The European Union nations have taken the lead in assisting the Mediterranean region in its quest to be synchronously interconnected to the European grid. The objectives of such a huge system of electric power interconnections include these:1) Provide increased levels of energy security to participating nations; 2) Defer or avoid construction of new power plants by importing/exporting electric power among nations;3) Balance the load and the demand for electric power across the region; and,4) Cut back on the primary electricity reserve requirements within each country.Organizational Involvement in the Development of the Med Ring Project:There are several international groups heavily involved in the development of the Med Ring interconnection project. Because of the implications of linking grids from one region to another region that have such different operational and technical characteristics, standards organizations, regional electrical associations, and even the European Union are necessarily involved parties to this development.
The reason for such high levels of involvement in reviewing grid interconnections is that the stability of existing mature networks in Western Europe is paramount to that highly electrified region. All new connections must be equally stable. European networks are highly meshed, consisting of high voltage lines, with high consumption and high density of consumers, and predictable load patterns. Grids in the Southern Mediterranean region are typically lower voltage grids, non-redundant, serving fewer loads, concentrated in highly urbanized areas, and strung out through the countryside at lower voltages.
The report provides information on the status and development of the Mediterranean Ring, a major international electric power interconnection project initially conceived of during the 1960s. It includes detailed discussions of the electric power infrastructure of the involved countries. It also contains several illustrations of the region and its electric power linkages, listings of current and planned links between countries, and descriptions of each of the associated technical and financial resource organizations involved in the Mediterranean Ring project.The following are topics covered in the report: - The Mediterranean Ring: Background and Status - The Gulf Cooperation Council sub region - Financing sources used for Med-related developments - Engineering consultants involved in the Med Ring project - Related Source developments and maps of Med Ring activities and sub regions - The Maghreb sub region - The Mashreq sub region - Current Status of interconnections - National Electric Authorities in the Med Ring countries - Control systems suppliers involved in the Med Ring project
Section Two: The Maghreb Sub Region
Section Three: The Mashreq Sub Region
Section Four: The Gulf Cooperation Council Sub Region
Section Five: Current Status of Interconnections
Section Six: Financing Sources Used for Med Ring Related Developments
Section Seven: National Electric Authorities in the Med Ring Countries
Section Eight: Engineering Consultants Involved in the Med Ring Project
Section Nine: Control Systems Suppliers Involved in the Med Ring Project
Section Ten: Related Source Documents and Maps of Med Ring Activities and Sub Regions