This valuable contribution to the debate about CRA and its place in the total risk governance process provides a catalog of suggested solutions for different categories of issues, offering a balanced overview backed by methodological examples. It considers CRA in the USA, Europe and Germany, using case studies to analyze and exemplify the decision–making processes and challenges involved.
Following an introductory section, the authors go on to look at the concepts and definitions of risk, as well as the practical implementation of CRA. Along the way, they consider the empirical foundations of CRA and a conceptual framework for an integrated comparative risk evaluation. They also study the practical lessons learned from the case studies, together with an in–depth discussion of the underlying scientific hypotheses. The whole is rounded off with appendices covering risk metrics, MCRA, a comparative evaluation of unclear risks and the risks of hazardous incidents.
Sound scientific knowledge for everyone who makes decisions, whether government ministers, regulators, or company directors.
CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS
Potential for Damage –
Incertitude and Uncertainty
CRA IN PRACTICE
CRA′s Political Environment
Projects Case Studies
THE EMPIRICAL FOUNDATIONS OF CRA
A Starting Point for Risk Comparisons
Risk Comparisons as a Means of Risk Communication
CRA Negotiations under Conflict
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR AN INTEGRATED COMPARATIVE RISK EVALUATION
Methodological Problems of a CRA
Methodology of Comparative Risk Evaluation
THE PRACTICAL IMPLEMENTATION OF CRA
Limits of Comparability
Goals of a Comparative Evaluation of Risks
The Sequence of Events in a CRA
The Organization of Communication
Multiattribute Comparative Risk Evaluation (MCRA)
Comparative Evaluation of Unclear Risks
The Comparative Evaluation of the Risks of Hazardous Incidents