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Large Marine Ecosystems. Stress, Mitigation and Sustainability

  • ID: 2178389
  • Book
  • May 1995
  • Region: Global
  • 400 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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The future is uncertain for the world′s large marine ecosystems. These relatively narrow ocean zones produce nearly 95% of useable marine biomass, yet are becoming increasingly stressed by both natural and anthropogenic changes. The potential for consequent negative effects on global ecologies and economies has aroused major international concern. This state–of–the–art update on Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs) represents a multidisciplinary effort to develop a more holistic approach to the research, monitoring, and management of marine resources. The contributors deal with the various environmental and human impacts of ocean productivity, providing scientific, legal and technological arguments for managing LMEs as multinational units in order to sustain the biomass yields of major coastal areas.
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Part One: Sustainability of Large Marine Ecosystems.

– large marine ecosystems as global units for marine resources management.

– an ecological perspective;.

The large marine ecosystem approach to regional seas action plans and conventions: a geographic perspective;.

Scientific and organizational aspects of large marine ecosystems research;.

Application of large marine ecosystems management to global marine pollution;.

Application of international global change research programs, including GLOBEC, to long–term large marine ecosystems management;.

Approaches to forecasting biomass yields in large marine ecosystems;.

Part Two: Regional Case Studies – Stress and Mitigation of Large Marine Ecosystems.

– long–term viability in the food chains, biomass yields, and oceanography of the Bay of bengal ecosystem;.

Effects of physical and biological changes on the biomass yield of the Humboldt Current ecosystem;.

Food chains, physical dynamics, perturbations and biomass yields of the Sea of Okhotsk;.

Effetcs of long–term physical and biological perturbations on the contemporary biomass yields of the Yellow Sea ecosystem;.

Long–term variability in the food chains, biomass yields, and oceanography of the Canary Current ecosystem;.

The large marine ecosystem of shelf areas in the Gulf of Guinea: long–term variability induced by climatic changes;.

Ecological and fishing features of the Adriatic Sea;.

Contrast between recent fishery trends and evidence for nutrient enrichment in two large marine ecosystems: The Mediterranean and The Black Seas;.

Startified models of large marine ecosystems: a general approach and an application to the South China Sea;.

Marine biogeographic provinces of the Bering, Chukchi and Beaufort Seas;.

Effects of climatic changes on the biomass yield of the Barents Sea, Norwegian Sea and West Greenland large marine ecosystems;.

The California Current, Benguela Current and Southwestern Atlantic Shelf ecosystems: a comparative approach to identifying factors regulating biomass yields;.

Part Three: Sustainability and Management of Large Marine Ecosystems.

– regional approach to large marine ecosystems;.

Legal regimes for management of large marine ecosystems and their component resources;.

Ocean management and the large marine ecosystem concept: taking the next step;.

Convention on the conservation of Antarctic marine living resources;.

Simulation study of effects of closed areas to all fishing, with particular reference to the North Sea ecosystem;.

Research and management in the Northern California Current ecosystem;.

Sutainable development of the Great Barrier Reef as a large marine ecosystem;.

Role of national political factors in the management of LMEs: evidence from West Africa;.

Large marine eocsystems of the Pacific Rim;.

Part Four: Technology Applications to the Monitoring Process in Large Marine Ecosystems.

– applications of advanced acoustic technology in large marine ecosystem studies;.

Application of molecular techniques to large marine ecosystems;.

Application of satellite remote sensing and optical buoys/moorings to LME studies

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Kenneth Sherman
D. G. Alexander
Barry D. Gold
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