Generation X: Americans Born 1965 to 1976, 7th Edition

  • ID: 2205071
  • Book
  • Region: North America
  • 346 Pages
  • New Strategist Publications, Inc
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The new seventh edition of Generation X: Americans Born 1965 to 1976 tells the story of the small but vital generation spanning the ages of 36 to 47 in 2012. Although their numbers are small, lifestage dictates that Generation X is a vital part of the nations commerce and culture. People in their thirties and forties are in the crowded-nest years. They are supposed to be advancing in their careers, their incomes should be growing, and their spending should climb because of the expenses of children and teens. Generation X: Americans Born 1965 to 1976 shows how Gen Xers are coping with these demands and what to expect in the future.

New to this edition is all-important 2010 census population data, a unique comparison of the attitudes of the four generations of American adults based on the General Social Survey, the latest homeownership rates, time use by age and sex, trends in household spending and wealth since the Great Recession, and labor force statistics with projections to 2020.

Generation X: Americans Born 1965 to 1976 is designed for easy use. It is divided into 11 chapters, organized alphabeticallyattitudes, education, health, housing, income, labor force, living arrangements, population, spending, time use, and wealth.

One of the most distinct features of Generation X is its racial and ethnic diversity. Generation X: Americans Born 1965 to 1976 shows how Gen Xers are changing and what to expect from them in the future.
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Introduction

Chapter 1. Attitudes
Highlights
Boomers Are Most Likely to Say They Are Not Too Happy
Belief in Hard Work Is Strong Across Generations
Older Americans Are Doing Far Better than Middle-Aged or Younger Ones
The American Standard of Living Is Falling
Two Children Are Most Popular
Religious Diversity Is on the Rise
Growing Tolerance of Sexual Behavior
Television News Is Most Important
Most Support Abortion if a Mother's Health Is Endangered

Chapter 2. Education
Highlights
Generation X Is Highly Educated
Most Generation Xers Have Been to College
Nearly 32 Percent of Gen X Men Are College Graduates
Gen X Women Are Better Educated than Gen X Men
Among Gen Xers, Asian Men Have the Highest Educational Attainment
Among Women, Hispanics Are Least Likely to Be High School Graduates
Some Gen Xers Are Still in School
Gen Xers Account for Few College Students

Chapter 3. Health
Highlights
Most 35-to-44-Year-Olds Say Their Health Is Very Good or Excellent
Weight Problems Are the Norm for Gen Xers
Americans Report on Their Sexual Behavior
Fertility Rates Are Falling
Most Women Are Mothers by Age 30
Generation X Is at the End of the Childbearing Years
Many Generation X Mothers Are Not Married
Eighteen Percent of 35-to-44-Year-Olds Smoke Cigarettes
Twenty-two Percent of Generation Xers Lack Health Insurance
Health Problems Are Few in the 18-to-44 Age Group
Prescription Drug Use Is Increasing
Adults Aged 25 to 44 Account for One in Five Physician Visits
Many Americans Turn to Alternative Medicine
Many Deaths of Younger Adults Are Preventable

Chapter 4. Housing
Highlights
Homeownership Rate Has Declined
Homeownership Rises with Age

Married Couples Are Most Likely to Be Homeowners
Most Black and Hispanic Gen Xers Are Not Yet Homeowners
The Middle Aged Are Most Likely to Live in Single-Family Homes
About One in 10 Gen Xers Moves Annually

Chapter 5. Income
Highlights
Household Incomes of Gen Xers Have Declined
Household Income Rises with Age
Incomes Are Highest for Asian Households
Married Couples Have the Highest Incomes
Median Income of Men Aged 35 to 44 Is below 1990 Level
Seventy Percent of Gen X Men Work Full-Time
Nearly Half of Gen X Women Work Full-Time
Earnings Rise with Education
Poverty Rate Is below Average for Gen Xers

