Phytoremediation involves the use of vascular plants, algae, and fungi to remove and control waste or spur waste breakdown by microorganisms in the soil zone that surrounds and is influenced by the roots of plants. The diverse wastes that can be managed by using phytoremediation include xenobiotic organic chemicals, sewage, salts, nutrients, heavy metals, metalloids, and air pollutants. Phytoremediation: Transformation and Control of Contaminants provides an authoritative account of the history and the most recent developments of this exciting, emerging field.
Steven McCutcheon and Jerald Schnoor’s insightful book defines the current state of the science of phytoremediation and points the way to further possible applications. Site managers and engineers will receive guidance in selecting plants to clean up contaminated sites cost effectively, while plant ecologists and biochemists will appreciate the nuts and bolts analysis of how phytoremediation works, and suggestions of directions for research. The editors divide their one–of–a–kind text into seven clearly defined sections for easy reference:
- Overview of Science and Applications
- Fundamentals of Phytotransformation and Control of Contaminants
- Science and Practice for Aromatic, Phenolic, and Hydrocarbon Contaminants
- Transformation and Control of Explosives
- Fate and Control of Chlorinated Solvents and Other Halogenated Compounds
- Modeling, Design, and Field–Pilot Testing
- Latest Advances
Environmental, remediation, and site engineers; site managers; plant and soil scientists; ecologists; and environmental toxicologists, chemists, and microbiologists will find Phytoremediation: Transformation and Control of Contaminants to be an invaluable addition to their professional libraries.
Editorial Review Board.
SECTION I: OVERVIEW OF SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS.
1. Overview of Phytotransformation and Control of Wastes (S.C. McCutcheon and J.L. Schnoor).
2. Uptake and Metabolism of Organic Compounds: Green–Liver Model (J.G. Burken).
3. Making Phytoremediation a Successful Technology (N. Marmiroli and S.C. McCutcheon).
SECTION II: FUNDAMENTALS OF PHYTOTRANSFORMATION AND CONTROL OF CONTAMINANTS.
4. Some Fundamental Advances for Xenobiotic Chemical (J.–P. Schwitzguébel and T. Vanek).
5. Enzymes Used by Plants and Microorganisms to Detoxify Organic Compounds (N.L. Wolfe and C.F. Hoehamer).
6. Plant Tolerances to Contaminants (V.F. Medina, et al.).
7. Root Development and Rooting at Depths (M.C. Negri, et al.).
8. Measuring and Modeling Tree and Stand Level Transpiration (J.M. Vose, et al.).
SECTION III: SCIENCE AND PRACTICE FOR AROMATIC, PHENOLIC, AND HYDROCARBON CONTAMINANTS.
9. Transforming of Organic Contaminants by Different Plant Systems (H. Harms, et al.).
10. Ecology of Rhizosphere Bioremediation (P.E. Olson, et al.).
11. Biodegradation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in the Rhizosphere (S.L. Hutchinson, et al).
SECTION IV: TRTANSFORMATION AND CONTROL OF EXPLOSIVES.
12. Role of Plants in the Transformation of Explosives (M. Subramanian and J.V. Shanks).
13. Transformation Kinetics of Trinitrotoluene Conversion in Aquatic Plants (M.E. Jacobson, et al.).
14. Proof of Phytoremediation for Explosives in Water and Soil (S.C. McCutcheon, et al.).
15. Phytorestoration at the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant (P.L. Thompson, et al.).
SECTION V: FATE AND CONTROL OF CHLORINATED SOLVENTS AND OTHER HALOGENATED COMPOUNDS.
16. Sequestration and Transformation of Water Soluble Halogenated Organic Compounds Using Aquatic Plants, Algae, and Microbial Mats (V.A. Nzengung, et al.).
17. Fate of Trichloroethylene in Terrestrial Plants (T.Q. Shang, et al.).
18. Uptake, Metabolism, and Phytovolatilization of Trichloroethylene by Indigenous Vegetation: Impact of Precipitation (W.J. Doucette, et al.).
19. Multiple–Process Assessment for a Chlorinated–Solvent Plume (S.M. Eberts, et al.).
20. Five–Year Pilot Study: Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland (S.R. Hirsch, et al.).
SECTION VI: MODELING, DESIGN, AND FIELD PILOT TESTING.
21. Modeling and Design of Phytoremediation (L.C. Davis, et al.).
22. Hydrologic Feasibility Assessment and Design in Phytoremediation (J.W. Weaver, et al.).
23. Waste Management Using Trees: Wastewater, Leachate, and Groundwater Irrigation (J.L. Jordahl, et al.).
24. Salt Tolerant Plants to Concentrate Saline Waste Streams (M.C. Negri, et al.).
SECTION VII: LATEST ADVANCES.
25. Metabolism and Genetics of Atmospheric Nitrogen Dioxide Control Using Pollutant–Philic Plants (H. Morikawa, et al.).
26. Treatment of Atmospheric Halogenated Hydrocarbons by Plants and Fungi (P.M. Jeffers and C.D. Liddy).
27. Phytoremediation of Methyl Tertiary–Butyl Ether (S.K. Winnike–McMillan, et al.).
28. Phytoremediation of Cyanide–Polluted Soils (S.A.J. Trapp and H. Christiansen).
29. Phytoremediation of Perchlorate (V.A. Nzengung and S.C. McCutcheon).
30. Databases and Protocol for Plant and Microorganism Selection: Hydrocarbons and Metals (T.C. McIntyre).
31. Field Evaluation of Phytotechnologies (S.A.Rock).
Index of Name of Plants.