A comprehensive review of practical alternative energy choices for the twenty–first century
Developing an environmentally benign and strategically sound energy economy for the twenty–first century is one of the biggest and most complex challenges of our time. Energizing Our Future surveys and analyzes in considerable depth the present and future economic and technical viability of all known potential energy sources in the context of real–world production, distribution, and environmental constraints. It addresses three critical energy–related topics that are causing great confusion in public debate global warming, the hydrogen economy, and nuclear power and gives readers an opportunity to form a grounded, factually correct foundation for understanding the energy challenge and develop their own informed and actionable opinion. Coverage includes:
The hydrogen economy
Nuclear energy and the plutonium economy
Conventional oil and oil reserves
Coal and bituminous reserves
Biomass and ethanol
Diesel and biodiesel
Solar energy and photovoltaics
Fuel cells for stationary and mobile use
This insightful and much–needed perspective represents the first comprehensive review of the rational alternative energy choices for the twenty–first century. The subject matter is engaging and factual, enabling readers to grasp the gravity and urgency of impending choices, some of which will have to be made individually in practice. It is a must–read for political and industrial leaders, business and technology consultants, well–informed general readers, and students and teachers in chemistry, physics, engineering, energy technologies, politics, and the environmental sciences.
John R. Wilson, PhD, is President of TMG/Energy, an energy consulting firm. Dr. Wilson is a chemical engineer and materials scientist who has taught at the University of Birmingham in the UK and at Queen′s University in Kingston, Ontario, and has worked extensively in the energy and automotive industries. Since 1987, Dr. Wilson has worked as a consultant to develop and implement numerous conventional and alternate energy technologies for a wide range of users. He has also collaborated in developing commercially successful biodegradable and composite materials.
Pursuing the Truth.
Oil & Gas Consumption.
PART I: A TRILOGY OF POPULAR MISCONCEPTIONS.
1. Global Warming.
Global Warming "Forcing Agents".
Dealing with Global Warming.
Can Anything Be Done?.
The Kyoto Protocol.
2. The Hydrogen Economy (Aka, the Impossible Dream).
Hydrogen Production Methods.
Hydrogen from Hydrocarbons.
Natural Gas Reserves and Hydrogen.
Transporting and Distributing Hydrogen.
Transportation and Distribution Alternatives.
Hydrogen Storage Approaches.
Catalyzed Hydrogen Adsorption and/or Desorption.
Feasibility of Metal Hydrides as Storage Media.
Hydrogen Adsorption/Desorption: "Chemical Hydrides".
Hydride Slurries for Hydrogen Storage and Transportation.
Possible Non–Metal Hydrides/Hydrogen Carriers.
Hydrocarbons via Partial Dehydrogenation.
Carbon–Based Adsorption Systems.
Novel Hydrogen Storage Methods.
Hydrogen Storage and DOE Criteria.
Storage Implications for Light–Duty Vehicles.
Hydrogen Storage Assessment.
Summary of Hydrogen Issues.
3. Nuclear Energy and the Plutonium Economy.
The influence of Nuclear Energy.
Evolution of Reactor Designs.
Generation IV Reactors.
Fuel Recycling and Mixed Oxide Fuel.
MOX Use in Light Water Reactors.
MOX Production and Processing.
Fast Breeder Reactors.
Radioactive Waste Disposal.
Uranium Supply Concerns.
Uncertainty about Safe and Sustainable Reactor Technology.
The Problem in Ontario, Canada.
The Future is Dimming on Nuclear Power.
PART II: ENERGY OPTIONS FOR THE FUTURE.
4. Conventional Oil and Oil Reserves.
Conventional Natural Gas.
A Short(age) Summary.
Future Supply, Demand and Pricing.
Natural Gas and Synthetics.
5. Coal and Bituminous Reserves.
Other Coal Processes.
Underground Processing of Coal.
6. Biomass and Ethanol.
Biomass Conversion Technologies.
Conversion Products and By–products.
Other Raw Materials for Biomass.
Cost Implications of Biomass Use.
Net Energy Balances.
The Thermodynamics of Growing Corn.
Corn Production in the United States.
Federal Subsidies for Ethanol.
Longer–term Ethanol Prospects.
Final Ethanol Observations.
Possible Fossil Sources of Syngas.
Methanol as an Energy Carrier.
Methanol Manufacturing and Applications.
8. Diesel and BioDiesel.
"Clean Diesel" Fuel and Diesel Fuel Substitutes 152.
9. Solar Energy and Photovoltaics.
Solar Photovoltaic Systems.
General Operation of PV Cells.
Polycrystalline Thin–film Materials.
Dye–sensitized Solar Cells.
10. Fuel Cells for Stationary and Mobile Use.
Real–world Fuel Cell Efficiencies.
On–board Fuel Storage Requirements.
Appendix – Terms and Definitions.