Chapter 6. Labor Force
Highlights
Gen Xers Are in Their Prime Working Years

More than 80 Percent of Generation Xers Are in the Labor Force
Asians Are Least Likely to Be Unemployed
Labor Force Participation of Gen X Women Varies by Race and Hispanic Origin
Most Generation X Couples Are Dual Earners
Generation Xers Are Overrepresented in Some Jobs
Few Gen Xers Work Part-Time
Self-Employment Is Uncommon among Gen Xers
Job Tenure Has Been Stable for Men Aged 35 to 44
Few Gen Xers Work for Minimum Wage
Few 35-to-44-Year-Olds Are Represented by Unions
Number of Workers Aged 45 to 54 Will Decline

Chapter 7. Living Arrangements
Highlights
Married Couples Head the Majority of Gen X Households
Hispanics and Blacks Head Many Gen X Households
Gen X Households Are Crowded
The Majority of Gen Xers Have Children at Home
Regardless of Race or Hispanic Origin, Gen Xers Are Busy with Children
Many Households Headed by Gen Xers Include Preschoolers
Two-Child Families Are Most Common
Gen Xers Account for Few People Who Live Alone
Most Gen Xers Are Married
Black Gen Xers Are Least Likely to Be Married
Divorce Is Highest among Older Men and Women

Chapter 8. Population
Highlights
Generation X Is Sandwiched between Larger Generations
Generation X Is More Diverse than Average
Many Gen Xers Live in Their State of Birth
Many 2011 Immigrants Were Generation Xers
Many Working-Age Adults Do Not Speak English at Home
Largest Share of Generation Xers Lives in the South

Chapter 9. Spending
Highlights
The Spending of Householders Aged 35 to 44 Has Fallen
Householders Aged 35 to 44 Spend More than Average

Chapter 10. Time Use
Highlights
Gen X Spends More Time at Work than at Play

Chapter 11. Wealth
Highlights
Net Worth Fell Sharply during the Great Recession
Financial Asset Value Declined in Most Age Groups
Non?nancial Assets Are the Basis of Household Wealth
Most Households Are in Debt
Retirement Worries Are Growing
Glossary
Bibliography
Index

Tables

Chapter 1. Attitudes
1.1 General Happiness, 2010
1.2 Happiness of Marriage, 2010
1.3 Is Life Exciting, Routine, or Dull, 2010
1.4 Trust in Others, 2010
1.5 How People Get Ahead, 2010
1.6 Geographic Mobility Since Age 16, 2010
1.7 Social Class Membership, 2010
1.8 Family Income Relative to Others, 2010
1.9 Satisfaction with Financial Situation, 2010
1.10 Job Satisfaction, 2010
1.11 Parents' Standard of Living, 2010
1.12 Standard of Living Will Improve, 2010
1.13 Children's Standard of Living, 2010
1.14 Ideal Number of Children, 2010
1.15 Spanking Children, 2010
1.16 Better for Man to Work, Woman to Tend Home, 2010
1.17 Working Mother's Relationship with Children, 2010
1.18 Should Government Help the Sick, 2010
1.19 Attitude toward Science, 2010
1.20 Attitude toward Evolution, 2010
1.21 Religious Preference, 2010
1.22 Degree of Religiosity, 2010
1.23 Belief in the Bible, 2010
1.24 Bible in the Public Schools, 2010
1.25 Premarital Sex, 2010
1.26 Homosexual Relations, 2010
1.27 Gay Marriage, 2010
1.28 Main Source of Information about Events in the News, 2010
1.29 Political Leanings, 2010
1.30 Political Party Af?liation, 2010
1.31 Favor or Oppose Death Penalty for Murder, 2010
1.32 Favor or Oppose Gun Permits, 2010
1.33 Legalization of Marijuana, 2010
1.34 Support for Legal Abortion by Reason, 2010
1.35 Doctor-Assisted Suicide, 2010

Chapter 2. Education
2.1 Educational Attainment by Generation, 2010
2.2 Educational Attainment of Generation Xers, 2010
2.3 Educational Attainment of Generation X Men, 2010
2.4 Educational Attainment of Generation X Women, 2010
2.5 Educational Attainment of Generation X Men by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2010
2.6 Educational Attainment of Generation X Women by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2010
2.7 School Enrollment by Sex and Age, 2010
2.8 College Students by Age and Enrollment Level, 2010

