Scanning Probe Microscopy of Soft Matter. Fundamentals and Practices

  • ID: 2183336
  • Book
  • 661 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Well–structured and adopting a pedagogical approach, this self–contained monograph covers the fundamentals of scanning probe microscopy,

showing how to use the techniques for investigating physical and chemical properties on the nanoscale and how they can be used for a wide

range of soft materials. It concludes with a section on the latest techniques in nanomanipulation and patterning.

This first book to focus on the applications is a must–have for both newcomers and established researchers using scanning probe microscopy

in soft matter research.

From the contents:

∗ Atomic Force Microscopy and Other Advanced Imaging Modes

∗ Probing of Mechanical, Thermal Chemical and Electrical Properties

∗ Amorphous, Poorly Ordered and Organized Polymeric Materials

∗ Langmuir–Blodgett and Layer–by–Layer Structures

∗ Multi–Component Polymer Systems and Fibers

∗ Colloids and Microcapsules

∗ Biomaterials and Biological Structures

∗ Nanolithography with Intrusive AFM Tipand Dip–Pen Nanolithography

∗ Microcantilever–Based Sensors
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PART I: Microscopy Fundamentals

INTRODUCTION

SCANNING PROBE MICROSCOPY BASICS

Basic Principles of Scanning Probe Microscopy

Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

Advent of Atomic Force Microscopy

Overview of Instrumentation

Probes and Cantilevers in Scanning Probe Microscopy

Modes of Operation

Advantages and Limitations

BASICS FOR ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY STUDIES OF SOFT MATTER

Physical Principles: Forces of Interaction

Imaging in Controlled Environment

Artifacts in AFM Imaging of Soft Materials

Some Suggestions and Hints for Avoiding Artifacts

ADVANCED IMAGING MODES

Surface Force Spectroscopy

Friction Force Microscopy

Shear Modulation Force Microscopy

Chemical Force Microscopy

Pulsed–Force Microscopy

Colloidal Probe Microscopy

Scanning Thermal Microscopy

Kelvin Probe and Electrostatic Force Microscopy

Conductive Force Microscopy

Magnetic Force Microscopy

Scanning Acoustic Force Microscopy

High–Speed Scanning Probe Microscopy

PART II: Probing Nanoscale Physical and Chemical Properties

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF POLYMERS AND MACROMOLECULES

Elements of Contact Mechanics and Elastic Modulus

Probing of Elastic Moduli for Different Materials: Selected Examples

Adhesion Measurements

Visoelasticity Measurements

Friction

Unfolding of Macromolecules

PROBING OF MICROTHERMAL PROPERTIES

Introduction

Measurements of Glass Transition

Melting, Crystallization, and Liquid Crystalline Phase Transformations

Thermal Expansion of Microstructures

Surface Thermal Conductivity

CHEMICAL AND ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES

Chemical Interactions

Electrochemical Properties

Work Function and Surface Potential

Conductivity

Magnetic Properties

SCANNING PROBE OPTICAL TECHNIQUES

Fundamental Principles

Introduction to Scanning Near–Field Optical Microscopy

Examples of NSOM Studies of Polymers and Polymer Blends

Multicolor NSOM Measurements

Tip–Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy and Microscopy

AFM Tip–Enhanced Fluorescence

Integrating AFM with Fluorescence Optical Microscopy

Integrating AFM with Confocal Raman Microscopy

PART III: Scanning Probe Techniques for Various Soft Materials

AMORPHOUS AND POORLY ORDERED POLYMERS

Introduction

Glassy Amorphous Polymers

Rubbers

Polymer Gels

Interpenetrating Networks

ORGANIZED POLYMERIC MATERIALS

Crystalline Polymers

Liquid Crystalline Polymeric Materials

Periodic Polymeric Structures

HIGHLY BRANCHED MACROMOLECULES

Dendrimers and Dendritic Molecules

Brush Molecules

Hyperbranched Polymers

Star Molecules

Highly Branched Nanoparticles

MULTICOMPONENT POLYMER SYSTEMS AND FIBERS

Polymer Blends

Block Copolymers

Polymer Nanocomposites

Porous Membranes

Micro– and Nanofibers

ENGINEERED SURFACE AND INTERFACIAL MATERIALS

Brush Polymer Layers

Self–Assembled Monolayers

Adsorbed Macromolecules on Different Substrates

LANGMUIR–BLODGETT AND LAYER–BY–LAYER STRUCTURES

LbL Films

Langmuir–Blodgett Films

COLLOIDS AND MICROCAPSULES

Colloids and Latexes

Thin Shell Microcapsules

Replicas and Anisotropic Template Structures

Interfacial Interactions Between Particles and Surfaces

BIOMATERIALS AND BIOLOGICAL STRUCTURES

Imaging Adsorbed Biomacromolecules

Probing Specific Biomolecular Interactions

Mechanics of Individual Biomacromolecules

Single–Cell Elasticity

Lipid Bilayers as Cell Membrane Mimics

PART IV: Nanomanipulation, Patterning, and Sensing

SCANNING PROBE MICROSCOPY ON PRACTICAL DEVICES

Electrical SPM of Active Electronic and Optoelectronic Devices

Magnetic Force Microscopy of Storage Devices

NSOM of Electrooptical Devices and Nanostructures

Friction Force Microscopy of Storage Media and MEMS Devices

NANOLITHOGRAPHY WITH INTRUSIVE AFM TIP

Introduction to AFM Nanolithography

Mechanical Nanolithography

Local Oxidative Nanolithography

Electrostatic Nanolithography

Thermomechanical Nanolithography

DIP–PEN NANOLITHOGRAPHY

Basics of the Ink and Pen Approach

Writing with a Single Pen

Simultaneous Writing with Multiple Pens and Large–Scale DPN

MICROCANTILEVER–BASED SENSORS

Basic Modes of Operation

Thermal and Vapor Sensing

Sensing in Liquid Environment

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Vladimir V. Tsukruk
Srikanth Singamaneni
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