How Societies Embrace Information Technology. Lessons for Management and the Rest of Us

  • ID: 2180752
  • Book
  • Region: United States
  • 288 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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A truly global look at IT deployment and use

No technology in our history has spread as fast as computers and their digital technologies. In How Societies Embrace Information Technology, leading IT authority James Cortada examines how this phenomenon is shaping contemporary society, focusing on the role of corporations and governments. By revealing what history teaches about the adoption of information technologies, Cortada prepares business and government leaders to spot new trends and successfully develop strategies for implementing and managing emerging technologies. Coverage includes:

  • Summaries of the new best practices based on sixty years of historical experience, all research–based

  • How technology spread so quickly and completely across the globe

  • A look at the decision–making process of managers in the private and public sectors

  • How governments leverage IT to improve their national economies

  • An examination of the "Information Age" and whether it actually exists

  • The most current developments in IT

This authoritative reference is ideal for government policymakers and for private–sector managers who routinely make decisions to acquire and use information technology. It is also aimed at academics concerned with the sociology, history, economics, and the effects of IT on contemporary society, as well as business schools and engineering and IT professionals serving in management roles or interested in the managerial/user history of IT.

The author′s royalties on sales of this book will be donated to the IEEE Computer Society′s Educational Activities Board.

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Preface ix

1 Introducing the Big Picture 1

The presence of information technology 2

Megatrends at work 7

How societies use technology to shape their world 19

Notes and references 24

2 How Computers Spread Around the World So Fast 27

Definitions and issues 29

Government–supported/private–sector–driven model 33

National champion model 37

Asian private–sector–driven model 39

Planned economy: public policy model 42

Industry–driven model 48

Corporate diffusion model 51

Application diffusion model 57

Technology–standards diffusion model 59

Patterns, practices, and implications 61

Notes and references 65

3 How Governments Leverage Information Technologies to Improve Their National Economies 71

A brief historical reminder 72

Economic development in a connected world: the big picture 75

How governments use it to encourage economic development 77

What motivates governments to encourage their citizens and economies to use it? 91

Emerging strategies for the most advanced nations compared to rapidly advancing nations 96

The special role of labor 100

Global recession, twenty–first century style 102

Implications for public officials 106

Implications for business leaders 112

The way forward with policies and practices 116

Notes and references 122

4 How Managers and Officials Decide What Technology to Use 129

The kinds of decisions made by managers 131

Types of justification 135

Managerial practices 138

Some possible less effective practices 143

Special role of industries 149

Path forward 151

Notes and references 157

5 Adding Up the Results So Far: Do We Now Live in the Information Age? 163

Why naming an age is a useful exercise and so hard to do 165

What historians can teach us about the process 167

The case against the information age 173

Can we coexist on the frontiers of a new age? 175

Lessons for management and a strategy for change 179

Concluding thoughts 185

Notes and references 186

6 An Expanding Role for Scientists and Engineers 191

The rise of the computer scientist 192

Their role in modern society 197

When scientists and tech folk take things into their own hands 201

When technologists go green 204

Their future world 212

An old role made new 218

Notes and references 220

7 Looking Down the Road into the Twenty–First Century 223

How to see the future of an industry 225

Knowing how information technology is evolving 233

A strategy for managers and public officials 240

Special role of the computer science community 247

The ultimate trend 252

Notes and references 254

8 Keeping Up: Bibliographic Essay 257

The big picture 257

How computers spread around the world 259

Governments leveraging it for economic development 260

Deciding what technology to use 261

Living in the information age 263

Role of technologists 264

Into the twenty–first century 265

Index 267

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James W. Cortada
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