Chapter 3. Health
3.1 Health Status by Age, 2010
3.2 Average Measured Weight by Age and Sex, 2003–06
3.3 Weight Status by Sex and Age, 2007–10
3.4 Leisure-Time Physical Activity Level by Sex and Age, 2010
3.5 Lifetime Sexual Activity of 15-to-44-Year-Olds by Sex, 2006–08
3.6 Sexual Attraction among 18-to-44-Year-Olds, 2006–08
3.7 Sexual Orientation of 18-to-44-Year-Olds, 2006–08
3.8 Lifetime Same-Sex Sexual Activity of 15-to-44-Year-Olds, 2006–08
3.9 Fertility Rate by Age, 1990 to 2010
3.10 Number of Children Born to Women Aged 15 to 44, 2010
3.11 Women Giving Birth in the Past Year, 2010
3.12 Births by Age, Race, and Hispanic Origin, 2010
3.13 Births by Age of Mother and Birth Order, 2010
3.14 Births to Unmarried Women by Age, 2010
3.15 Cigarette Smoking Status by Age, 2008
3.16 Alcohol Use by Age, 2010
3.17 Illicit Drug Use by People Aged 12 or Older, 2010
3.18 Marijuana Use by People Aged 12 or Older, 2010
3.19 Health Insurance Coverage by Age, 2010
3.20 Private Health Insurance Coverage by Age, 2010
3.21 Government Health Insurance Coverage by Age, 2010
3.22 Spending on Health Care by Age, 2009
3.23 Spending on Health Care by Generation, 2009
3.24 Number of Adults with Health Conditions by Age, 2010
3.25 Distribution of Health Conditions among Adults by Age, 2010
3.26 Percent of Adults with Health Conditions by Age, 2010
3.27 Hypertension by Sex and Age, 1988–94 to 2007–10
3.28 High Cholesterol by Sex and Age, 1988–94 to 2007–10
3.29 Diabetes Diagnosis by Age, 2010
3.30 Cumulative Number of AIDS Cases by Sex and Age, through 2009
3.31 Prescription Drug Use by Sex and Age, 1988–94 to 2005–08
3.32 Spending on Prescription Medications by Age, 2009
3.33 Spending on Prescription Medications by Generation, 2009
3.34 Physician Of?ce Visits by Sex and Age, 2009
3.35 Hospital Outpatient Department Visits by Age and Reason, 2008
3.36 Emergency Department Visits by Age and Urgency of Problem, 2008
3.37 Rating of Health Care Received from Doctor's Of?ce or Clinic by Age, 2009
3.38 Rating of Health Care Received from Doctor's Of?ce or Clinic by Generation, 2009
3.39 Adults Who Use Complementary and Alternative Medicine by Age, 2007
3.40 Leading Causes of Death for People Aged 25 to 44, 2010
3.41 Life Expectancy by Age and Sex, 2010

Chapter 4. Housing
4.1 Homeownership by Age of Householder, 2000 to 2011
4.2 Owners and Renters by Age of Householder, 2011
4.3 Homeownership Rate by Age of Householder and Type of Household, 2011
4.4 Homeownership Rate by Age of Householder and Region, 2011
4.5 Homeownership by Age, Race, and Hispanic Origin, 2010
4.6 Number of Units in Structure by Age of Householder and Homeownership Status, 2010
4.7 Geographical Mobility by Age and Type of Move, 2010–11
4.8 Reason for Moving among People Aged 30 to 44, 2010–11

