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Reducing the Impact of Poverty on Health and Human Development. Scientific Approaches. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

  • ID: 2178903
  • Book
  • August 2008
  • Region: United States
  • 300 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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What are the many ways in which poverty contributes to ill health among the poor and to impeded development among poor children? This volume is the response of the New York Academy of Sciences to a request by the Council of Science Editors that medical and scientific journals all over the world publish an issue in October 2007 addressing the theme of poverty and human development. The Annals will publish advance chapters from this volume online to meet this global challenge, and the print publication will follow early in 2008.

Diverse elements contribute to poverty in the United States and elsewhere in the world, and the contributed chapters offer a look at this problem from the perspectives of many disciplines. The volume begins with chapters addressing specific diseases associated with poverty, such as tuberculosis, malaria, HIV/AIDS, lymphatic filiariasis, hookworm, and measles along with public health issues in the developing world. Other chapters address poverty and maternal health, health disparities, and human nutrition. The effect on human development of health care services, education, and housing are also addressed, as are the social, economic, engineering, and technology determinants of human development.

This volume, and this global publishing initiative, will raise awareness and stimulate interest and research into poverty and its pervasive effects on human development.

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Preface: Stephen G. Kaler and Owen M. Rennert.

Part I: Diseases of Poverty:.

1. Treating Multidrug–Resistant Tuberculosis in Tomsk, Russia: Developing Programs That Address the Linkage between Poverty and Disease: S. Keshavjee, I.Y. Gelmanova, A.D, Pasechnikov, S.P. Mishustin, Y.G. Andreev, A. Yedilbayev, J.J. Furin, J.S. Mukherjee, M.L. Rich, E.A. Nardell, P.E. Farmer, J.Y. Kim, and S.S. Shin.

2. Expanding Global HIV Treatment: Case Studies from the Field: J.J. Furin, H.L. Behforouz, S.S. Shin, J.S. Mukherjee, J. Bayona, P.E. Farmer, J.Y. Kim, and S. Keshavjee.

3. Poverty and Human Immunodeficiency in Children A View from the Western Cape, South Africa: B.J. Marais, M. Esser, S. Godwin, H. Rabie, and Mark F. Cotton.

4. Diseases of Poverty with High Mortality in Infants and Children: Malaria, Measles, Lower Respiratory Infections, and Diarrheal Illnesses: Stephen G. Kaler.

5. Malaria and Poverty: Awash Teklehaimanot.

6. Hookworm and Poverty: Peter J. Hotez.

7. Dracunculiasis, Onchocerciasis, Schistosomiasis, and Trachoma: Donald R. Hopkins, Frank O. Richards, Jr., Ernesto Ruiz–Tiben, Paul Emerson, and P. Craig Withers, Jr.

8. Eliminating Lymphatic Filariasis: A View from the Field: Thomas Streit and Jack Guy Lafontant.

9. Intersectorial Approaches to Neglected Diseases: Steven K. Ault.

10. Chronic Diseases in Developing Countries: Health and Economic Burdens: Rachel Nugent.

Part II: Maternal Health and Poverty:.

11. Poverty, Maternal Health, and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes: N. Tanya Nagahawatte and Robert L. Goldenberg.

12. Supporting the Mental Health of Mothers Raising Children in Poverty: How Do We Target Them for Intervention Studies?: Linda Beeber, Krista M. Perreira, and Todd Schwartz.

13. Poverty, Gender Inequities, and Women′s Risk of Human Immunodeficiency Virus/AIDS: Suneeta Krishnan, Megan S. Dunbar, Alexandra M. Minnis, Carol A. Medlin, Caitlin E. Gerdts, Nancy S. Padian.

Part III: Health Disparities and Poverty:.

14. Poverty and the Elimination of Urban Health Disparities: Challenge and Opportunity: Stephen B. Thomas and Sandra Crouse Quinn.

15. Poverty and Health Disparities for American Indian and Alaska Native Children: Current Knowledge and Future Prospects: Michelle Sarche and Paul Spicer.

Part IV. Health Care Services and Human Development:.

16. Trends in Private Insurance, Medicaid/State Children s Health Insurance Program, and the Health Care Safety Net: Implications for Vulnerable Populations and Health Disparities: Alexandra E. Shields, Mary McGinn–Shapiro, and Paul Fronstin.

17. Health Insurance and Access to Health Care in the United States: Catherine Hoffman and Julia Paradise.

18. Poverty and Access to Health Care in Developing Countries: David H. Peters, Anu Garg, Gerry Bloom, Damian G. Walker, William R. Brieger, M. Hafizur Rahman.

Part V: Human Nutrition and Poverty:.

19. Poverty: the Double Burden of Malnutrition in Mothers and the Intergenerational Impact: Hélène Delisle.

20. Latent Effects of Prenatal Malnutrition on Adult Health: the Example of Schizophrenia: Ezra Susser, David St. Clair, and Lin He.

21. Food Security, Poverty, and Human Development in the United States: John T. Cook and Deborah A. Frank.

22. Diet and Health Outcomes in Vulnerable Populations: Joseph R. Sharkey.

23. Agriculture in Africa: Strategies to Improve and Sustain Smallholder Production Systems: Bashir Jama and Gonzalo Pizarro.

24. Building an Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa: Gary Toenniessen, Akinwumi Adesina, and Joseph DeVries.

Part VI: Education and Human Development:.

25. The Effect of Poverty on Child Development and Educational Outcomes: Patrice L. Engle and Maureen M. Black.

26. Long–Term Effects of Head Start on Low–Income Children: Jens Ludwig and Deborah A. Phillips.

27. Education for All: An Imperative for Reducing Poverty: Nicholas Burnett.

Part VII: Housing and Human Development:.

28. Housing and Health: Intersection of Poverty and Environmental Exposures: Virginia A. Rauh, Philip J. Landrigan, and Luz Claudio.

29. Social and Economic Aspects of Immigration: Rebecca L. Clark and Rosalind Berkowitz King.

30. Improving the Health and Lives of People Living in Slums: Shaanban A. H. Sheuya.

Part VIII: Social and Economic Determinants of Human Development:.

31. Role of Income and Family Influence on Child Outcomes: James J. Heckman.

32. Psychological Costs of Growing Up Poor: Eric Dearing.

33. Mandated Empowerment: Handing Antipoverty Policy Back to the Poor: Abhijit V. Banerjee and Esther Dulfo.

34. The Chinese Social Benefit System in Transition: Reforms and Impacts on Income Inequality: Qin Gao.

Part IX: Engineering and Technological Determinants of Human Development:.

35. Poverty, Energy, and Resource Use in Developing Countries: Focus on Africa: Daniel M. Kammen and Charles Kirubi.

36. Sustainable Transfer of Biotechnology to Developing Countries: Fighting Poverty by Bringing Scientific Tools to Developing–country Partners: Josefina Coloma and Eva Harris.

37. Delivery of Agricultural Technology to Resource–poor Farmers in Africa: Hodeba D. Mignouna, Mathew M. Abang, Gospel Omanya, Francis Nang ayo, Mpoko Bokanga, Richard Boadi, Nancy Muchiri, and Eugene Terry.

Index of Contributors

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Stephen G. Kaler
Owen M. Rennert
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