Solvents and Solvent Effects in Organic Chemistry. 4th, Updated and Enlarged Edition

  • ID: 2183285
  • Book
  • 718 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Now in its 4th edition, this remains the ultimate reference for all questions regarding the properties and effects of solvents in organic chemistry. Retaining its proven concept, the handbook is completely updated and contains 15% more content, including new chapters on "Solvents and Green Chemistry", "Classification of Solvents by their Environmental Impact", and "Ionic Liquids".

From the contents:

∗ Solute–Solvent Interactions

∗ Classification of Solvents

∗ Solvent Effects on the Position of Homogeneous Chemical Equilibria, on the Rate of Homogeneous Chemical Reactions and on Absorption Spectra of Organic Compounds

∗ Empirical Parameters of Solvent Polarity

An essential part of every organic chemist′s library.

"This book addresses the needs of all synthetic organic chemists, physical organic chemists, spectroscopists, even general chemistry teachers."

J. Elguero, Angewandte Chemie International Edition

"Because reactions in chemical and biochemical laboratories are mostly performed in solution, this book is highly recommended to all chemists or biochemists involved in teaching or research."

A. T. Balaban, Journal of the American Chemical Society

"... it is well worth the time of every organic chemist to read this book and learn how solvents influence the myriad phenomena of organic chemistry. It is also a superb reference book ... with the largest bibliography on solvents and solvent effects. – ... every practicing organic chemist should either onw a copy or have accesss to one."

R. Pagni, Journal of Chemical Education

"The book can be useful to specialists in the field of pure and applied chemistry and to students, both graduate and undergraduate, and to anyone studying solutions."

N. O. Mchedlov–Petrossyan, Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry
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INTRODUCTION

SOLUTE–SOLVENT INTERACTIONS

Solutions

Intermolecular Forces

Solvation

Preferential Solvation

Micellar Solvation (Solubilization)

Ionization and Dissociation

CLASSIFICATION OF SOLVENTS

Classification of Solvents According to Chemical Constitution

Classification of Solvents Using Physical Constants

Classification of Solvents in Terms of Acid–Base Behaviour

Classification of Solvents in Terms of Specific Solute/Solvent Interactions

Classification of Solvents Using Multivariate Statistical Methods

SOLVENT EFFECTS ON THE POSITION OF HOMOGENEOUS CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIA

General Remarks

Solvent Effects on Acid/Base Equilibria

Solvent Effects on Tautomeric Equilibria

Solvent Effects on other Equilibria

SOLVENT EFFECTS ON THE RATES OF HOMOGENEOUS CHEMICAL REACTIONS

General Remarks

Gas–Phase Reactivities

Qualitative Theory of Solvent Effects on Reaction Rates

Quantitative Theories of Solvent Effects on Reaction Rates

Specific Solvation Effects on Reaction Rates

SOLVENT EFFECTS ON THE ABSORPTION SPECTRA OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

General Remarks

Solvent Effects on UV/Vis Spectra

Solvent Effects on Infrared Spectra

Solvent Effects on Electron Spin Resonance Spectra

Solvent Effects on Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectra

EMPIRICAL PARAMETERS OF SOLVENT POLARITY

Linear Gibbs Energy Relationships

Empirical Parameters of Solvent Polarity from Equilibrium Measurements

Empirical Parameters of Solvent Polarity from Kinetic Measurements

Empirical Parameters of Solvent Polarity from Spectroscopic Measurements

Empirical Parameters of Solvent Polarity from Other Measurements

Interrelation and Application of Solvent Polarity Parameters

Multiparameter Approaches

SOLVENTS AND GREEN CHEMISTRY

Green Chemistry

Reduction of Solvent Use

Green Solvent Selection

Non–Traditional Solvents

Outlook

APPENDIX: PROPERTIES, PURIFICATION, AND USE OF ORGANIC SOLVENTS

Physical Properties

Purification of Organic Solvents

Spectroscopic Solvents

Solvents as Reaction Media

Solvents for Recrystallization

Solvents for Extraction and Partitioning (Distribution)

Solvents for Adsorption Chromatography

Solvents for Acid/Base Titrations in Non–Aqueous Media

Solvents for Electrochemistry

Toxicity of Organic Solvents

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Christian Reichardt
Thomas Welton
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