Making Competitive Cities

  • ID: 2182154
  • Book
  • 376 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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You have heard the hype about creative cities and footloose knowledge workers   [this book] reveals what is happening on the ground, in cities and regions across Europe.  Drawing on a collaborative research program, this welcome contribution establishes a new benchmark for academic and policy debates in this fast–moving field.

Jamie Peck, Canada Research Chair in Urban & Regional Political Economy, University of British Columbia

In its excellent blend of empirical investigation and theoretical argument, Making Competitive Cities reveals the challenges presented to cities by the changing global economy and the disparate ways in which cities are transformed.

From the foreword by Susan S. Fainstein, Harvard University

Developing creative industries (arts, media, entertainment, architecture, publishing) and knowledge–intensive industries (ICT, R&D, finance, law) can give a city the competitive edge. This book offers significant new insights into the theoretical and practical understanding of the conditions necessary to stimulate creative knowledge cities. The editors consider the developments, experiences and strategies in 13 urban regions across Europe: Amsterdam, Barcelona, Birmingham, Budapest, Dublin, Helsinki, Leipzig, Milan, Munich, Poznan, Riga, Sofia and Toulouse. These urban regions have different histories and roles, include capital and non–capital cities of different sizes, and represent cities with different economic structures, as well as different cultural, political and welfare state traditions.

Through this wide range of examples, Making Competitive Cities informs the debate about creative and knowledge–intensive industries, economic development, and competitiveness policies. Contributors from 13 European institutions consider how far each of these metropolitan regions are developing as creative knowledge regions , what influences the nature of the emerging economy  and what policy can do to influence change.

As well as a systematic empirical comparison of developments related to these industries, the book examines the pathways that cities have followed, and surveys both the negative and positive impacts of different prevailing conditions.

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Foreword by Professor Susan Fainstein, Harvard University

Preface

Contributors

PART I INTRODUCTION

1 Making Competitive Cities: Debates and Challenges

Sako Musterd and Alan Murie

Debates and challenges

Sectors

Questions and theories

Regions and sources

Pathways, actors and policies

References

2 The Idea of the Creative or Knowledge–Based City

Sako Musterd and Alan Murie

Essential conditions for competitive cities

Hard conditions theory

Cluster theory

Personal networks

Soft conditions theory

Three parts

References

PART II PATHWAYS

3 Pathways in Europe

Denis Eckert, Alan Murie and Sako Musterd

Path dependency

Initial expectations and comparisons

The chapters to come

References

4 Stable Trajectories Towards the Creative Knowledge City?

Amsterdam, Munich and Milan

Anne von Streit, Marco Bontje and Elena dell Agnese

Introduction

The economic base and the creative knowledge economy

Development path: roots and current conditions of the

creative knowledge economy

Development paths: a synthesis and conclusion

References

5 Reinventing the City: Barcelona, Birmingham and Dublin

Veronica Crossa, Montserrat Pareja–Eastaway and

Austin Barber

Introduction

Historical context

The trajectory of industrial development

The state and policy intervention

The challenge of soft factors

Conclusions

References

6 Institutional Change and New Development Paths:

Budapest, Leipzig, Poznan, Riga and Sofia

Tadeusz Stryjakiewicz, Joachim Burdack and

Tamás Egedy

Introduction

Socio–economic characteristics of the study areas

Development pathways shaping the city profiles and the role of the systemic change

Determinants of development of the creative knowledge sector

Conclusions

Acknowledgements

References

7 Changing Specialisations and Single Sector Dominance:

Helsinki and Toulouse

Hélène Martin–Brelot and Kaisa Kepsu

Introduction

Setting the context Helsinki and Toulouse

Pathways to knowledge–driven economies

Knowledge driving economic development: sciences, industries and policies

Future challenges

Conclusion and discussion

References

PART III ACTORS

8 What Works for Managers and Highly Educated Workers

in Creative Knowledge Industries?

Sako Musterd and Alan Murie

Introduction

Three groups of actors and a range of conditions

The following chapters

References

9 Managers and Entrepreneurs in Creative and Knowledge–

Intensive Industries: What Determines Their Location?

Toulouse, Helsinki, Budapest, Riga and Sofia

Evgenii Dainov and Arnis Sauka

Introduction: places matter

Cities and the creative class: major conceptual challenges

Characteristics of the cities: a brief overview

Location decisions: individual trajectory considerations and hard factors

Location decisions: the role of soft factors

In–city location decisions

Capital city versus provincial city location decisions

Policymaking: soft , hard or other ?

Conclusions and implications

Acknowledgement

References

10 Transnational Migrants in the Creative Knowledge Industries:

Amsterdam, Barcelona, Dublin and Munich

Heike Pethe, Sabine Hafner and Philip Lawton

Introduction

Conceptualising transnational migrants and the

creative class

Places and potentials

The attractiveness of European metropolitan regions

Conclusion

Acknowledgments

References

11 Attracting Young and High–Skilled Workers: Amsterdam,

Milan and Barcelona

Montserrat Pareja–Eastaway, Marco Bontje and

Marianne d Ovidio

Introduction

Competing for young, highly skilled workers

Young and highly–skilled workers in European cities

The Amsterdam, Barcelona and Milan city–regions

Conclusions

References

12 Working on the Edge? Creative Jobs in Birmingham,

Leipzig and Poznan

Julie Brown, Robert Nadler and Michal Meczynski

Introduction: creative work precariousness, uncertainty

and risk?

Methodology

Insecure, casualised or long–term, sustainable employment?

Discussion

Conclusions

References

PART IV POLICIES

13 What Policies Should Cities Adopt?

Alan Murie and Sako Musterd

Introduction

What should cities do?

European cities

Which policy agendas?

Networking policy

The following chapters

References

14 Strategic Economic Policy: Milan, Dublin and Toulouse

Silvia Mugnano, Enda Murphy and Hélène Martin–Brelot

Introduction

Distinctive policy traditions

Existing strengths in creative knowledge policy

New strategic economic policy approaches

Key actors in entrepreneurial cities

Addressing barriers and obstacles

Conclusion and new challenges

References

15 Beyond Cluster Policy? Birmingham, Poznan and Helsinki

Caroline Chapain, Krzysztof Stachowiak and

Mari Vaattovaarra

Introduction

The cluster policy paradigm

The state of the creative and knowledge economy

Supporting the creative and knowledge economy: three approaches

Conclusions

Acknowledgments

References

16 Policies for Firms or Policies for Individuals? Amsterdam, Munich and Budapest

Zoltán Kovács, Heike Pethe and Manfred Miosga

Introduction

Do policies help in competition? a theoretical framework

Economic development and political conditions

The creative and knowledge sector and policies enhancing its development

Conclusions

References

17 New Governance, New Geographic Scales,

New Institutional Settings

Bastian Lange, Marc Pradel i Miquel and Vassil Garnizov

Introduction

Conceptual prerequisites: understanding governance in creative and knowledge industries

New governance dimensions

Professionalisation self–regulation and self–governance of new professions

Towards new geographical scales?

Governance approaches in Barcelona, Leipzig and Sofia

Knowledge–intensive industries in regard to governance perspectives

Conclusions

Acknowledgements

References

PART V SYNTHESIS

18 Synthesis: Re–making the Competitive City

Sako Musterd and Alan Murie

Introduction

A city is not a T–shirt

Multi–layered cities: the importance of pathways

Personal actor networks: key conditions

New governance approaches

Conclusion

References

Index

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Sako Musterd
Alan Murie
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