Solid State Electrochemistry. Two Volume Set

  • ID: 2180018
  • Book
  • 950 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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The one–stop reference source for all questions about solid–state electrochemistry. This important and rapidly developing scientific field integrates many aspects of the solid–state chemistry, solid–state physics, materials science and catalysis related to electrochemical processes. Its key applications include batteries, fuel cells, electrochemical pumps and compressors, gas separation membranes, solid–state electrolyzers, electrocatalytic reactors, super–capacitors, electrochromic and memory devices, various sensors, corrosion protection, and synthesis of new materials with improved properties.

The only comprehensive handbook on this important and rapidly developing topic combines fundamental information with a brief overview of recent advances in the field. Particular attention is focused on the most important developments performed during the last decade, methodological and theoretical aspects of solid–state electrochemistry, as well as practical applications. The highly experienced editor has included chapters with critical reviews of theoretical approaches, experimental methods and modeling techniques, providing definitions and explaining the relevant terminology as necessary. Several other chapters cover all the key groups of the ion–conducting solids important for practice, namely cationic, protonic, oxygen–anionic and mixed conductors, but also conducting polymer and hybrid materials.

Due to the very interdisciplinary nature of the topic, this ready reference is of great interest to material scientists, polymer chemists, physicists, and industrial scientists, too.

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Preface

FUNDAMENTALS, APPLICATIONS AND PERSPECTIVES OF SOLID STATE ELECTROCHEMISTRY –

A SYNOPSIS

Solid vs. Liquid State

Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Charge Carriers

Usefulness of Electrochemical Cells

Materials Research Strategies: Bulk Defect Chemistry

Materials Research Strategy: Boundary Defect Chemistry

Nanoionics

SUPERIONIC MATERIALS: STRUCTURAL ASPECTS

Techniques

Families of Superionic Conductors

Current Status and Future Prospects

DEFECT EQUILIBRIA IN SOLIDS AND RELATED PROPERTIES: AN INTRODUCTION

Defect Structure of Solids: Thermodynamic Approach

Basic Relationships between the Defect Equilibria and Charge Tranfer in Solids

Examples of Functional Materials with Different Defect Structures

ION–CONDUCTING NANOCRYSTALS: THEORY, METHODS AND APPLICATIONS

Theoretical Aspects

Applications and Perspectives

Experimental Methods

Review of the Current Experimental Data and their Agreement with Theory

Overview and Areas for Future Development

THE FUNDAMENTALS AND ADVANCES OF SOLID STATE ELECTROCHEMISTRY: INTERCALATION (INSERTION) AND DEINTERCALATAION (EXTRACTION) IN SOLID STATE ELECTRODES

Thermodynamics of Intercalation and Deintercalation

Kinetics of Intercalation and Deintercalation

Methodological Overview

SOLID STATE ELECTROCHEMICAL REACTIONS OF ELECTROACTIVE MICRO– AND NANOPARTICLES IN A LIQUID ELECTROLYTE ENVIRONMENT

Methodological Aspects

Theory

Examples and Applications

ALKALI METAL CATION AND PROTON CONDUCTORS: RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN COMPOSITION, CRYSTAL STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES

Principles of Classification and General Comments

Crystal–Chemistry Factors Affecting Cationic Conductivity

Crystal Structural Screening and Studies of the Conduction Paths

Conductors with Large Alkaline Ions

Lithium Ion Conductors

Proton Conductors

CONDUCTING SOLIDS: IN THE SEARCH FOR MULTIVALENT CATION TRANSPORT

Analysis of Trivalent Cation Transport

Search for Tetravalent Cation Conductors

OXYGEN ION–CONDUCTING MATERIALS

Oxygen Ionic Transport in Acceptor–Doped Oxide Phases: Relevant Trends

Stabilized Zirconia Electrolytes

Doped Ceria

Anion Conductors Based on Bi2O3

Transport Properties of Other Fluorite–Related Phases: Selected Examples

Perovskite–Type LnBO3 (B=Ga,, Al, In, Sc, Y) and their Derivatives

Perovskite–Related Mixed Conductors: A Short Overview

La2Mo2O9–Based Electrolytes

Solid Electrolytes with Apatite Structure

POLYMER AND HYBRID MATERIALS, THEIR ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND APPLICATIONS

Introduction

Fundamentals

Fluorinated Ionomer Membranes

Non–Fluorinated Ionomer Membranes

High Temperature PEMs

Conclusion

ELECTRONICALLY CONDUCTING POLYMERS

Solid Organic and Inorganic Electrochemically Active Materials for Galvanic Cells Operating at Moderate Temperatures

General Features of Doping–Induced Changes in Pi–Conjugated Polymers

HIGH–TEMPERATURE APPLICATIONS OF SOLID ELECTROLYTES: GAS ANALYSIS, PUMPING AND CONVERSION

Characteristics of a Current–Carrying Electrode on an Oxide Electrolyte

Operating Modes

Cell Materials

Cell Designs

Examples of Applications

ELECTROCHEMICAL SENSORS: FUNDAMENTALS, KEY MATERIALS AND APPLICATIONS

Operation Principles

Materials Challenges

Applications

Interfacial Phenomena in Electrochemical Cells with Solid Electrolytes and Mixed Ionic–Electronic Conductors

Adsorption Phenomena: Selected Aspects

Surface Transport

Interfacial Processes in Fuel Cells and Ceramic Membranes

Grain Boundary Behavior of Micro– and Nanostructured Ion Conducting Ceramics

Composite Solid Electrolytes

Microelectrodes in solid state electrochemistry

Batteries and supercapacitors: state–of–the–art, problems and perspectives

Fuel cells: advances and challenges

Oxygen– and hydrogen–permeable ceramic membranes

Materials Science Aspects Relevant For High–Temperature Electrochemistry
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Vladislav V. Kharton
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