Following an introduction reviewing igneous nomenclature, each chapter addresses a specific compositional category of magmatic rocks, covering definition, mineralogy, eruption/ emplacement processes, textures and crystallization processes, geotectonic distribution, geochemistry, and aspects of magma genesis. One chapter is devoted to phase equilibrium experiments and magma evolution; another introduces pyroclastic volcanology. Each chapter concludes with exercises, answers being provided at the end of the book.
Appendices provide a summary of techniques and optical data for microscope mineral identification, an introduction to petrographic calculations, a glossary of petrological terms, and a list of symbols and units. The book is richly illustrated with line drawings, monochrome pictures and colour plates.
1. An introduction to magmas and magmatic rocks.
2. Basalts and related rocks.
3. Magma differentiation.
4. Gabbroic rocks.
5. Ultramafi c and ultrabasic rocks.
6. Andesite, dacite and rhyolite.
7. How magmas erupt an introduction to pyroclastic processes and products.
8. Granitic rocks.
9. Alkali rocks.
Appendix A Mineral identifi cation using a polarizing microscope.
Appendix B Petrographic calculations.
Appendix C Symbols, units and constants used in this book.
Answers to exercises.
Colour plate section.
Companion website for this book: wiley.com/go/gill/igneous.