Metal-Fluorocarbon Based Energetic Materials

  • ID: 2180088
  • Book
  • 360 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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This exciting new book details all aspects of a major class of pyrolants and elucidates the progress that has been made in the field, covering both the chemistry and applications of these coompounds.

Written by a pre–eminent authority on the subject from the NATO Munitions Safety Information Analysis Center (MSIAC), it begins with a historical overview of the development of these materials, followed by a thorough discussion of their ignition, combustion and radiative properties. The next section explores the multiple facets of their military and civilian applications, as well as industrial synthetic techniques. The critical importance of the associated hazards, namely sensitivity, stability and aging, are discussed in detail, and the book is rounded off by an examination of the future of this vital and expanding field.

The result is a complete guide to the chemistry, manufacture, applications and required safety precautions of pyrolants for both the military and chemical industries.

From the preface:

"... This book fills a void in the collection of pyrotechnic literature... it will make an excellent reference book that all researchers of pyrolants and energetics must have..."

Dr. Bernard E. Douda, Dr. Sara Pliskin, NAVSEA Crane, IN, USA
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INTRODUCTION TO PYROLANTS

HISTORY

Organometallic Beginning

Explosive & Obscurant Properties

Rise of Fluorocarbons

Rockets Fired Against Aircraft

Metal/Fluorocarbon Pyrolants

PROPERTIES OF FLUOROCARBONS

Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)

Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE)

Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF)

Polycarbon Monofluoride (PMF)

Vinylidene Fluoride –

Hexafluoropropene Copolymer

Vinylidene Fluoride –

Chlorotrifluoroethylene Copolymer

Copolymer of TFE and VDF

Terpolymers of FE, HFP and VDF

Summary of Chemical and Physical Properties of Common Fluoropolymers

THERMOCHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF METALS AND THEIR FLUORIDES

REACTIVITY AND THERMOCHEMISTRY OF SELECTED METAL/FLUORCARBON SYSTEMS

Lithium

Magnesium

Titanium

Zirconium

Hafnium

Niob

Tantalum

Zinc

Cadmium

Boron

Aluminium

Silicon

Calcium Silicide

Tin

IGNITION AND COMBUSTION MECHANISM OF MTV

Ignition and Pre–Ignition of Metal/Fluorocarbon Pyrolants

Magnesium–Grignard Hypothesis

IGNITION OF MTV

COMBUSTION

Magnesium/Teflon/Viton

Porosity

Burn Rate Description

Combustion of Metal–Fluorocarbon Pyrolants with Fuels Other than Magnesium

Underwater Combustion

SPECTROSCOPY

Introduction

UV–VIS Spectra

MWIR Spectra

Temperature Determination

INFRARED EMITTERS

Decoy Flares

Nonexpendable Flares

Metal–Fluorocarbon Flare Combustion Flames as Sources of Radiation

Infrared Compositions

Operational Effects

Outlook

OBSCURANTS

Introduction

Metal–Fluorocarbon Reactions in Aerosol Generation

IGNITERS

INCENDIARIES, AGENT DEFEAT, REACTIVE FRAGMENTS AND DETONATION PHENOMENA

Incendiaries

Curable Fluorocarbon Resin–Based Compositions

Document Destruction

Agent Defeat

Reactive Fragments

Shockwave Loading of Metal–Fluorocarbons and Detonation–Like Phenomena

MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS

Submerged Applications

Mine–Disposal Torch

Stored Chemical Energy

Tracers

Propellants

SELF–PROPAGATING HIGH–TEMPERATURE SYNTHESIS

Introduction

Magnesium

Silicon and Silicides

VAPOUR–DEPOSITED MATERIALS

AGEING

MANUFACTURE

Introduction

Treatment of Metal Powder

Mixing

Pressing

Cutting

Priming

Miscellaneous

Accidents and Process Safety

SENSITIVITY

Introduction

Impact Sensitivity

Friction and Shear Sensitivity

Thermal Sensitivity

ESD Sensitivity

Insensitive Munitions Testing

Hazards Posed by Loose In–Process MTV Crumb and TNT

TOXIC COMBUSTION PRODUCTS

MTV Flare Composition

Obscurrant Formulations

Fluorine Compounds

OUTLOOK
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Ernst–Christian Koch
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