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Wild Rangelands. Conserving Wildlife While Maintaining Livestock in Semi–Arid Ecosystems. Conservation Science and Practice

  • ID: 2178679
  • Book
  • 448 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Rangelands, which include unimproved grasslands, shrublands, savannas and semi–deserts, and represent almost half of the terrestrial surface of the Earth, are defined by their use by people as grazing lands for extensive livestock production. However, these ecosystems also constitute a major share of global biodiversity, include some of the most charismatic landscapes and species on our planet, and supply essential ecosystem goods and services to many millions of people who live outside of the global economy. Reconciling livestock production with wildlife conservation is thus a key requirement of sustainable development, but the obstacles are immense. The contributors to this book include leading experts who have pooled their experiences from all continents to cover the ecological, sociological, political, veterinary, and economic aspects of the situation as it exists today. This is to provide practitioners, and students of rangeland management and wildland conservation with a diversity of perspectives on a central question: can rangelands be wildlands?
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Contributors vii

Preface xv

Foreword by Anthony R.E. Sinclair and George B. Schaller xix

1. Introduction: A Review of Rangeland Conservation Issues in an Uncertain Future 1
Monica L. Wrobel and Kent H. Redford

Part I Thematic Reviews 13

2. Riding the Rangelands Piggyback: A Resilience Approach to Conservation Management 15
Brian Walker

3. Addressing the Mismatches between Livestock Production and Wildlife Conservation across Spatio–temporal Scales and Institutional Levels 30
Johan T. du Toit

4. Rangeland Conservation and Shrub Encroachment: New Perspectives on an Old Problem 53
Steven R. Archer

5. Health and Disease in Wild Rangelands 98
Richard Kock, Mike Kock, Sarah Cleaveland and Gavin Thomson

6. Contemporary Views of Human Carnivore Conflicts on Wild Rangelands 129
Alexandra Zimmermann, Nick Baker, Chloe Inskip, John D.C. Linnell, Silvio Marchini, John Odden, Gregory Rasmussen and Adrian Treves

7. Financial Incentives for Rangeland Conservation: Addressing the Show–Us–the–Money Challenge 152
Ray Victurine and Charles Curtin

Part II Case Studies 189

8. Biodiversity Conservation in Australian Tropical Rangelands 191
Stephen T. Garnett, John C.Z. Woinarski, Gabriel M. Crowley and Alex S. Kutt

9. Livestock Grazing and Wildlife Conservation in the American West: Historical, Policy and Conservation Biology Perspectives 235
Thomas L. Fleischner

10. GuanacoManagement inPatagonianRangelands:AConservation Opportunity on the Brink of Collapse 266
Ricardo Baldi, Andrés Novaro, Martín Funes, SusanWalker, Pablo Ferrando, Mauricio Failla and Pablo Carmanchahi

11. Multiple Use of Trans–Himalayan Rangelands: Reconciling Human Livelihoods withWildlife Conservation 291
CharuduttMishra, Sumanta Bagchi, Tsewang Namgail and Yash Veer Bhatnagar

12. Herders and Hunters in a Transitional Economy: TheChallenge of Wildlife and Rangeland Management in Post–socialist Mongolia 312
Katie M. Scharf, María E. Fernández–Giménez, Batjav Batbuyan and Sumiya Enkhbold

13. Social and Economic Challenges for Conservation in East African Rangelands: Land use, Livelihoods and Wildlife Change in Maasailand 340
Katherine Homewood and D. Michael Thompson

14. The Future for Wildlife on Kenya s Rangelands: An Economic Perspective 367
Michael Norton–Griffiths and Mohammed Y. Said

15. Synthesis: Local and Global Solutions to the Challenge of Keeping Rangelands Wild 393
James C. Deutsch

Index 403

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Johan T. du Toit
Richard Kock
James Deutsch
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