Optical Sensors. Basics and Applications

  • ID: 2180316
  • Book
  • 189 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Providing an overview of the necessary components and the range of applications from light–barriers to high–resolution surface–scanning interferometers, this is a valuable introduction to the technology of optical sensors as well as a reference for experienced practitioners.

The first part of the book introduces readers to the basics of sensor principles by describing the most important components that can be found in all optical sensors. Based on this opto–electronic toolbox, the second part then goes on to give numerous examples of optical sensors with respect to their applications.
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1 Introduction

Part I: The Optical Sensor Construction Kit

1. Light Sources

1.1 Important Properties of Light Sources

1.2 Thermal Light Sources

1.3 Line Sources

1.4 Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs)

1.5 Lasers

2. Photodetectors

2.1 Photomultipliers

2.2 Photodiodes

2.3 Other Detector Types

2.4 Imaging Detectors

2.5 Detector Noise

3. Optical Elements

3.1 Optical Materials

3.2 Mirrors and Lenses

3.3 Dispersive Elements: Prisms and Gratings

3.4 Filters

3.5 Polarizers

3.6 Optical Fibres

3.7 Modulators

Part II: Optical Sensors and their Applications

1. Eyes: The Examples of Nature

1.1 The Compound Eyes of Insects

1.2 The Human Eye

2. Optical Sensor Concepts

2.1 Switches

2.1.1 Light Barriers

2.1.2 Rain Sensor

2.2 Spatial Dimensions

2.2.1 Distance

2.2.2 Displacement

2.2.3 Volocity

2.2.4 Angular Velocity

2.3 Strain

2.4 Temperature

2.5 Species Determination and Concentration

2.5.1 Spectrometry

2.5.2 Polarimetry

2.5.3 Refractometry

2.5.4 Particle Density and Number

2.6 Surface Profile

2.6.1 Chromatic–confocal Sensors

2.6.2 Conoscopic Holography

2.6.3 White–light Interferometry

2.6.4 Near–field Optical Microscopy

2.6.5 Contouring: Structured–light Techniques

2.7 Deformation and Vibration Analysis

2.7.1 Laser Vibrometers

2.7.2 Speckle–pattern Interferometry

2.7.3 Holographic Interferometry

2.8 Wavefront Sensing and Adaptive Optics

2.9 Determination of the Sun Angle

2.10 Determination of Age

References

Glossary

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Jörg Haus
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