A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of Chemical Substances. 3rd Edition

  • ID: 2182561
  • Book
  • 1060 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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The definitive guide to the hazardous properties of chemical compounds

Correlating chemical structure with toxicity to humans and the environment, and the chemical structure of compounds to their hazardous properties, A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of Chemical Substances, Third Edition allows users to assess the toxicity of a substance even when no experimental data exists. Thus, it bridges the gap between hazardous materials and chemistry. Extensively updated and expanded, this reference:

  • Examines organics, metals and inorganics, industrial solvents, common gases, particulates, explosives, and radioactive substances, covering everything from toxicity and carcinogenicity to flammability and explosive reactivity to handling and disposal practices

  • Arranges hazardous chemical substances according to their chemical structures and functional groups for easy reference

  • Includes updated information on the toxic, flammable, and explosive properties of chemical substances

  • Covers additional metals in the chapters on toxic and reactive metals

  • Updates the threshold exposure limits in the workplace air for a number of substances

  • Features the latest information on industrial solvents and toxic and flammable gases

  • Includes numerous tables, formulas, and a glossary for quick reference

Because it provides information that enables those with a chemistry background to perform assessments without prior data, this comprehensive reference appeals to chemists, chemical engineers, toxicologists, and forensic scientists, as well as industrial hygienists, occupational physicians, Hazmat professionals, and others in related fields.

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Preface xix

Preface to the First Edition xxi

Acknowledgments xxiii


I. Introduction 3

II. Glossary 6

III. Physical Properties of Compounds and Hazardous Characteristics 9

IV. Toxic Properties of Chemical Substances 17

V. Target Organs and Toxicology 26

VI. Cancer–Causing Chemicals 40

VII. Teratogenic Substances 45

VIII. Habit–Forming Addictive Substances 49

IX. Flammable and Combustible Properties of Chemical Substances 65

X. Explosive Characteristics of Chemical Substances 71

XI. Peroxide–Forming Substances 76

XII. Chemical Warfare Agents 79

XIII. Biological Warfare Agents and Bioterrorism 90

PART B 103

Chapter 1 Acids, Carboxylic 105

Chapter 2 Acids, Mineral 115

Chapter 3 Acids, Peroxy 127

Chapter 4 Alcohols 134

Chapter 5 Aldehydes 160

Chapter 6 Alkalies 193

Chapter 7 Alkaloids 200

Chapter 8 Amines, Aliphatic 235

Chapter 9 Amines, Aromatic 251

Chapter 10 Asbestos 269

Chapter 11 Azo Dyes 277

Chapter 12 Chlorohydrins 286

Chapter 13 Cyanides, Organic (Nitriles) 294

Chapter 14 Cyanides, Inorganic 317

Chapter 15 Dioxin and Related Compounds 336

Chapter 16 Epoxy Compounds 348

Chapter 17 Esters 370

Chapter 18 Ethers 390

Chapter 19 Gases, Common Toxic, and Flammable 402

Chapter 20 Glycol Ethers 410

Chapter 21 Haloethers 425

Chapter 22 Halogenated Hydrocarbons 438

Chapter 23 Halogens, Halogen Oxides, and Interhalogen Compounds 470

Chapter 24 Heterocyclic Compounds 484

Chapter 25 Hydrocarbons, Aliphatic and Alicyclic 496

Chapter 26 Hydrocarbons, Aromatic 516

Chapter 27 Industrial Solvents 537

Chapter 28 Isocyanates, Organic 551

Chapter 29 Ketones 568

Chapter 30 Metal Acetylides and Fulminates 592

Chapter 31 Metal Alkoxides 598

Chapter 32 Metal Alkyls 602

Chapter 33 Metal Azides 613

Chapter 34 Metal Carbonyls 622

Chapter 35 Metal Hydrides 630

Chapter 36 Metals, Reactive 643

Chapter 37 Metals, Toxic 650

Chapter 38 Mustard Gas and Sulfur Mustards 669

Chapter 39 Nerve Gases 674

Chapter 40 Nitro Explosives 691

Chapter 41 Oxidizers 704

Chapter 42 Particulates 715

Chapter 43 Peroxides, Organic 719

Chapter 44 Pesticides and Herbicides: Classification, Structure, and Analysis 741

Chapter 45 Pesticides, Carbamate 746

Chapter 46 Pesticides, Organochlorine 762

Chapter 47 Pesticides, Organophosphorus 782

Chapter 48 Herbicides, Chlorophenoxy Acid 804

Chapter 49 Herbicides, Triazine 811

Chapter 50 Herbicides, Urea 817

Chapter 51 Phenols 821

Chapter 52 Phosphorus and Its Compounds 834

Chapter 53 Polychlorinated Biphenyls 854

Chapter 54 Radon and Radioactive Substances 863

Chapter 55 Sulfate Esters 867

Chapter 56 Sulfur–Containing Organics (Miscellaneous) 872

Chapter 57 Miscellaneous Substances 882

Appendix A Federal Regulations 899

Appendix B IARC List of Carcinogenic Agents (Update 2006) 916

Appendix C NTP List of Carcinogens (2004) 11th Annual Report 937

Chemical Substances CAS Registry Number Index 945

CAS Registry Number Chemical Substances Index 1015

Subject Index 1045

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" recommended for bookshelves in facility′s health and safety office as well as in the laboratory." (Journal of Chemical Health and Safety)

"This is a very comprehensive book containing much useful information (data and tables) which will enable those with a chemistry background to perform assessments of the hazards of chemical substances without prior data." (Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, January 2008)

" a valuable resource to scientists as well as to laymen interested in chemicals, their properties and their hazards." (Journal of Hazardous Materials, October 22, 2007)

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