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A Concise Manual of Pathogenic Microbiology

  • ID: 2181936
  • Book
  • December 2012
  • Region: Global
  • 208 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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A quick and concise source of information on the causal agents of common infectious diseases

Pathogenic microbiology is a highly developed branch of microbiology and while our understanding of the molecular aspects of microorganisms and the host microbe interactions has grown by leaps and bounds, our need for an old–fashioned source of information still exists. Presented by two authors with nearly a half–century of combined experience in pathogenic microbiology and infectious diseases, A Concise Manual of Pathogenic Microbiology is that necessary source.

A Concise Manual of Pathogenic Microbiology is a succinct account of the causal agents of most important and common infectious diseases. Divided into chapters based on broad taxonomic groupings or similarities between causal agents, the book lists important pathogenic taxa in each group, their natural habitats, the diseases they cause, microbiological highlights, laboratory diagnosis, and measures of prevention and control, including availability of vaccines and effective therapeutic agents.

Beginning with a basic introduction and terminologies, the book covers:

  • Host microbe interactions
  • Antibiotics and chemotherapeutic agents
  • Physical and chemical control of microorganisms
  • Gram–positive and –negative cocci, bacilli, and miscellaneous bacteria
  • Spirochetes and actinomycetes
  • Subcutaneous and systemic mycoses
  • Unicellular and multicellular parasites
  • Double– and single–stranded DNA and RNA viruses and prions

A Concise Manual of Pathogenic Microbiology will serve as an accessible reference for students, nurses, physicians, public health workers, and other health professionals in need of a reliable, quick reference on infectious diseases and their causal agents.

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Preface xi

About the Authors xiii

1 Introduction 1

Koch s Postulate 2

Terminology 3

Major Categories of Pathogenic Microorganisms 4

Transmission of Infectious Disease (Mode of Dissemination) 5

Universal Precautions 6

2 Host–Microbe Interactions 9

Resident Microbiota 9

Host Defenses 11

3 Antibiotics and Other Chemotherapeutic Agents 17

Classification of Antibiotics 17

Summary of the Mechanisms of Action 24

4 Antiseptics and Disinfectants 25

Physical Control of Microorganisms 25

Chemical Control of Microorganisms 27

5 Gram–Positive Cocci 31

Bacterial Taxonomy (An Overview) 31

Clinically Important Gram–Positive Cocci 32

Gram–Positive Cocci Related to Streptococcus Species 38

6 Gram–Positive Bacilli 41

Clostridium Species 41

Lactobacillus Species 46

Bacillus Species 46

Listeria Species 49

7 Gram–Positive Bacteria with Rudimentary Filaments 53

Corynebacterium diphtheriae 53

Mycobacterium Species 54

8 Gram–Negative Cocci 61

Neisseria Species 61

Moraxella catarrhalis 64

Haemophilus influenzae 65

An Overview of Gram–Negative Bacteria 67

9 Gram–Negative Bacilli 69

Specimen Collection 69

Media and Laboratory Diagnosis 69

Enterobacteriaceae 71

Glucose Nonfermenters 78

Uncommon Nonfermentative Taxa 81

10 Miscellaneous Gram–Negative Bacteria 83

Brucella melitensis 83

Bordetella pertussis 85

Francisella tularensis 86

Pasteurella Species 87

Vibrio cholerae 88

Aeromonas Species 90

Campylobacter Species 90

Legionella Species 92

Gardnerella vaginalis 93

Chlamydia Species 94

Rickettsia rickettsii 95

Bacteroides Species 96

Calymmatobacterium granulomatis 96

Cardiobacterium hominis 96

Streptobacillus moniliformis 96

Spirillum minus 97

11 Spirochetes and Bacteria without a Cell Wall 99

Spirochetes 99

Bacteria without a Cell Wall 103

12 Actinomycetes 107

Anaerobic Actinomycetes 108

Aerobic Actinomycetes 108

Thermophilic Actinomycetes 112

13 Introduction to Pathogenic Fungi and Superficial Mycoses 113

Yeast–Like Fungi 113

Molds or Filamentous Fungi 114

Dimorphic Fungi 114

Superficial Mycoses 115

Mucocutaneous Mycoses 121

14 Subcutaneous and Systemic Mycoses 125

Subcutaneous Mycoses 125

Systemic Mycoses 127

Diseases Caused by Dimorphic Fungi 127

Diseases Caused by Yeast–Like Fungi 135

Diseases Caused by Filamentous Fungi 138

Diseases Caused by Miscellaneous Filamentous Fungi 143

15 Unicellular Parasites 145

Laboratory Methods in Parasitology 145

Diseases Caused by Lumen–Dwelling Protozoa 146

Blood– and Tissue–Dwelling Protozoa 149

16 Multicellular Parasites 155

Lumen–Dwelling Helminths 155

Blood– and Tissue–Dwelling Helminths 161

17 Viruses and Prions 165

Laboratory Diagnosis 166

Double–Stranded DNA Viruses 166

Single–Stranded DNA Viruses 171

Double–Stranded RNA Viruses 171

Single–Stranded RNA Viruses 171

Prions 179

Bibliography and Suggested Reading 181

Index 185

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Saroj K. Mishra
Dipti Agrawal
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