A thorough understanding of the chemical processes occurring in catalytic reactors is essential for anyone involved in the development of new technologies in the petroleum refining industry. This book offers a detailed, up–to–date treatment of the main conversion processes employed in crude–oil refining, including catalytic hydrotreating, catalytic reforming, and fluid catalytic cracking. It clearly explains commonly used approaches to reactor modeling for steady–state and dynamic simulations, discussing thermodynamics, reaction kinetics, process variables, process schemes, and reactor design.
With an emphasis on all things practical, the book provides a wealth of real–world examples and simulation results, illustrating how to simulate both experimental reaction units and commercial plants. Readers will find all the requisite data for building and validating models and learn how to adapt their own computer programs for use in reactor simulation, optimization, and design. Coverage includes:
An overview of petroleum refining topics, such as petroleum properties, separation, and upgrading processes
Detailed descriptions of the different reactor models, comparing advantages and disadvantages
Key features of catalytic hydrotreating reactors, along with modeling and simulation examples
Conversion processes involved in catalytic reforming, plus modeling and validating a kinetic reforming model
Modeling and simulation of the fluid catalytic cracking reactor in a wide range of situations
Hundreds of citations drawing on virtually all previously published works on the subject
Timely, authoritative, and complete, Modeling and Simulation of Catalytic Reactors for Petroleum Refining is an essential reference for chemical and process engineers, computational chemists and modelers, researchers and professionals in the petroleum industry, and anyone wishing to develop commercial simulators and software for reactor modeling.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR.
1 Petroleum Refining.
1.1 Properties of Petroleum.
1.2 Assay of Crude Oils.
1.3 Separation Processes.
1.4 Upgrading of Distillates.
1.5 Upgrading of Heavy Feeds.
2 Reactor Modeling in Petroleum Refining Industry.
2.1 Description of Reactors.
2.2 Deviation from an Ideal Flow Pattern.
2.3 Kinetic Modeling Approaches.
2.4 Reactor Modeling.
3. Modeling of Catalytic Hydrotreating.
3.1 The Hydrotreating Process.
3.2 Fundamentals of Hydrotreating.
3.3 Reactor Modeling.
4. Modeling of Catalytic Reforming.
4.1 The Catalytic Reforming Process.
4.2 Fundamentals of Catalytic Reforming.
4.3 Reactor Modeling.
5. Modelling and Simulation of the Fluidised–Bed Catalytic Cracking Converter (Rafael Maya–Yescas).
5.2 Reaction Mechanism of Catalytic Cracking.
5.3 Simulation to Estimate Kinetic Parameters.
5.4 Simulation to Find Controlling Reaction Steps During Catalytic Cracking.
5.5 Simulation of Steady Operation of the Riser Reactor.
5.6 Simulation to Scale–Up Kinetic Factors.
5.7 Simulation of the Regenerator Reactor.
5.8 Modelling of the Catalyst Stripper.
5.9 Simulation of the Controlled FCC Unit.
5.10 Technological Improvements and Modifications.