Plant Nutritional Genomics. Biological Sciences Series

  • ID: 2176963
  • Book
  • 344 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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A textbook plant typically comprises about 85% water and 13.5% carbohydrates. The remaining fraction contains at least 14 mineral elements, without which plants would be unable to complete their life cycles.

Understanding plant nutrition and applying this knowledge to practical use is important for several reasons. First, an understanding of plant nutrition allows fertilisers to be used more wisely. Second, the nutritional composition of crops must be tailored to meet the health of humans and livestock. Third, many regions of the world are currently unsuitable for crop production, and an understanding of plant nutrition can be used to develop strategies either for the remediation of this land or for the cultivation of novel crops.

That application of knowledge of plant nutrition can be achieved through genotypic or agronomic approaches. Genotypic approaches, based on crop selection and / or breeding (conventional or GM), have recently begun to benefit from technological advances, including the completion of plant genome sequencing projects. This book provides an overview of how plant nutritional genomics, defined as the interaction between a plant′s genome and its nutritional characteristics, has developed in the light of these technological advances, and how this new knowledge might usefully be applied.

This is a book for researchers and professionals in plant molecular genetics, biochemistry and physiology, in both the academic and industrial sectors.

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1. Nitrogen.

Françoise Daniel–Vedele and Sylvain Chaillou, Plant Nitrogen Nutrition Unit, INRA Versailles, Frances.

2. Potassium.

Sabine Zimmermann and Isabelle Chérel, INRA – Biochimie et Physiologie Moléculaire des Plantes, Montpellier, France.

3. Calcium.

Philip J. White, Horticulture Research International, Wellesbourne, Warwick, UK.

4. Sulphur.

Malcolm J. Hawkesford, Agriculture and the Environment Division, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, UK.

5. Phosphorus.

Kashchandra G. Raghothama, Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA.

6. Sodium.

Huazhong Shi, Ray A. Bressan, Paul M. Hasegawa and Jian–Kang Zhu, Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA.

7. Mapping links between the genome and ionome in plants.

Brett Lahner and David E. Salt, Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architechture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA.

8. Transcriptional profiling of membrane transporters.

Frans J.M. Maathuis, Department of Biology, University of York, UK and Anna Amtmann, Laboratory of Plant Physiology and Biophysics, University of Glasgow, UK.

9. Exploring natural genetic variation to improve plant nutrient content.

Dick Vreugdenhil , Mark G.M. Aarts and Maarten Koornneef, Laboratory of Genetics, Wageningen University, The Netherlands.

10. Mapping nutritional traits in crop plants.

Matthias Wissuwa, International Rice Research Institute, Manila, The Philippines.

11. Sustainable crop nutrition: constraints and opportunities.

R. Ford Denison and E. Toby Kiers, Agronomy & Range Science Department, University of California, Davis, USA.

12. Methods to improve the crop–delivery of minerals to humans and livestock.

Michael A. Grusak, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA and Ismail Cakmak, Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Sabanci University, Istanbul, Turkey.

13. Using plants to manage sites contaminated with heavy metals.

Steven N. Whiting, School of Botany, University of Melbourne, Australia, Roger D. Reeves, Institute of Fundamental Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand, David Richards, Rio Tinto Plc, London, UK et al..

References.

Index

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The book is divided into 13 chapters covering three distinct topics: the molecular physiology of individual nutrients, methods for studying plant nutritional genomics, and applications of the knowledge gained.

"This is a really good book that should be part of the personal library of all those working in plant nutrition. It should also be consulted by those who want to keep abreast of recent developments or use it as a basis for an initial but integrated introduction to the molecular physiology of nutrient acquisition and assimilation and how this knowledge can potentially be exploited. It will also be useful to those preparing advanced undergraduate or graduate–level lecture courses in plant nutrition."

Roger A Leigh – Annals of Botany

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