Solid State Electrochemistry II. Electrodes, Interfaces and Ceramic Membranes

  • ID: 2180012
  • Book
  • 576 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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The one–stop reference source for fundamentals, advances and intriguing problems in solid–state electrochemistry. This important and rapidly developing scientific field integrates many aspects of conventional electrochemical science and engineering, materials science, solid–state chemistry and physics, heterogeneous catalysis and other areas of physical chemistry. The range of practical applications includes many types of batteries, fuel cells, electrochemical pumps and compressors, solid state electrolyzers and electrocatalytic reactors, synthesis of new materials with improved properties and corrosion protection, supercapacitors, accumulators, sensors, electrochromic and memory devices.

The second volume contains brief reviews dealing with the ionic memory and fuel cell technologies, ceramic membranes and composites, nanostructured ionic and mixed conductors, novel electrode materials for a variety of solid–state electrochemical cells, selected theoretical aspects, and numerous factors related to interfacial and surface processes, stability and reliability of the electrochemical appliances. As for the previous volume "Fundamentals, Materials and their Applications", particular emphasis is centered on the general methodological aspects, reference information and recent advances. Due to the highly interdisciplinary nature of the topic, this handbook is of great interest to industrial and academic researchers, engineers and postgraduate students specializing in all related areas of science and technology.
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Preface

IONIC MEMORY TECHNOLOGY

Introduction

Ionic Memory Switching Mechanisms

Materials for Ionic Memories

Electrical Characteristics of Ionic Memories

Architectures for Ionic Memories

Challenges of Ionic Memories

Applications of Ionic Memories

Summary

COMPOSITE SOLID ELECTROLYTES

Introduction

Interface Interactions and Defect Equilibria in Composite Electrolytes

Nanocomposite Solid Electrolytes: Grain Size Effects

Ionic Transport

Other Properties

Computer Simulations

Design of the Composite Solid Electrolytes: General Approaches and Perspectives

Composite Materials Operating at Elevated Temperatures

Conclusions

ADVANCES IN THE THEOETICAL DESCRIPTION OF SOLID–ELECTROLYTE SOLUTION INTERFACES

Introduction

Theoretical Approaches

Computer Simulations

DYNAMICAL INSTABILITIES IN ELECTROCHEMICAL PROCESSES

Introduction

Origin and Classification of Dynamical Instabilities in Electrochemical Systems

Methodology

Dynamics

Control of Dynamics

Toward Applications

Summary and Outlook

FUEL CELLS: ADVANCES AND CHALLENGES

Introduction

Alkaline and Alkaline Membrane Fuel Cells

Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells

Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells and Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Emerging Fuel Cells

Applications of Fuel Cells

Final Remarks

ELECTRODES FOR HIGH–TEMPERATURE ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS: NOVEL MATERIALS AND RECENT TRENDS

Introduction

General Comments

Novel Cathode Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Selected Trends and Compositions

Oxide and Cermet SOFC Anodes: Relevant Trends

Other Fuel Cell Concepts: Single–Chamber, Micro–, and Symmetrical SOFCs

Alternative Fuels: Direct Hydrocarbon and Direct Carbon SOFCs

Electrode Materials for High–Temperature Fuel Cells with Proton–Conducting Electrolytes

Electrolyzers, Reactors, and Other Applications Based on Oxygen Ion– and Proton–Conducting Solid Electrolytes

Concluding Remarks

ADVANCES IN FABRICATION, CHARACTERIZATION, TESTING, AND DIAGNOSIS OF HIGH–PERFORMANCE ELECTRODES FOR PEM FUEL CELLS

Introduction

Advanced Fabrication Methods for High–Performance Electrodes

Characterization of PEM Fuel Cell Electrodes

Testing and Diagnosis of PEM Fuel Cell Electrodes

Final Comments

NANOSTRUCTURED ELECTRODES FOR LITHIUM ION BATTERIES

Introduction

Positive Electrodes: Nanoparticles, Nanoarchitectures, and Coatings

Negative Electrodes

Concluding Remarks

MATERIALS SCIENCE ASPECTS RELEVANT FOR HIGH–TEMPERATURE ELECTROCHEMISTRY

Introduction

Powder Preparation, Forming Processes, and Sintering Phenomena

Cation Diffusion

Thermomechanical Stability

Thermodynamic Stability of Materials

OXYGEN– AND HYDROGEN–PERMEABLE DENSE CERAMIC MEMBRANES

Introduction

Structure of Membrane Materials

Synthesis and Permeation Experimental Methods

Gas Permeation Models

Characteristics of Oxygen–Permeable Membranes

Characteristics of Hydrogen–Permeable Membranes

Applications of Membranes

Summary and Conclusions

INTERFACIAL PHENOMENA IN MIXED CONDUCTING MEMBRANES: SURFACE OXYGEN EXCHANGE– AND MICROSTRUCTURE–RELATED FACTORS

Introduction

Surface Exchange

Microstructural Effects in Mixed Conducting Membranes

Thermodynamic and Kinetic Stability

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Vladislav Kharton is a principal investigator at the Department of Ceramics and Glass Engineering, University of Aveiro (Portugal). Having received his doctoral degree in physical chemistry from the Belarus State University in 1993, he has published over 280 scientific papers in international SCI journals, including 10 reviews, and coauthored over 40 papers in other refereed journals and volumes, 3 books and 2 patents. He is a topical editor of the Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, regional editor of Recent Patents on Material Science, and member of the editorial boards of Materials Letters, The Open Condensed Matter Physics Journal, and Processing and Application of Ceramics. In 2004, he received the Portuguese Science Foundation prize for Scientific Excellence.
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