Chapter 5. Income
5.1 Median Income of Households Headed by People Aged 35 to 44, 1990 to 2010
5.2 Income of Households Headed by People Aged 35 to 44, 2010: Total Households
5.3 Income of Households Headed by People Aged 35 to 44, 2010: Asian Households
5.4 Income of Households Headed by People Aged 35 to 44, 2010: Black Households
5.5 Income of Households Headed by People Aged 35 to 44, 2010: Hispanic Households
5.6 Income of Households Headed by People Aged 35 to 44, 2010: Non-Hispanic White Households
5.7. Income of Households by Household Type, 2010: Aged 35 to 44
5.8 Income of Households by Household Type, 2010: Aged 35 to 39
5.9 Income of Households by Household Type, 2010: Aged 40 to 44
5.10 Median Income of Men Aged 35 to 44, 1990 to 2010
5.11 Median Income of Women Aged 35 to 44, 1990 to 2010
5.12 Income of Men Aged 35 to 44, 2010: Total Men
5.13 Income of Men Aged 35 to 44, 2010: Asian Men
5.14 Income of Men Aged 35 to 44, 2010: Black Men
5.15 Income of Men Aged 35 to 44, 2010: Hispanic Men
5.16 Income of Men Aged 35 to 44, 2010: Non-Hispanic White Men
5.17 Income of Women Aged 35 to 44, 2010: Total Women
5.18 Income of Women Aged 35 to 44, 2010: Asian Women
5.19 Income of Women Aged 35 to 44, 2010: Black Women
5.20 Income of Women Aged 35 to 44, 2010: Hispanic Women
5.21 Income of Women Aged 35 to 44, 2010: Non-Hispanic White Women
5.22 Earnings of Men by Education, 2010: Aged 35 to 44
5.23 Earnings of Women by Education, 2010: Aged 35 to 44
5.24 People below Poverty Level by Age, Race, and Hispanic Origin, 2010

Chapter 6. Labor Force
6.1 Labor Force Participation Rate by Sex and Age, 2000 to 2011
6.2 Employment Status by Sex and Age, 2011
6.3 Employment Status of Men by Race, Hispanic Origin, and Age, 2011
6.4 Employment Status of Women by Race, Hispanic Origin, and Age, 2011
6.5 Labor Force Status of Married-Couple Family Groups by Age, 2011
6.6 Occupations of Workers Aged 35 to 44, 2011
6.7 Workers Aged 35 to 44 by Detailed Occupation, 2011
6.8 Full-Time and Part-Time Workers by Age and Sex, 2011
6.9 Part-Time Workers by Sex, Age, and Reason, 2011
6.10 Self-Employed Workers by Sex and Age, 2011
6.11 Job Tenure by Sex and Age, 2000 and 2010
6.12 Long-Term Employment by Sex and Age, 2000 and 2010
6.13 Workers Earning Minimum Wage by Age, 2011
6.14 Union Representation by Sex and Age, 2011
6.15 Projections of the Labor Force by Sex and Age, 2010 and 2020
6.16 Projections of Labor Force Participation by Sex and Age, 2010 and 2020

Chapter 7. Living Arrangements
7.1 Households Headed by People Aged 35 to 44 by Household Type 2011: Total Households
7.2 Households Headed by People Aged 35 to 44 by Household Type, Race, and Hispanic Origin, 2011
7.3 Households Headed by People Aged 35 to 44 by Household Type, 2011: Asian Households
7.4 Households Headed by People Aged 35 to 44 by Household Type, 2011: Black Households
7.5 Households Headed by People Aged 35 to 44 by Household Type, 2011: Hispanic Households
7.6 Households Headed by People Aged 35 to 44 by Household Type, 2011: Non-Hispanic
White Households
7.7 Average Size of Household by Age of Householder, 2011
7.8. Households by Type, Age of Householder, and Presence of Children, 2011: Total Households
7.9. Households by Type, Age of Householder, and Presence of Children, 2011: Asian Households
7.10. Households by Type, Age of Householder, and Presence of Children, 2011: Black Households
7.11. Households by Type, Age of Householder, and Presence of Children, 2011: Hispanic Households
7.12. Households by Type, Age of Householder, and Presence of Children, 2011:
Non-Hispanic Households
7.13 Households by Presence and Age of Children and Age of Householder, 2011
7.14 Married Couples with Children by Number of Children and Age of Householder, 2011
7.15 Female-Headed Families with Children by Number of Children and Age of Householder, 2011
7.16 Male-Headed Families with Children by Number of Children and Age of Householder, 2011
7.17 People Who Live Alone by Age, 2011
7.18 Marital Status by Sex and Age, 2011: Total People
7.19 Marital Status by Sex and Age, 2011: Asians
7.20 Marital Status by Sex and Age, 2011: Blacks
7.21 Marital Status by Sex and Age, 2011: Hispanics
7.22 Marital Status by Sex and Age, 2011: Non-Hispanic Whites
7.23 Marital History of Men by Age, 2009
7.24 Marital History of Women by Age, 2009

