Using a common analytical framework for the analysis of national policies and specific case studies, it focuses on these central questions:
- Which privatisation policies have been pursued by governments, public and private landlords in European countries?
- Which management problems occur in privatised estates in Eastern and Western European countries?
- What innovative approaches have been developed to deal with management in such estates?
- What differences and similarities can be found in problems and responses between Western and Eastern European countries?
- To what extent can policies and practices be transferred between countries?
Individual chapters combine the theoretical and methodological discussions with empirical insights from reviewing particular case studies in different countries. The case studies highlight the diversity of post–privatization policies and their impact on organizational structure and built environment, as well as policy innovations.
Each chapter s case study examines:
- Policy/strategy: The way in which the management is being stimulated or carried out by government, landlords and/or individuals
- Financial resources: Private and public finance available and/or used for housing management
- Human resources: The available manpower, knowledge & skills
- Culture: The common values, standards and behaviour of the people and organisations involved in housing management and the behaviour
- Organisational structure: The institutional and/or organisational structure, division of tasks and responsibilities relating to various functions of housing management
- Legal framework: Legislation and procedures used to regulate housing management
- The built environment: The housing form and quality.
Drawing on the research findings and discussions in the comparative and case study sections, the concluding chapter provides insights into theoretical contributions, research needs, and the policy and planning agenda that will support better understanding of management challenges in housing estates with mixed ownership.
Part I CASE STUDIES FROM WESTERN EUROPE AND AUSTRALIA.
England, The Netherlands, France, Switzerland, Australia.
Part II CASE STUDIES FROM EASTERN EUROPE AND CHINA.
Serbia, The Czech Republic, Slovenia, Russia, Moldova, China.
POST–PRIVATISATION IN HOUSING: POLICY AND RESEACH AGENDA.
In order to facilitate cross–national analyses, all chapters are written according to the same general format. This format consists of four sections:.
Section 1: Description of national housing context in country X.
– a description of the national composition of the housing stock according to tenure, size, and dwelling type, supported by statistics;.
– a general description of the housing system: which organisations develop and manage the housing stock; what are government regulations for housing development and management concerning rent setting, allocations, sales, maintenance and renewal, and tenant involvement; how are the landlords supervised (by whom and on what basis); what financial support exists for housing management, renewal and development (exploitation grants, subsidies for renewals, government loans, government guarantees, housing grants)?.
– a general description of the situation on the housing market: shortages and surpluses according region, dwelling type, tenure and price.
– a reflection on the occurrence of housing problems, problematic neighbourhoods, vacancies, etc..
Section 2: Privatisation in country X.
– a reflection on the privatisation policies in the past decades;.
– description on the occurrence of privatisation, supported by statistics of the pace of privatisation (quantities);.
– a description of the conditions under which dwellings were sold: price and the division of management responsibilities between landlords and homeowner;.
– an analysis of the challenges for maintenance and renewal of the partly–privatised estates;.
– an analysis of the institutional, organisational, cultural, social and financial problems of management;.
– policies and (innovative) practices that have been or are being implemented to deal with these problems..
Section 3: Case study.
Describes one or more case studies of partly privatised estates. These cases may be selected on the basis of their representation of common problems and/or solutions in country X and/or on the basis of the innovative best practice approach that has been undertaken to deal with the problems. The section about the case study will consist of:.
– a description the estate (quality, division according to tenure, price, position on the housing market);.
– a reflection on the privatisation process (pace, background, conditions);.
– a description of social, functional and technical problems that occur in the estate and the problems of management, maintenance and renewal;.
– a reflection on to what extent the above problems are caused or increased by the privatisation;.
– a reflection on the initiatives that have been and will be undertaken to cope with the problems and their (expected) success..
Section 4: Conclusion.
Contains a brief summary of the chapter plus an outlook for the future problems/challenges.