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Simulation and Modeling of Systems of Systems

  • ID: 2179204
  • Book
  • 392 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Systems engineering is the design of a complex interconnection of many elements (a system) to maximize a specific measure of system performance. It consists of two parts: modeling, in which each element of the system and its performance criteria are described; and optimization in which adjustable elements are tailored to allow peak performance. Systems engineering is applied to vast numbers of problems in industry and the military. An example of systems engineering at work is the control of the timing of thousands of city traffic lights to maximize traffic flow. The complex and intricate field of electronics and computers is perfectly suited for systems engineering analysis and in turn, advances in communications and computer technology have made more advanced systems engineering problems solvable. Thus, the two areas fed off of one another. This book is a basic introduction to the use of models and methods in the engineering design of systems. It is aimed at students as well as practicing engineers.

The concept of the "systems of systems" is discussed extensively, after a critical comparison of the different definitions and a range of various practical illustrations. It also provides key answers as to what a system of systems is and how its complexity can be mastered.

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Introduction xi

Chapter 1. Simulation: History, Concepts, and Examples 1Pascal CANTOT

1.1. Issues: simulation, a tool for complexity 1

1.2. History of simulation 14

1.3. Real–world examples of simulation 24

1.4. Basic principles 29

1.5. Conclusion 51

1.6. Bibliography 52

Chapter 2. Principles of Modeling 57Pascal CANTOT

2.1. Introduction to modeling 57

2.2. Typology of models 58

2.3. The modeling process 66

2.4. Simulation project management 91

2.5. Conclusion 94

2.6. Bibliography 94

Chapter 3. Credibility in Modeling and Simulation 99Roland RABEAU

3.1. Technico–operational studies and simulations 99

3.2. Examples of technico–operational studies based on simulation tools 101

3.3. VV&A for technico–operational simulations 102

3.4. VV&A issues 108

3.5. Conclusions 145

3.6. Bibliography 152

Chapter 4. Modeling Systems and Their Environment 159Pascal CANTOT

4.1. Introduction159

4.2. Modeling time 160

4.3. Modeling physical laws 163

4.4. Modeling random phenomena 166

4.5. Modeling the natural environment 178

4.6. Modeling human behavior 193

4.7. Bibliography 203

Chapter 5. Modeling and Simulation of Complex Systems: Pitfalls and Limitations of Interpretation 207Dominique LUZEAUX

5.1. Introduction 207

5.2. Complex systems, models, simulations, and their link with reality 209

5.3. Main characteristics of complex systems simulation 218

5.4. Review of families of models 228

5.5. An example: effect–based and counter–insurgency military operations 244

5.6. Conclusion 246

5.7. Bibliography 249

Chapter 6. Simulation Engines and Simulation Frameworks 253Pascal CANTOT

6.1. Introduction 253

6.2. Simulation engines 254

6.3. Simulation frameworks 260

6.4. Capitalization of models 290

6.5. Conclusion and perspectives 291

6.6. Bibliography 292

Chapter 7. Distributed Simulation 295Louis IGARZA

7.1. Introduction 295

7.2. Basic mechanisms of distributed simulation 305

7.3. Main interoperability standards 312

7.4. Methodological aspects: engineering processes for distributed simulation 326

7.5. Conclusion: the state of the art: toward substantive interoperability 331

7.6. Bibliography 331

Chapter 8. The Battle Lab Concept 333Pascal CANTOT

8.1. Introduction 333

8.2. France: Laboratoire Technico–Opérationnel (LTO) 336

8.3. United Kingdom: the Niteworks project 350

8.4. Conclusion and perspectives 351

8.5. Bibliography 352

Chapter 9. Conclusion: What Return on Investment Can We Expect from Simulation? 355Dominique LUZEAUX

9.1. Returns on simulation for acquisition 355

9.2. Economic analysis of gains from intelligent use of simulations 357

9.3. Multi–project acquisition 367

9.4. An (almost) definitive conclusion: conditions for success 368

9.5. Bibliography 371

Author Biographies 373

List of Authors 375

Index 377

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Pascal Cantot
Dominique Luzeaux
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