Introduction to Plasma Technology. Science, Engineering, and Applications

  • ID: 2180052
  • Book
  • 232 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Written by a university lecturer with more than forty years experience in plasma technology, this book adopts a didactic approach in its coverage of the theory, engineering and applications of technological plasmas.

The theory is developed in a unified way to enable brevity and clarity, providing readers with the necessary background to assess the factors that affect the behavior of plasmas under different operating conditions. The major part of the book is devoted to the applications of plasma technology and their accompanying engineering aspects, classified by the various pressure and density regimes at which plasmas can be produced. Two chapters on plasma power supplies round off the book.

With its broad range of topics, from low to high pressure plasmas, from characterization to modeling, and from materials to components, this is suitable for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and professionals in the field.

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1. PLASMAS, AN OVERVIEW

Plasma Energy Distribution

Plasma Sheaths

The Generalized Discharge Characteristic

Coupling Energy to a Plasma

Effect of Pressure

Frequency

Magnetic Fields

2. ELASTIC AND INELASTIC COLLISION PROCESSES IN GASES

Elastic Processes

Excitation and Ionisation Processes

3. THE INTERACTION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS WITH PLASMAS

Collective and Particle Behaviour of Plasmas

Charged Particles in Electromagnetic Fields

Behaviour of A Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field

The Defining Characteristics of a Plasma

Methods of Coupling Electrical Energy to Plasmas

4. APPLICATIONS OF LOW PRESSURE ELECTRIC DISCHARGES AND PLASMAS

Plasma Processes Used in Electronics Fabrication

Magnetically Enhanced Plasmas

The Cold Cathode Lamp

Barrier Discharges for Lamps and Lasers and Plasma Screens

Gas Lasers

Molecular Lasers

Electron and Ion Beams

Glow Discharge Nitriding

5. ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE DISCHARGES

The Townsend Discharge

Corona Discharges

Corona Discharges on Power Lines

Corona Used for Water Treatment

Electrostatic Charging Processes

Dielectric Barrier Discharges

Partial Discharges

Surface Discharges

The Atmospheric Pressure DC Glow Discharge

6. ARC PROCESSES

Arc Welding

Electric Arc Melting

Arc Gas Heaters

Electrodeless Discharges

High Pressure Discharge Lamps

Ion Lasers

Switchgear

Effect of Lightning on Overhead Lines

Magnetohydrodynamic Power Generation

Generation of Electricity by Nuclear Fusion

Natural Phenomena

Applications in Space Research

7. DIAGNOSTIC METHODS AND MODELLING

Probe Methods

Interferometry

Spectroscopic Methods

Scattering Measurements

8. PLASMA AS A CIRCUIT ELEMENT: THE PLASMA CHARACTERISTIC

9. ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLIES AND INSTRUMENTATION

Stabilisation at the Operating Point

The Transformer

Rectification

Instrumentation

Safety

10. ENGINEERING MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS

Electrodes

Insulators

Gases

Optical Materials

Vacuum Pumps and Instrumentation

Gas Supplies and Instrumentation

Water Cooling and Instrumentation
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John Ernest Harry has been involved with plasma research for more than fourty years. He has 120 scientific papers, three books and more than ten patents to his name. After a period in industry he joined Loughborough University, UK, as a Senior Lecturer for electrical engineering in 1972 and became Reader in Electric Discharges in 1985. In addition to his lectureships John Ernest Harry is Chief Executive of Plasma Systems Ltd, Kent, UK, and works with Loughborough University as a project consultant.
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