Large-scale Complex System and Systems of Systems

  • ID: 2182830
  • Book
  • 468 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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With the growing maturity of information and communication technologies, systems have been interconnected within growing networks, yielding new services through a combination of the system functionalities. This leads to an increasing complexity that has to be managed in order to take advantage of these system integrations. This book provides key answers as to how such systems of systems can be engineered and how their complexity can be mastered.

After reviewing some definitions on systems of systems engineering, the book focuses on concrete applications and offers a survey of the activities and techniques that allow engineering of complex systems and systems of systems. Case studies, ranging from emergency situations such as Hurricane Katrina and its crisis management or a generic scenario of a major traffic accident and its emergency response, to the establishment of a scientific basis in the Antarctic region illustrate key factors of success and traps to avoid in order to cope with such situations.
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Author Biographies xi

Introduction xv

PART 1: ENGINEERING LARGE–SCALE COMPLEX SYSTEMS AND EMERGENCY SITUATION MANAGEMENT 1

Chapter 1. Engineering Large–scale Complex Systems 3
Dominique LUZEAUX

1.1. Introduction 3

1.2. The notion of service in large complex systems 7

1.3. Architecture: a key concept 11

1.4. Towards resilient systems 13

1.5. Development of relationships between participants 28

1.6. Complexity: plurality of viewpoints for systems engineering 35

1.7. The maintenance and logistics of systems of systems 59

1.8. Perspectives and lines of enquiry 61

1.9. Conclusion 79

1.10. Bibliography 82

Chapter 2. Management of Emergency Situations: Architecture and Engineering of Systems of Systems 85
Jean–René RUAULT

2.1. Introduction 85

2.2. Main concepts of systems engineering 86

2.3. Context of the emergency situation management scenario 89

2.4. Architecture of component systems of the system of systems 116

2.5. Conclusion 197

2.6. Acknowledgements 197

2.7. Bibliography 198

PART 2: CASE STUDY: ANTARCTICA LIFE SUPPORT FACILITY 205

Chapter 3. Introduction to the Antarctica Life Support Facility Case Study 207
Jean–Luc WIPPLER

3.1. Why Antarctica? 208

3.2. Fictional context of the study 209

3.3. Some data on the Antarctic and Adélie Land 212

3.4. Bibliography 213

Chapter 4. Finding the Right Problem 215
Philippe THUILLIER and Jean–Luc WIPPLER

4.1. What system are we dealing with? 216

4.2. System lifecycle 221

4.3. Who does the system involve? 226

4.4. Creating a working framework 228

4.5. Gathering information 229

4.6. Modeling the context 235

4.7. Understanding and defining goals 236

4.8. Modeling the domain 241

4.9. Defining stakeholder requirements and constraints 247

4.10. Things to remember: stakeholder–requirements engineering 251

4.11. Bibliography 252

Chapter 5. Who Can Solve the Problem? 255
Olivier KLOTZ and Jean–Luc WIPPLER

5.1. Consultation and selection 256

5.2. Responding (and winning) 262

5.3. Committing to a right definition of the system to be created 272

5.4. Creating the list of technical requirements 284

5.5. Things to remember: technical requirements engineering 290

5.6. Bibliography 291

Chapter 6. Solving the Problem 293
Charlotte SEIDNER and Jean–Luc WIPPLER

6.1. General approach 294

6.2. Functional design 297

6.3. Physical design 313

6.4. Interfaces 326

6.5. The playing fields of the systems architect 333

6.6. EFFBDs 336

6.7. Things to remember: architectural design 342

6.8. Bibliography 343

Chapter 7. Solving the Problem Completely, in a Coherent and Optimal Manner 345
Jean–François GAJEWSKI, Hélène GASPARD–BOULINC and Jean–Luc WIPPLER

7.1. Making the right technical decisions at the right level and the right time 347

7.2. Integrating disciplines 366

7.3. Bibliography 391

Chapter 8. Anticipating Integration, Verification and Validation 393
Daniel PRUN and Jean–Luc WIPPLER

8.1. Positioning integration, verification and validation 395

8.2. Integration, verification and validation in the system s lifecycle 403

8.3. Analyzing input 405

8.4. Establishing an integration, verification and validation strategy 407

8.5. Defining the infrastructure 419

8.6. Integration, verification and validation organization 422

8.7. Choosing techniques 423

8.8. Things to remember: integration, verification and validation 427

8.9. Bibliography 429

Chapter 9. Conclusion to the Antarctica Life Support Facility Case Study 431
Jean–Luc WIPPLER

9.1. Before we can manage a solution, we need to find one! 432

9.2. Modeling isn t drawing! 434

9.3. Implementing systems engineering  437

9.4. Acknowledgements 439

9.5. Bibliography 440

Conclusion 441

List of Authors 443

Index 445

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Dominique Luzeaux
Jean–René Ruault
Jean–Luc Wippler
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