Organic Molecular Solids

  • ID: 2183426
  • Book
  • 438 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Research into the physical properties of organic solids, especially those containing conjugated pi–electron systems, has developed into an active and attractive sub–area of solid–state physics over the last few decades.

There are several reasons for this development. First of all, there is the enormous diversity of properties typical of organic solids, such as long–distance energy conduction via excitons without electric–charge transport. With the powerful methods of organic chemistry, it is possible to vary these properties over wide ranges with "tailor–made" molecules. Secondly, new applications are under development, such as organic light–emitting diodes and novel molecular electronics, which supplement electronic components based on inorganic semiconductors. Finally, organic solids represent a link between traditional physics and biological physics: Organic solid–state physics has made important contributions to the clarification of the elementary processes of photosynthesis, for example.

Organic Molecular Solids has been written for graduate students and researchers, but will also be an interesting and valuable information source for all physicists, physical chemists and chemists wishing to learn more about the fascinating variety of organic solids. This is an introduction to the fundamentals of this topic, featuring detailed references, reading lists and problems.

From the contents:

– Forces and Structures

– Purification of Materials, Crystal Growth and Preparation of Thin Films

– Impurities and Defects

– Molecular and Lattice Dynamics in Organic Molecular Crystals

– Electronic Excited States, Excitons, Energy Transfer

– Structure and Dynamics of Triplet States

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1. Introduction

2. Forces and structures

3. Purification of materials, breeding of crystals, and production of thin layers

4. Lattice impurity and structural defects

5. Molecular and lattice dynamics in organic molecular crystals

6. Electronic excitation states, excitations, and energy charge

7. Electron magnetic resonance and dynamic of triplet states

8. Organic semiconductors

9. High–conducting crystals and polymers, organic metals

10. Organic superconductors and organic ferromagnets

11. Specific methods: hole burning, single molecules, holography, non–linear optics

12. Opto–electronic applications: electroluminescence, photovoltaic, laser, xerography, switches

13. Towards molecular electronics
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This book is the ripe fruit of two fulfilled researchers′ lives and is brilliantly written. From decades of experience the authors can tell exactly which parts of their subject matter are fundamental and which are dispensable. They thoroughly present the basics of their carefully chosen topics and highlight essential achievements made in the pre–online era. The latest developments are being presented and sometimes described in detail, as e.g. in the chapter on space–charge–limited currents. [...] I wish the book the wide and interested readership it deserves. It should encourage advanced students to deal with this exciting part of solid state physics more intensively, it should provide postgraduate students with a well–founded knowledge as well as ideas for their own work, and it should broaden the knowledge of people already established in research.

Physik Journal 4(2005) Nr. 8/9

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