The Structure of the Nucleon

  • ID: 2180167
  • Book
  • 303 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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As the only stable baryon, the nucleon is of crucial importance in particle physics. Since the nucleon is a building block for all atomic nuclei, there is a need to analyse the its structure in order to fully understand the essential properties of all atomic nuclei.

After more than forty years of research on the nucleon, both the experimental and theoretical situations have matured to a point where a synthesis of the results becomes indispensable. Here, A.W. Thomas and W. Weise present a unique report on the extensive empirical studies, theoretical foundations and the different models of the nucleon. The appendices provide an extensive summary of formulae needed in practical calculations.

From the contents: electromagnetic structure of the nucleon, weak probes of nucleon structure, deep inelastic lepton scattering on the nucleon; elements of QCD, aspects of non–perturbative QCD, Chiral Symmetry and nucleon structure, models of the nucleon
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Introduction

ELECTROMAGNETIC STRUCTURE OF THE NUCLEON

Elastic Electron Scattering

Electromagnetic Form Factors of the Nucleon

Nucleon Resonances

Compton Scattering

WEAK PROBES OF NUCLEON STRUCTURE

Matrix Elements of the Weak Currents

The Axial Matrix Elements in Charged Current Neutrino Reactions

Beta–Decay

Myon Capture

Near Threshold Pion Electroproduction

Neutral Current Interactions

DEEP–INELASTIC LEPTON SCATTERING ON THE NUCLEON

The Parton Model

Scaling Violations

Sum Rules

Neutrino Deep–Inelastic Scattering

Experimental Results for Unpolarised Targets

Spin Dependent Structure Functions

Qualitative Understanding of Parton Distributions

ELEMENTS OF QCD

Basic Lagrangian

Feynman Rules

Renormalization

The Renormalization Group

Deep Inelastic Scattering: Parton Model

Deep Inelastic Scattering within QCD

ASPECTS OF NON–PERTUBATIVE QCD

Symmetries, Currents and Anomalies

Structure of the QCD Vacuum: Brief Survey

QCD Sum Rules

Lattice QCD and the Nucleon

CHIRAL SYMMETRY AND NUCLEON STRUCTURE

Chiral Effective Field Theory

Baryon Masses and Sigma Terms

Chiral Low Energy Theorems

Summary: The Pion Cloud of the Nucleon

MODELS OF THE NUCLEON

Survey

Non–relativistic Quark Models

Soliton Models

Bag Models

Chiral Quark Models

Chiral Solitons

Final Remarks

App. A Notations and Conventions

App. B Cross Sections for Lepton and Photon Nucleon Scattering
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"... a guide to the subject rather than a comprehensive text. It is a book that would usefully sit open on the desk of all professionals in the field".

Gordon Baym, University of Illinois, Physics Today, June 2002
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