Historical Environmental Variation in Conservation and Natural Resource Management

  • ID: 2182184
  • Book
  • 352 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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For decades, conservationists and resource managers have believed that the long–term persistence of populations and ecosystems requires maintaining the conditions they have experienced in the past the historical range of variation. With the environment now changing rapidly, conditions in the future may be quite different from those in the past, leading to questions about whether past history is relevant to future conservation and management. In this book, both scientists and practitioners consider how historical knowledge can be used in conservation and resource management, with particular emphasis on forests. Although future environments may depart from their past range of variation, the recent and long–term history of populations and ecosystems has determined what they are today, knowledge that is important in assessing their resiliency and adaptability to future environmental changes.
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Contributors, vii

Foreword, x

Preface, xii

Acknowledgments, xiv

SECTION 1 BACKGROUND AND HISTORY, 1JOHN A. WIENS

1 Setting the stage: theoretical and conceptual background of historical range of variation, 3WILLIAM H. ROMME, JOHN A. WIENS, AND HUGH D. SAFFORD

2 Development of historical ecology concepts and their application to resource management and conservation, 19WAYNE PADGETT, BARBARA SCHRADER, MARY MANNING, AND TIMOTHY TEAR

SECTION 2 ISSUES AND CHALLENGES, 29HUGH D. SAFFORD

3 Challenges in the application of historical range of variation to conservation and land management, 32GREGORY D. HAYWARD, THOMAS T. VEBLEN, LOWELL H. SURING, AND BOB DAVIS

4 Historical ecology, climate change, and resource management: can the past still inform the future? 46HUGH D. SAFFORD, GREGORY D. HAYWARD, NICOLE E. HELLER, AND JOHN A. WIENS

5 What is the scope of "history" in historical ecology? Issues of scale in management and conservation, 63
JOHN A. WIENS, HUGH D. SAFFORD, KEVIN MCGARIGAL, WILLIAM H. ROMME, AND MARY MANNING

6 Native Americans, ecosystem development, and historical range of variation, 76GREGORY J. NOWACKI, DOUGLAS W. MACCLEERY, AND FRANK K. LAKE

7 Conservation and resource management in a changing world: extending historical range of variation beyond the baseline, 92STEPHEN T. JACKSON

SECTION 3 MODELING HISTORIC VARIATION AND ITS APPLICATION FOR UNDERSTANDING FUTURE VARIABILITY, 111ROBERT E. KEANE

8 Creating historical range of variation (HRV) time series using landscape modeling: overview and issues, 113ROBERT E. KEANE

9 Modeling historical range of variability at a range of scales: an example application, 128KEVIN MCGARIGAL AND WILLIAM H. ROMME

SECTION 4 CASE STUDIES OF APPLICATIONS, 147GREGORY D. HAYWARD

10 Regional application of historical ecology at ecologically defi ned scales: forest ecosystems in the Colorado Front Range, 149THOMAS T. VEBLEN, WILLIAM H. ROMME, AND CLAUDIA REGAN

11 Incorporating concepts of historical range of variation in ecosystem–based management of British Columbia′s coastal temperate rainforest, 166ANDY MACKINNON AND SARI C. SAUNDERS

12 Incorporating HRV in Minnesota national forest land and resource management plans: a practitioner′s story, 176MARY SHEDD, JIM GALLAGHER, MICHAEL JIMÉNEZ, AND DUANE LULA

13 Applying historical fire–regime concepts to forest management in the western United States: three case studies, 194THOMAS E. DEMEO, FREDERICK J. SWANSON, EDWARD B. SMITH, STEVEN C. BUTTRICK, JANE KERTIS, JEANNE RICE, CHRISTOPHER D. RINGO, AMY WALTZ, CHRIS ZANGER, CHERYL A. FRIESEN, AND JOHN H. CISSEL

14 Using historical ecology to inform wildlife conservation, restoration, and management, 205BETH A. HAHN AND JOHN L. CURNUTT

15 River floodplain restoration experiments offer a window into the past, 218RAMONA O. SWENSON, RICHARD J. REINER, MARK REYNOLDS, AND JAYMEE MARTY

16 Streams past and future: fluvial responses to rapid environmental change in the context of historical variation, 232DANIEL A. AUERBACH, N. LEROY POFF, RYAN R. MCSHANE, DAVID M. MERRITT, MATTHEW I. PYNE, AND THOMAS K. WILDING

17 A framework for applying the historical range of variation concept to ecosystem management, 246WILLIAM H. ROMME, GREGORY D. HAYWARD, AND CLAUDIA REGAN

SECTION 5 GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES, 263JOHN A. WIENS

18 Ecological history guides the future of conservation: lessons from Africa, 265A.R.E. SINCLAIR

19 Ecological history has present and future ecological consequences case studies from Australia, 273DAVID LINDENMAYER

20 A view from the past to the future, 281KEITH J. KIRBY

21 Is the historical range of variation relevant to rangeland management? 289BRANDON T. BESTELMEYER

22 Knowing the Fennoscandian taiga: ecohistorical lessons, 297YRJÖ HAILA

SECTION 6 CHALLENGES FOR THE FUTURE, 305

23 Reflections on the relevance of history in a nonstationary world, 307JULIO L. BETANCOURT

24 The growing importance of the past in managing ecosystems of the future, 319HUGH D. SAFFORD, JOHN A. WIENS, AND GREGORY D. HAYWARD

Index, 329

Colour plate pages fall between pp
162 and 163

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The book provides a rich summary and critique of such ideas and approaches that will provide material both for under–graduate courses and for ecologists interested in the theory and practice of understanding historical ecological dynamics.   (Ecological Management & Restoration, 18 May 2015)

But each chapter provides guidance on how historical ecology may be fruitfully applied to specific cases of management giving the reader much hope for the future and for potential course corrections on the landscape.   (Landscape Ecol, 15 January 2015)

"Overall, a very useful reference for advanced students in conservation and ecosystem management as well as researchers and managers developing future adaptation plans.  Summing Up: Highly recommended.  Upper–division undergraduates and above.    (Choice, 1 March 2013)

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