Wear of Advanced Materials

  • ID: 2182851
  • Book
  • 216 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Recent advances into the wear of advanced materials

In general, wear is currently defined as the progressive loss of material from the operating surface of a body occurring as a result of relative motion at the surface . It is related to surface interactions and more specifically to the form of contact due to relative motion. Wear is rarely catastrophic but does reduce the operating efficiency of machine components and structures.  At this time of economic crisis, this is a very important field of study because of the huge impact the wear of materials has on the economy.

The purpose of this book is to present a collection of examples illustrating the state of the art and research developments into the wear of advanced materials in several applications.

It can be used as a research book for a final undergraduate engineering course (for example into materials, mechanics, etc.) or as the focus of the effect of wear on advanced materials at a postgraduate level. It can also serve as a useful reference for academics, biomaterials researchers, mechanical and materials engineers, and professionals in related spheres working with tribology and advanced materials.
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Preface xi

Chapter 1. Carbon Fabric–reinforced Polymer Composites and Parameters Controlling Tribological Performance 1
Jayashree BIJWE and Mohit SHARMA

1.1. Introduction to polymeric tribo–composites 3

1.2. Carbon fibers as reinforcement 6

1.3. Carbon fabric–reinforced composites 12

1.4. Tribo–performance of CFRCs: influential parameters 15

1.5. Concluding remarks 46

1.6. Bibliography 50

A1.1. Appendix I: Various techniques for developing CFRCs by compression molding 54

A2. Appendix II: Characterization methods for CFRCs 57

Chapter 2. Adhesive Wear Characteristics of Natural Fiber–reinforced Composites 61
Belal F. YOUSIF

2.1. Introduction 62

2.2. Preparation of polyester composites 67

2.3. Specifications of the fibers and composites 70

2.4. Tribo–experimental details 76

2.5. Summary 93

2.6. Bibliography 94

Chapter 3. Resistance to Cavitation Erosion: Material Selection 99
Jinjun LU, Zhen LI, Xue GONG, Jiesheng HAN and Junhu MENG

3.1. Cavitation erosion of materials a brief review 99

3.2. Measuring the wear resistance of a material to cavitation erosionby using a vibratory cavitation erosion apparatus 101

3.3. Material selection 108

3.4. Conclusion 115

3.5. Acknowledgement 116

3.6. Bibliography 116

Chapter 4. Cavitation of Biofuel Applied in the Injection Nozzles of Diesel Engines 119
Hengzhou WO, Xianguo HU, Hu WANG and Yufu XU

4.1. Introduction 120

4.2. General understanding of cavitation erosion 122

4.3. Hydraulic characteristics of cavitation flow 131

4.4. Influence of fuel property on cavitation 139

4.5. Cavitation erosion of biofuel in the diesel injection nozzle 146

4.6. Conclusion 155

4.7. Acknowledgments 156

4.8. Bibliography 157

Chapter 5. Wear and Corrosion Damage of Medical–grade Metals and Alloys 163
Jae–Joong RYU and Pranav SHROTRIYA

5.1. Introduction 164

5.2. Clinical studies and mechanistic investigation into implant failure 173

5.3. Residual stress development by rough surface contact 184

5.4. Conclusion 192

5.5. Bibliography 193

List of Authors 197

Index 201

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J. Paulo Davim
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