Chapter 8. Population
8.1 Population by Age and Generation, 2010
8.2 Population by Age and Sex, 2010
8.3 Population by Age, 2000 and 2010
8.4 Number of People by Age, Race Alone, and Hispanic Origin, 2010
8.5 Number of People by Age, Race Alone or in Combination, and Hispanic Origin, 2010
8.6 Number of People by Generation, Race Alone or in Combination, and Hispanic Origin, 2010
8.7 Population by Age and Place of Birth, 2010
8.8 Foreign-Born Population by Age and World Region of Birth, 2010
8.9 Immigrants by Age, 2011
8.10 Language Spoken at Home by People Aged 18 to 64, 2010
8.11 Population by Age and Region, 2010
8.12 Regional Distribution of Population by Age, 2010
8.13 Age Distribution of Population by Region, 2010
8.14 Population by Generation and Region, 2010
8.15 State Populations by Age, 2010
8.16 Distribution of State Populations by Age, 2010
8.17 State Populations by Generation, 2010
8.18 Distribution of State Populations by Generation, 2010
8.19 State Populations by Age, Race Alone or in Combination, and Hispanic Origin, 2010

Chapter 9. Spending
9.1 Average Household Spending, 2000 to 2010
9.2 Average Spending by Householders Aged 35 to 44, 2000 to 2010
9.3 Average, Indexed, and Market Share of Spending by Householders Aged 35 to 44, 2010

Chapter 10. Time Use
10.1 Detailed Time Use of People Aged 35 to 44, 2010
10.2 Detailed Time Use of Men Aged 35 to 44, 2010
10.3 Detailed Time Use of Women Aged 35 to 44, 2010

Chapter 11. Wealth
11.1 Net Worth of Households, 2007 and 2009
11.2 Ownership and Value of Financial Assets, 2007 and 2009
11.3 Households Owning Transaction Accounts, Life Insurance, and CDs, 2007 and 2009
11.4 Households Owning Retirement Accounts and Stocks, 2007 and 2009
11.5 Households Owning Pooled Investment Funds and Bonds, 2007 and 2009
11.6 Ownership and Value of Non?nancial Assets, 2007 and 2009
11.7 Households Owning Primary Residence, Other Residential Property, and Nonresidential Property, 2007 and 2009
11.8 Households Owning Vehicles and Business Equity, 2007 and 2009
11.9 Debt of Households, 2007 and 2009
11.10 Households with Residential Debt, 2007 and 2009
11.11 Households with Credit Card Debt, Vehicle Loans, and Education Loans, 2007 and 2009
11.12 Retirement Con?dence, 2002 and 2012
11.13 Expected Age of Retirement, 2002 and 2012
11.14 Retirement Savings by Age, 2012

Illustrations

Chapter 1. Attitudes
Few Millennials trust others
Many Americans live in the same city as they did when a teenager
Older Americans are least likely to be dissatis?ed with their ?nances
Most still believe their children will be better off
Even among older Americans, a minority thinks traditional sex roles are best
Younger generations are less likely to be Protestant
Most Millennials support gay marriage
News sources differ dramatically by generation
Fewer than half of Americans in every generation favor allowing abortion for any reason

Chapter 2. Education
Generation X is better educated than Boomers
Among Generation Xers, more than one in 10 has a graduate degree
Most men aged 35 to 44 have at least some college experience
Most women aged 35 to 44 have at least some college experience
Education gaps point to continued socioeconomic differences
Among Gen X women, Asians have the highest educational attainment
Among 35-to-44-year-olds, women outnumber men in school
More than half a million graduate students are aged 35 to 44

