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The Periodic Table at a Glance. Chemistry At a Glance

  • ID: 2176998
  • Book
  • June 2006
  • 120 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Inorganic chemistry is a core part of the chemistry curricula, though it is often felt to be a huge range of disparate facts that have little underlying organization or reasoning. The periodic table was developed in the latter part of the 19th century, providing an organizing structure which began to explain the underlying principles of inorganic chemistry

The Periodic Table at a Glance provides a concise overview of the main principles and reactions of inorganic chemistry, carefully structured around the periodic table, for students studying chemistry and related courses at undergraduate level. Based on the highly successful and student friendly at a glance approach, the information is presented in integrated, self contained double page spreads of text and illustrative material, to facilitate the rapid assimilation, understanding and recall of critical concepts, facts and definitions.

Students wanting a comprehensive and accessible overview of inorganic chemistry will find this book an ideal source of the information they require. In addition, the structured presentation will provide an invaluable aid to revision for students preparing for examinations.

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1. Atoms, The Periodic Table, And Periodic Properties.

1.1 Atomic Structure (I): introduction, electronic properties and wavefunctions.

1.2 Atomic Structure (II): quantum numbers, core and valence orbitals.

1.3 The Periodic Table: overview, atomic masses, the Periodic Table, historical perspective.

1.4 Periodic Properties: atomic, covalent and ionic radii, ionization energies, electron affinities, and electronegativities.

1.5 Redox Processes (I): standard reduction potentials, Latimer diagrams.

1.6 Redox Processes (II): Free Energy Oxidation STate (FROST) diagrams, construction of FROST diagrams, interpreting the FROST diagram.

2. Molecular Structures And Solid–State Giant Structures.

2.1 Covalent Interactions Between Atoms: overview, covalent bonding, Linear combination of atomic orbitals (LCAO), hybridization, polarity of covalent bonds.

2.2 Shapes Of Molecules: Valence–Shell Electron–Pair Repulsion (VSEPR).

2.3 Structure and Bonding in Metals: structures, bonding, properties.

2.4 Ionic and Covalent Solid–State Giant Structures: ionic bonding, simple ionic crystals, cation/anion radius ratio rule, ion polarization, covalent giant structure.

3. s–Block Elements Main Group Elements (Groups 1,2).

3.1 Group 1 Elements The Alkali Metals (Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Fr): elements, reactivity of the elements, compounds, co–ordination complexes, flame test colours.

3.2 Group 2 Elements The Alkaline Earths (Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra): elements, reactivity of the elements, compounds, co–ordination complexes, flame test colours.

3.3 Some Industrial Processes Involving s–Block Elements: production and uses of salt, manufacture of caustic soda and the chloralkali industry, extraction of Na, soda ash, extraction of Mg.


4. p–Block Elements Main Group Elements (Groups 13–18).

4.1 General Overview Of p–Block Elements (I): introduction, electronic configurations, ionization energies, bonding.

4.2 General Overview Of p–Block elements (II): multiple bonds, molecular geometries.

4.3 Group 13 elements (B, Al, Ga, In, Tl): overview, halides, borates and aquo ions, co–ordination chemistry.

4.4 Borazene And The Boron Hydrides: borazene, boron hydrides.

4.5 Group 14 Elements (C, Si, Ge, Sn, Pb): overview, hydrides, multiple bonds, halides, oxides.

4.6 Silicate And Siloxane Chemistry: water glass solutions, solid–state silicate anions, zeolite chemistry, siloxanes.

4.7 Group 15 Elements – The Pnicogens (N, P, As, Sb, Bi): hydrides, halides, oxides, oxyanions, polyphosphazenes.

4.8 Group 16 Elements The Chalcogens (O, S, Se, Te, Po): oxidation states, hydrides, halides, Lewis acid/Lewis base behaviour.

4.9 Sulphur And Its Compounds (I): minerals and production, allotropes, hydrides and sulphide anions, oxides.

4.10 Sulphur And Its Compounds(II): oxyanions and related compounds, redox chemistry, sulphur–nitrogen chemistry.

4.11 Group 17 Elements The Halogens (F, Cl, Br, I, At): overview, oxidation states, interhalogen compounds, polyhalides, donor properties of halide anions.

4.12 Group 18 Elements The Inert Gases (He, Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe, Rn): introduction, xenon fluorides, xenon oxygen compounds, compounds with bonds between xenon and other elements, krypton compounds, compounds of radon and argon.

4.13 Some Industrial Processes Involving p–Block Elements (I): Al production, alkene polymerization, bromine.

4.14 Some Industrial Processes Involving p–Block Elements (II): ammonia, nitric acid.

5. Hydrogen.

5.1 Hydrogen The First Element: occurrence, atomic structure, physical properties of the element, H2 as an industrial chemical, position in the Periodic Table.

5.2 Hydrogen – Chemical Properties: introduction, saline hydrides, covalent hydrides, hydrogen bonds, Bronsted acidity and H+, metallic hydrides.


6. d–Block Elements Transition metals (Groups 3–12).

6.1 Electronic Configurations And General Reactivity: characteristic properties of the d–block elements, electronic configurations, physical properties and general reactivity.

6.2 An Overview Of Chemical And Physical Properties Of The d–Block Elements: co–ordination compounds (formation of complexes), coloured compounds, paramagnetism, catalysis by d–block metals.

6.2 Variable Oxidation States: First transition (3d) series, Group 5 – oxidation states of V, Group 6 – oxidation states of Cr, Group 7 – oxidation states of Mn, oxidation states of the second (4d) and third (5d) transition series.

6.4 Co–ordination Compounds (I): ligands and denticity, co–ordination numbers and co–ordination geometries, the chelate effect.

6.5 Co–ordination Compounds (II): kinetically inert and labile complexes, stepwise and overall stability constants, Irving Williams series for M2+, the effect of metal charge on stability constants, substitution in square–planar Pt(II) complexes.

6.6 Isomerism In Co–ordination Compounds: isomerism, geometrical isomerism, optical isomerism, ionization isomerism, linkage isomerism, co–ordination isomerism.

6.7 Reactions Of Transition Metal Aquo Ions: solution structure of aquo ions, reactivity of aquo ions (redox, acidity, substitution).

6.8 Crystal Field And Ligand field Theory: introduction, octahedral, square–planar, tetrahedral complexes, Jahn–Teller effect.

6.9 Ligand Field Theory And Electronic Spectra (Colours) Of Transition Metal Complexes: colours of transition metal complexes, factors which effect the magnitude of D.

6.10 Ligand Field Theory And Magnetic Properties: overview, magnetic susceptibilty, high spin/low spin complexes, ferromagnetism.

6.11 Metal Carbonyl Chemistry: organometallic compounds, the 18– rule, structures of binary metal carbonyls, substitution mechanisms.

6.12 d–Block Elements And Industrial Chemistry: production of Fe and steel, production of TiO2, purification of Ni, homogeneous catalysis, heterogeneous catalysis.


7. f–Block Elements Lanthanides and Actinides.

7.1 The 4f Elements The Lanthanides or Rare Earths: introduction, electronic configuration, lanthanide contraction, oxidation states (+3, +2 and +4), typical chemistry.

7.2 The 5f Elements – The Actinides: occurrence, electronic configuration, typical chemistry.

7.3 Some Applications Of The f–Block Elements: lanthanides (medical imaging, catalytic converters), actinides (nuclear fuels, smoke detectors).

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Mike Beckett
Andy Platt
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