This book presents a comprehensive introduction to the selection, operation, and testing of infrared devices, including a description of modern detector assemblies and their operation
This book discusses how to use and test infrared and visible detectors. The book provides a convenient reference for those entering the field of IR detector design, test or use, those who work in the peripheral areas, and those who teach and train others in the field.
Chapter 1 contains introductory material. Radiometry is covered in Chapter 2. The author examines Thermal detectors in Chapter 3; the Classical photon detectors simple photoconductors and photovoltaics in Chapter 4; and Modern Photon Detectors in Chapter 5. Chapters 6 through 8 consider respectively individual elements and small arrays of elements the readouts (ROICs) used with large imaging arrays; and Electronics for FPA Operation and Testing. The Test Set and The Testing Process are analyzed in Chapters 9 and 10, with emphasis on uncertainty and trouble shooting. Chapters 11 through 15 discuss related skills, such as Uncertainty, Cryogenics, Vacuum, Optics, and the use of Fourier Transforms in the detector business. Some highlights of this new edition are that it
Discusses radiometric nomenclature and calculations, detector mechanisms, the associated electronics, how these devices are tested, and real–life effects and problems
Examines new tools in Infrared detector operations, specifically: selection and use of ROICs, electronics for FPA operation, operation of single element and very small FPAs, microbolometers, and multi–color FPAs
Contains five chapters with frequently sought–after information on related subjects, such as uncertainty, optics, cryogenics, vacuum, and the use of Fourier mathematics for detector analyses
Fundamentals of Infrared and Visible Detector Operation and Testing, Second Edition, provides the background and vocabulary necessary to help readers understand the selection, operation, and testing of modern infrared devices.
John David Vincent: Consultant after 50 years as an IR test engineer and system engineer (SBRC, Amber Engineering, Raytheon Infrared Operations, FLIR–Indigo). His interests include uncertainty analysis, radiometrics, data analysis and presentation.
Steve Hodges (Principal Senior Scientist, Alion Science and Technology) has developed fire detection and suppression systems for 30 years.
John Vampola (Principal Engineering Fellow, Raytheon Vision Systems) has specialized in ROIC and FPA design and applications for 35 years.
Mark Stegall and Greg Pierce. (Founder and CEO respectively SE–IR Corporation, Goleta, CA) have designed and produced test electronics for FPA evaluation and imaging demonstrations for over 25 years.
About the Companion Website xv
UNIT I DETECTOR BASICS 1
1 Introduction and Overview 3
2 Radiometry 25
3 Thermal Detectors: Mechanisms, Operation, and Performance 85
4 Classical Photon Detectors: Simple Photoconductor and Photovoltaics 105
5 Modern Photon Detectors 149
UNIT II DETECTOR ASSEMBLIES 171
6 Single Detector Assemblies and Small Arrays 173
7 Readout Integrated Circuits 191
8 Electronics for FPA Operation 237
UNIT III TESTING 257
9 Test Equipment 259
10 Detector Testing 315
UNIT IV RELATED SKILLS 379
11 Measurements and Uncertainty 381
12 Cryogenics 407
13 Vacuum 441
14 Optics and Optical Materials 469
15 Fourier Analysis of Detector Problems 507
Appendix A Symbols, Abbreviations, and Acronyms 549