Chapter 3. Health
Sixty percent of 35-to-44-year-olds say their health is excellent or very good
Most Gen Xers weigh more than they should
Women are more likely than men to report some same-sex attraction
Birth rate peaks in the 25-to-29 age group
Most women aged 25 or older have had at least one child
Women of Generation X account for few births
One in ?ve babies born to women aged 30 or older is out of wedlock
Most Gen Xers have never smoked
Many Americans under age 65 do not have health insurance coverage
The percent of people with diabetes rises with age
Most Gen Xers have prescription drug expenses
People aged 25 to 44 see a doctor between two and three times a year
The use of alternative medicine peaks in middle age
Cancer and heart disease are important causes of death among 25-to-44-year-olds

Chapter 4. Housing
After peaking in 2004, homeownership rate is down among 35-to-44-year-olds
Homeownership becomes the norm in the 35-to-39 age group
More than 70 percent of couples aged 35 to 44 own their home
More than 70 percent of non-Hispanic white householders aged 35 to 44 own their home
Most of the middle aged are in single-family homes
Twelve percent of 35-to-39-year-olds moved between 2010 and 2011

Chapter 5. Income
Since 2000, the median household income of Gen Xers has fallen by more than $6,000
Householders aged 35 to 44 have above-average incomes
The household incomes of Gen Xers vary by race and Hispanic origin
Incomes of Gen X couples are above average
The median income of Gen X men has plummeted
Among men aged 35 to 44, Hispanics have the lowest incomes
Among women aged 35 to 44, Hispanics have the lowest incomes
College bonus is big for Gen Xers
The poverty rate falls with age

Chapter 6. Labor Force
The labor force participation rate of men aged 35 to 44 has declined
Most men and women of Generation X are in the labor force
Unemployment rate varies by race and Hispanic origin
Labor force participation rate is highest among black women
Few Generation X couples are supported solely by the husband
People aged 35 to 44 account for a relatively large share of some occupations
Some part-time workers want full-time jobs
Few Generation Xers are self-employed
Fewer men aged 35 to 44 have long-term jobs
Half of minimum wage workers are under age 25
Few workers are represented by a union
Number of workers aged 45 to 54 will decline

Chapter 7. Living Arrangements
Married couples dominate Gen X households
Nearly one in three Gen X couples are Asian, black, or Hispanic
The nest is full for householders aged 35 to 44
Male-headed families are least likely to include children under age 18, but most do
Most Gen X households include children
Children are the norm for householders aged 35 to 44
Most Gen X couples have one or two children at home
Gen X men are more likely than Gen X women to live alone
Divorce climbs in the Gen X age group
Among 35-to-44-year-olds, Asian women are most likely to be married
More than one in ?ve adults have experienced divorce

Chapter 8. Population
Generation X outnumbers only older Americans
Fewer than two-thirds of Generation Xers are non-Hispanic white
Among the foreign-born, those from Mexico are the youngest
Immigrants aged 35 to 44 account for 19 percent of the 2011 total
Half of adults who speak Spanish at home cannot speak English very well
The Northeast is home to just 18 percent of Gen Xers

Chapter 9. Spending
The average Gen X household spends more than $50,000 a year
Householders aged 35 to 44 spend more than the average household on cereal

Chapter 10. Time Use
Time at work peaks in middle age

Chapter 11. Wealth
Net worth peaks among householders aged 55 to 64
The value of retirement accounts is modest, even in the older age groups
Median housing value peaks in the 45-to-54 age group
Education loans are common among young and middle-aged householders
Most workers are not planning on an early retirement
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"Although Generation X has received less publicity than its predecessor, the Baby Boom generation, it may well hold more critical insight into the future direction of the U.S. population. This work is a convenient, user-friendly, and authoritative location for information on Generation X."
- American Reference Books Annual

"Recommended for all libraries."
- Choice
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