Functional Nanostructured Materials and Membranes for Water Treatment. New Materials for Sustainable Energy and Development

  • ID: 2180110
  • Book
  • 318 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Membranes have emerged over the last 30 years as a viable water treatment technology. Earth′s population is growing and the need for alternative ways to generate potable water is rising. The recent advent of nanotechnology opens the door to improving processes in membrane

technology, which is a promising step on the way to solving the earth′s potable water problem. Current performance is enhanced and new concepts are possible by engineering on the nanoscale. This book presents key areas of nanotechnology such as fouling tolerant and robust membranes, enhanced destruction of pollutants and faster monitoring of water quality.

′Functional Nanostructured Materials and Membranes for Water Treatment′ is part of the series on Materials for Sustainable Energy and Development edited by Prof. G.Q. Max Lu. The series covers advances in materials science and innovation for renewable energy, clean use of fossil energy, and greenhouse gas mitigation and associated environmental technologies.
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TARGET AREAS FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT FOR WATER TREATMENT AND DESALINATION

The Future of Water Treatment: Where Should We Target Our Efforts?

Practical Considerations for Nanotechnology Developers

The Water Treatment Market for New Nanotechnology

Purpose of This Book

Concluding Remarks

DESTRUCTION OF ORGANICS IN WATER VIA IRON NANOPARTICLES

Introduction

Nanoparticles as Catalysts

Advanced Oxidation Processes

Nano Zero–Valent Iron (nZVI)

Bimetallic nZVI Nanoparticles

Summary

PHOTOCATALYSIS AT NANOSTRUCTURED TITANIA FOR SENSING APPLICATIONS

Background

Fabrication of TiO2 Photoanodes

The Sensing Application of TiO2 Photocatalysis

The Sensing Application of TiO2 Photoelectrocatalysis

Photocatalytic Gas Sensing

Conclusions

MESOPOROUS MATERIALS FOR WATER TREATMENT

Adsorption of Heavy Metal Ions

Adsorption of Anions

Adsorption of Organic Pollutants

Multifunctional Modification of Sorbents

Photocatalytic Degradation of Organic Pollutants

Conclusions and Outlook

MEMBRANE SURFACE NANOSTRUCTURING WITH TERMINALLY ANCHORED POLYMER CHAINS

Introduction

Membrane Fouling

Strategies for Mitigation of Membrane Fouling and Scaling

Membrane Surface Structuring via Graft Polymerization

Summary

RECENT ADVANCES IN ION EXCHANGE MEMBRANES FOR DESALINATION APPLICATIONS

Introduction

Fundamentals of IEMs and Their Transport Phenomena

Material Development

Future Perspectives of IEMs

Conclusions

THIN FILM NANOCOMPOSITE MEMBRANES FOR WATER DESALINATION

Introduction

Fabrication and Characterization of Inorganic Fillers

Fabrication and Characterization of TFC/TFN Membranes

Membrane Properties Tailored by the Addition of Fillers

Commercialization and Future Developments of TFN Membranes

Summary

APPLICATION OF CERAMIC MEMBRANES IN THE TREATMENT OF WATER

Introduction

Membrane Preparation

Clarification of Surface Water and Seawater Using Ceramic Membranes

Ceramic Membrane Application in the Microfiltration and Ultrafiltration of Wastewater

Conclusions and Prospects

FUNCTIONAL ZEOLITIC FRAMEWORK MEMBRANES FOR WATER TREATMENT AND DESALINATION

Introduction

Preparation of Zeolite Membranes

Zeolite Membranes for Water Treatment

Conclusions and Future Perspectives

MOLECULAR SCALE MODELING OF MEMBRANE WATER TREATMENT PROCESSES

Introduction

Molecular Simulations of Polymeric Membrane Materials for Water Treatment Applications

Molecular Simulation of Inorganic Desalination Membranes

Molecular Simulation of Membrane Fouling

CONCLUSIONS: SOME POTENTIAL FUTURE NANOTECHNOLOGIES FOR WATER TREATMENT

Nanotubes

Graphene

Aquaporins

Metal–Organic, Zeolitic Imidazolate, and Polymer Organic Frameworks

Conclusions

INDEX

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Prof Mikel Duke has worked in membrane research for almost 10 years and has 36 peer–review publications in this field. He received his BE and PhD degree from the University of Queensland in environmental and chemical engineering and has worked at the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Functional Nanomaterials and Arizona State University since then. His focus is on development of ceramic membranes that operate at the molecular level by optimizing functional material parameters. He is the recipient of a prestigious Endeavour Executive Award and the founding chair of the Membrane Society of Australasia.

Professor Dongyuan Zhao is Cheung Kong Professor of the China Education Ministry, Vice Director of the Advanced Materials Laboratory at Fudan University and Visiting Professor at Monash University (Australia). He is an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. With over 350 peer–reviewed papers earning >20000 citations he is the 65th Most–Cited Scientist in Chemistry (according to ISI). His research interests are in the synthesis of porous materials and their application in catalysis, separation, photonics, sorption, environmental decontamination, sensors, etc.

Prof. Raphael Semiat is the Yitzhak Rabin Memorial Chair in Science, Engineering and Management of Water Resources at Technion – Israel Institute of Technology. He has wide industrial experience in research and development of chemical processes. His current interests and activities are centered on water technologies, including desalination, chemical–environmental processes and use of nano particles for removal of organic matter and heavy metals from water. He has published more than 140 papers in scientific journals.
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