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Sedimentology and Sedimentary Basins. From Turbulence to Tectonics. Edition No. 2

  • ID: 2182110
  • Book
  • January 2011
  • 784 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
The sedimentary record on Earth stretches back more than 4.3 billion years and is present in more abbreviated forms on companion planets of the Solar System, like Mars and Venus, and doubtless elsewhere. Reading such planetary archives correctly requires intimate knowledge of modern sedimentary processes acting within the framework provided by tectonics, climate and sea or lake level variations. The subject of sedimentology thus encompasses the origins, transport and deposition of mineral sediment on planetary surfaces.

The author addresses the principles of the subject from the viewpoint of modern processes, emphasising a general science narrative approach in the main text, with quantitative background derived in enabling ‘cookie’ appendices. The book ends with an innovative chapter dealing with how sedimentology is currently informing a variety of cognate disciplines, from the timing and extent tectonic uplift to variations in palaeoclimate. Each chapter concludes with a detailed guide to key further reading leading to a large bibliography of over 2500 entries. The book is designed to reach an audience of senior undergraduate and graduate students and interested academic and industry professionals.

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Preface, xi

Acknowledgements, xiii

Part 1: Making Sediment

Introduction, 1

1 Clastic sediment as a chemical and physical breakdown product, 3

2 Carbonate, siliceous, iron-rich and evaporate sediments, 27

3 Sediment grain properties, 57

Part 2: Moving Fluid

4 Fluid basics, 69

5 Types of fluid motion, 84

Part 3: Transporting Sediment

6 Sediment in fluid and fluid flow - general, 113

7 Bedforms and sedimentary structures in flows and under waves, 132

8 Sediment gravity flows and their deposits, 171

9 Liquefaction, fluidization and sliding sediment deformation, 198

Part 4: Major External Controls on Sedimentation and Sedimentary Environments

10 Major external controls on sedimentation, 213

Part 5: Continental Sedimentary Environments

11 Rivers, 245

12 Subaerial Fans: Alluvial and Colluvial, 282

13 Aeolian Sediments in Low-Latitude Deserts, 295

14 Lakes, 319

15 Ice, 344

Part 6: Marine Sedimentary Environments

16 Estuaries, 371

17 River and Fan Deltas, 386

18 Linear Siliciclastic Shorelines, 417

19 Siliciclastic Shelves

20 Calcium-carbonate–evaporite Shorelines,

21 Deep Ocean, 514

Part 7: Architecture of Sedimentary Basins

22 Sediment in Sedimentary Basins: A User’s Guide, 563

Part 8: Topics: Sediment Solutions to Interdisciplinary Problems

23 Sediments Solve Wider Interdisciplinary

Cookies, 646

Maths Appendix, 697

References, 702

Index, 753

Colour plates fall between pp
402 and 403

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Mike R. Leeder University of East Anglia, UK.
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown