Groundwater in the Environment draws on case studies and cutting-edge research from around the world, giving a unique insight into groundwater occurring in a wide range of different climate zones and geological settings. This book:
- provides a robust, practical introduction to groundwater quality, and a succinct summary of modern remedial technologies for polluted groundwaters
- explores how groundwater fits into the wider natural environment, especially in relation to freshwater ecosystems
- considers the vulnerability of groundwater systems and the effects of pollution, climate change, land-use change, and overexploitation
- examines human dependence on water and the effect that this has on groundwater systems
- presents vivid examples of geohazards associated with ground waters
- explains the whys and wherefores of groundwater modeling
- examines competing philosophies of groundwater management, making the case for approaches which take social, economic and ecological issues into account.
Goundwater in the Environment provides an up-to-date, essential introduction for undergraduate students of environmental sciences, geography and geology. It will also be invaluable to professionals working in various fields of natural resource management who need accessible information on groundwater but who are reluctant to read conventional texts full of mathematical notation. For practicing hydrogeologists and engineers without formal training in freshwater ecology, this book provides a `crash course' in the new frontiers of groundwater management.
Artwork from the book is available to instructors online at [external URL]. An Instructor manual CD-ROM for this title is available. Please contact our Higher Education team at [external URL] for more information.
1. Occurrence of Water Underground.
1.1. Groundwater and the Global Water Cycle.
1.2. The Natural Zonation of Water Underground.
1.3. Water Pressure, the Saturated Zone, Aquifers, and Aquitards.
1.4. Aquifer Properties: Effective Porosity, Permeability, Storage.
1.5. The Geology of Groundwater Occurrence.
2. Sources of Groundwater: Recharge Processes.
2.1. Provenance of Groundwater.
2.2. Recharge Processes.
2.3. Movement of Water through the Unsaturated Zone.
3. Groundwater Movement.
3.1. “The Force that Drives the Water through the Rocks”.
3.2. Quantifying Flow Rates: Darcy’s Law and Hydraulic Conductivity.
3.3. Groundwater Flow Patterns.
3.4. Quantifying the Hydraulic Properties of Aquifers.
4. Natural Groundwater Quality.
4.1. How to Read a Water Analysis.
4.2. Chemical Characteristics of Natural Groundwaters: Origins and Significance.
4.3. Displaying and Classifying Groundwater Quality.
4.4. The evolution of Natural Groundwater Quality.
5. Groundwater Discharge and Catchment Hydrology.
5.1. Groundwater Discharge Features.
5.2. The role of Groundwater in Generating Surface Runoff.
5.3. Estimating the Groundwater Component of Catchment Runoff.
5.4. Physical Controls on Groundwater Discharge at the Catchment Scale.
6. Groundwater and Freshwater Ecosystems.
6.1. Freshwater Ecosystems.
6.2. Groundwater-fed Wetland Ecosystems.
6.3. Fluvial Ecosystems and the Hyporheic Zone.
6.4. Groundwater Ecology.
7. Groundwater as a Resource.
7.1. Current Resource Utilization of Groundwater.
7.2. Constraints on Groundwater Utility.
7.3. Methods of Groundwater Abstraction.
7.4. Conjunctive use of Groundwaters with Surface Waters.
7.5. Groundwater as a Thermal Resource.
8. Groundwater Hazards.
8.1. Geohazards and Hydro-geohazards.
8.2. Natural Hydro-geohazards.
8.3. Hydro-geohazards Induced by Human Activities.
9. Groundwater Under Threat.
9.1. Threats to Groundwater Systems.
9.2. Depletion of Groundwater Quantity.
9.3. Degradation of Groundwater Quality.
10. Modeling Groundwater Systems.
10.1. Why Simulate Groundwater Systems?.
10.2. Conceptual Models.
10.3. Representing the Conceptual Model Mathematically.
10.4. Ways of Doing the Sums: Solving Physically Based Models.
10.5. One Step Beyond: Simulating Groundwater Quality.
10.6. Groundwater Modeling In Practice.
11. Managing Groundwater Systems.
11.1. Approaches to Groundwater Resource Management.
11.2. Towards Sustainable Groundwater Development.
11.3. Groundwater Control Measures to Mitigate Geohazards.
11.4. Preventing Groundwater Contamination.
11.5. Remediating Contaminated Groundwaters.