In order to control the impact of human activity on our environment it is necessary to develop efficient multi–parameter monitoring systems in addition to understanding the underlying environmental processes. To carry out the huge numbers of analyses necessary it is not feasible to employ classical sample collection and analysis techniques. Robust sensors and instruments for on–site and automatic measurements are therefore being developed. A major goal of this book is to evaluate the developments over the last 10–20 years which will form the basis of future sophisticated in situ monitoring systems. The emphasis is on micro–analytical monitoring techniques and microtechnology.
This book also includes
- critical discussion of the state of the art of existing techniques and devices,
- what can be expected in terms of performance and
- possible improvements in the future.
General Concepts (J. Buffle and G. Horvai).
Electrochemical and Optical Oxygen Microsensors for In Situ Measurements (R.N. Glud, et al.).
Sensors for In Situ pH and pCO2 Measurements in Seawater and at the Sediment–Water Interface (W.J. Cai and C.E. Reimers).
Sensors for In Situ Analysis of Sulfide in Aquatic Systems (M. Kuhl and C. Steuckart).
Potentiometric Microsensors for In Situ Measurements in Aquatic Environments (D. De Beer).
Biosensors for Analysis of Water, Sludge and Sediments with Emphasis on Microscale Biosensors (N.P. Revsbech et al).
Continuous Flow Techniques for On Site and In Situ Measurements of Metals and Nutrients in Sea Water (K.S. Johnson, et al.).
Dynamic Aspects of In Situ Speciation Processes and Techniques (H.P. van Leeuwen).
In Situ voltammetry: Concepts and Practice for Trace Analysis and Speciation (J. Buffle and M–L. Tercier–Waeber).
Permeation Liquid Membranes for Field Analysis and Speciation of Trace Compounds in Waters (J. Buffle et al).
Dialysis, DET and DGT: In Situ Diffusional Techniques for Studying Water, Sediments and Soils (W. Davison, et al.).
Microtechnology for the Development of In Situ Microanalytical Systems (G.C. Fiaccabrino, et al.).