Marine Ecology. Concepts and Applications

  • ID: 2177196
  • Book
  • 286 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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This book began life as a series of lectures given to second and third year undergraduates at Oxford University.  These lectures were designed to give students insights as to how marine ecosystems functioned, how they were being affected by natural and human interventions, and how we might be able to conserve them and manage them sustainably for the good of people, both recreationally and economically.  This book presents 10 chapters, beginning with principles of oceanography important to ecology, through discussions of the magnitude of marine biodiversity and the factors influencing it, the functioning of marine ecosystems at within trophic levels such as primary production, competition and dispersal, to different trophic level interactions such as herbivory, predation and parasitism.  The final three chapters look at the more applied aspects of marine ecology, discussion fisheries, human impacts, and management and conservation.

Other textbooks covering similar topics tend to treat the topics from the point of view of separate ecosystems, with chapters on reefs, rocks and deep sea.  This book however is topic driven as described above, and each chapter makes full use of examples from all appropriate marine ecosystems. The book is illustrated throughout with many full colour diagrams and high quality photographs.

The book is aimed at undergraduate and graduate students at colleges and universities, and it is hoped that the many examples from all over the world will provide global relevance and interest.

Both authors have long experience of research and teaching in marine ecology.  Martin Speight s first degree was in marine zoology at UCNW Bangor, and he has taught marine ecology and conservation at Oxford for 25 years.  His research students study tropical marine ecology from the Caribbean through East Africa to the Far East.  Peter Henderson is a Senior Research Associate at the University of Oxford, and is Director of Pisces Conservation in the UK.  He has worked on marine and freshwater fisheries, as well as ecological and economic impacts and exploitation of the sea in North and South America as well as Europe.

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Preface vi

Acknowledgments ix

1 The physical template 1

2 Marine biodiversity 27

3 Primary production and chemosynthesis 49

4 Primary consumption: marine herbivores and detritivores 65

5 Predators, parasites, and pathogens 83

6 Competition and succession 107

7 Dispersal and settlement 129

8 The exploitation and maintenance of marine and estuarine fisheries 153

9 Threats to marine ecosystems: the effects of man 169

10 Marine conservation 203

Appendix 239

References 251

Index 271

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"This work by Speight and Henderson (both, Oxford Univ., UK) details physical and chemical marine environments and their effect on various organisms and ecological functions. The book is divided into 10 chapters. The first two chapters address essential aspects of oceanography, including factors such as ocean currents, temperature, salinity, and various elements in sea water and their influence on marine organisms. Subsequent chapters focus on the diversity of organisms in various oceanic realms, factors underlying the distribution and diversity of organisms, and the functional aspects of the oceans, including primary production, chemosynthesis, predation, parasitism, and more.Concluding chapters address the larger picture, including global fisheries, sustainable exploitation of marine resources, anthropogenic impacts on oceans, and conservation of marine resources. Appropriate examples and graphs illustrate the points made in each chapter. Pictures and graphics are excellent." (CHOICE, December 2010)

"This is a well organized, easily read text that provides a useful introduction to marine ecology for senior undergraduate students...teachers looking for an up–to–date text with a modern approach should, nevertheless, look at this book to see whether it meets their particular course needs." (Aquaculture International, July 2010)
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