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Introduction to Environmental Analysis. Analytical Techniques in the Sciences (AnTs) *

  • ID: 2175656
  • Book
  • January 2002
  • Region: Global
  • 328 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Global awareness of the importance of monitoring and protecting our environment has grown considerably over the last ten years. Environmental concerns are now an integral part of today′s legislation, product design and development, waste minimization and disposal. As well as background monitoring of the environment, scientists are involved in monitoring liquid and gaseous discharges and surveying contaminated land and landfill sites – very topical issues due to concern over waste dumping and potential problems with reuse of old industrial sites.

As well as covering long–established methods, this book includes the breadth of new developments which have taken place in the field of environmental analysis. New techniques have emerged which have now become acceptable as alternatives to more long–standing methods. There is also more use of automated techniques. Quality assurance and quality control aspects have become increasingly important for the environmental analyst with a growing emphasis on accurate quantification. The techniques discussed develop in complexity from simple volumetric measurements for water quality to the special problems of ultra–trace analysis. As well as covering all of the laboratory techniques used in extraction and analysis of samples, attention is also given to in situ monitoring and sampling strategies.

Key features include the following:

∗ Up–to–date information on now widely used analytical techniques such as ICP–MS, ICP–OES, and PM10 sampling.

∗ Written in the AnTS Series style, it is ideal for use as a self–study aid or as the basis of a taught course.

∗ Includes a comprehensive bibliography to guide the reader to more specialized texts and sources for the various standard methods.

Introduction to Environmental Analysis will be invaluable to students on environmental science and analytical chemistry courses, as well as laboratory technicians, biologists and analytical chemists involved in environmental monitoring.
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Series Preface


Acronyms, Abbeviations and Symbols

About the Author

1. Introduction

The Environment

Reasons for Concern


The Necessity of Chemical Analysis

2. Transport of Pollutants in the Environment and Approaches to their Analysis


Sources, Dispersal, Reconcentration and Degradation

Transport and Reconcentration of Neutral Organic Compounds

Transport and Reconcentration of Metal Ions

What is a Safe Level?

Sampling and Sample Variability

General Apporoach to Analysis

The Choice of Laboratory or Field Analysis

Quality Assurance

3. Water Analysis –

Major Constituents



Measurement of Water Quality

Techniques for the Analysis of Common Ions

4. Water Analysis –



Organic Trace Pollutants

Metal Ions

5. Analysis of Land, Solids and Waste


Common Problem Areas in the Analysis of Solids

Specific Considerations for the Analysis of Biological Samples

Specific Considerations for the Analysis of Soils

Speicifc Considerations for the Analysis of Contaminated Land

Specific Considerations for the Analysis involved in Waste and Its Disposal by Landfill

Specific Considerations of Sediments and Sewage Sludge

New Extraction and Dissolution Techniques

6. Atmospheric Analysis –



Determination of Time–weighted Average Concentrations

Determination of Instanteous Concentrations

7. Atmsopheric Analysis –



Sampling Methods

Analytical Methods involving Sample Dissolution

Direct Analysis of Solids

8. Ultra–Trace Analysis


Analytical Methods

A Typical Analytical Scheme

Responses to Self–Assessment Questions


Glossary of Terms

Units of Measurement and Physical Constants

Periodic Table

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Roger N. Reeve
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