Volcaniclastic Sedimentation in Lacustrine Settings. International Association Of Sedimentologists Series

  • ID: 2181703
  • Book
  • Region: Global
  • 320 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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This volume presents a unique compendium of papers assessing the effects of volcanism on lakes, as recorded by the volcaniclastic sediments deposited within them. The unifying theme is that the effects of volcanism on lacustrine sedimentation are diverse and distinctive, and that volcaniclastic lacustrine sediments hold the key to understanding a range of processes and events that cannot be readily addressed by the study of any non–volcanic lakes.

Thirteen papers, with authors from nine countries, examine both modern and ancient eruption–affected lacustrine deposits. Volcanic eruptions affect lakes and their deposits in many ways, and these papers evaluate processes and products of volcanic eruptions within lakes, of tectonically impounded lakes strongly influenced by volcanism, of eruption–impounded lakes and of general factors controlling sedimentation of vitric ash and pumice. Tephrastratigraphic studies also take advantage of the exceptional preservation of thin laminae in quiet lakes to precisely date episodes in the evolution of long–lived lakes and their catchment areas, and to understand how volcanism affects normal lacustrine processes.

The volume as a whole is an unparalleled source of information on all aspects of the physical sedimentary results of volcanism in lacustrine settings, and serves as a complement to other studies concerned primarily with thermal and geochemical characteristics of lakes within volcanic craters.

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vii Preface

1 Introduction: styles and significance of lacustrine volcaniclastic sedimentationJ. D. L. White & N. R. Riggs

Eruptions and eruption–formed lakes

9 Lithofacies architecture and construction of volcanoes erupted in englacial lakes: Icefall Nunatak, Mount Murphy, eastern Marie Byrd Land, AntarcticaJ. L. Smellie

35 Eruptive process, effects and deposits of the 1996 and ancient basaltic phreatomagmatic eruptions in Karymskoye lake, Kamchatka, RussiaA. Belousov & M. Belousova

61 Eruption and reshaping of Pahvant Butte volcano in Pleistocene Lake BonnevilleJ. D. L. White

Sedimentation and re–sedimentation of pyroclastic debris in lakes

83 Influence of magmatism and tectonics on sedimentation in an extensional lake basin: the Upper Devonian Bunga Beds, Boyd Volcanic Complex, south–eastern AustraliaR. A. F. Cas, C. Edgar, R. L. Allen, S. Bull, B. A. Clifford, G. Giordano & J. V. Wright

109 Sedimentology and history of Lake Reporoa: an ephemeral supra–ignimbrite lake, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New ZealandV. Manville

141 Settling and deposition of ad 181 Taupo pumice in lacustrine and associated environmentsJ. D. L. White, V. Manville, C. J. N. Wilson, B. F. Houghton, N. R. Riggs & M. Ort

151 Post–1.8–ka marginal sedimentation in Lake Taupo, New Zealand: effects of wave energy and sediment supply in a rapidly rising lakeN. R. Riggs, M. H. Ort, J. D. L. White, C. J. N. Wilson, B. F. Houghton & R. Clarkson

179 Lacustrine–fluvial transitions in a small intermontane valley, Eocene Challis volcanic field, IdahoB. A. Palmer & E. P. Shawkey

199 Volcanic and hydrothermal influences on middle Eocene lacustrine sedimentary deposits, Republic Basin, northern Washington, USAD. R. Gaylord, S. M. Price & J. D. Suydam

Lakes as sensitive recorders of eruptions and the response of distal landscapes

225 Tephra layers in a sediment core from Lake Hestvatn, southern Iceland: implications for evaluating sedimentation processes and environmental impacts on a lacustrine system caused by tephra fall deposits in the surrounding watershedJ. Hardardóttir, Á. Geirsdóttir & T. Thórdarson

247 Late Pleistocene–Holocene volcanic stratigraphy and palaeoenvironments of the upper Lerma basin, MexicoM. Caballero, J. L. Macías, S. Lozano–García, J. Urrutia–Fucugauchi & R. Castañeda–Bernal

263 Environmental and tectonic controls on preservation potential of distal fallout ashes in fluvio–lacustrine settings: the Carboniferous–Permian Saar–Nahe Basin, south–western GermanyS. Königer & H. Stollhofen

285 Deposition of Mount Mazama tephra in a landslide–dammed lake on the upper Skagit River, Washington, USAJ. L. Riedel, P. T. Pringle & R. L. Schuster

299 Index

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James D. L. White
N. R. Riggs
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