Presenting the latest research from leaders in the field of restoration ecology, Flood Pulsing in Wetlands reflects the current movement to incorporate flood pulsing into wetland restoration efforts. Emphasizing how integral flood pulsing is to successful wetland restoration, the book’s contributors provide descriptions of restoration projects across North America in which flood pulsing has been primarily used to restore beneficial hydrodynamic conditions to floodplain areas, and improve or save vegetation, wildlife, and terrain.
Detailing the importance and applicability of recreating flood–pulsed conditions on floodplains for successful restoration, the first chapter introduces the concept of flood pulse and its unique role in wetland restoration. The following chapters detail the strategies and results of individual projects and the impact flood pulsing had on the projects’ overall goals. Case studies detail the history of each region, such as the Southwest, including the Sonoran Desert communities and the Middle Rio Grande; the Missouri River in Montana; the Illinois River Valley; and the Southeast, including Brushy Lake, Arkansas. Also documented is the most famous case of flood pulsing used in the restoration of an entire landscape, the Kissimmee River project. Approaches used to restore specific plant and animal populations, the unique ecological concerns of each region, and the future outlook for each area are fully described.
Extensive bibliographies for each chapter make Flood Pulsing in Wetlands: Restoring the Natural Hydrological Balance the essential reference for restoration ecologists, consultants in wetland restoration, government and restoration agency employees, land managers, ecologists, foresters, and geologists.
Chapter 1: The Flood Pulse Concept in Wetland Restoration (Beth A. Middleton).
Chapter 2: Flood Pulses and Restoration of Riparian Vegetation in the American Southwest (Julie C. Stromberg and M. K. Chew).
Flood Patterns and Riparian Vegetation in the Desert Southwest.
Flood Pulses and Riparian Restoration.
Chapter 3: The Role of the Flood Pulse in Ecosystem–Level Processes in Southwestern Riparian Forests: A Case Study From the Middle Rio Grande (Lisa M. Ellis, Clifford S. Crawford, and Manuel C. Molles Jr.).
An Altered River: The Case of the Middle Rio Grande.
Consequences of the Altered River: Some Obvious Problems.
Research at Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge: Floods, Fire, and the Litter Connection.
Fire: Its Relationship to Flooding and Litter Buildup.
The Future: Restoration of the Flood Pulse.
Chapter 4: The Role of the Flood Pulse in Maintaining Boltonia decurrens, a Fugitive Plant Species of the Illinois River Floodplain: A Case History of a Threatened Species (M. Smith and P. Mettler).
The Flood Pulse and Boltonia Decurrens.
Adaptations to Cyclical Flooding.
Alteration of the Flood Pulse.
Restoration of the Flood Pulse to the Illinois River Valley.
Protection for B. decurrens Under the Endangered Species Act.
Policies and Prospects for the Future.
Chapter 5: Conservation and Restoration of Semiarid Riparian Forests: A Case Study from the Upper Missouri River, Montana (Michael L. Scott and Gregor T. Auble).
Riparian Forests in Dry Regions.
The Upper Missouri River, Montana: A Case Study.
Chapter 6: Implications of Reestablishing Prolonged FloodPulse Characteristics of the Kissimmee River and Floodplain Ecosystem (Louis A. Toth, Joseph W. Koebel Jr., Andrew G. Warne, and Joanne Chamberlain).
Hydrogeomorphology of the Kissimmee River Basin.
Flood Pulse Ecology.
Restoration of the Flood Pulse.
Chapter 7: Flood Pulsing in the Regeneration and Maintenance of Species in Riverine Forested Wetlands of theSoutheastern United States (Beth A. Middleton).
Hydrologic Reengineering of Forested Wetlands.
Regeneration Problems for Plant Species on Floodplains with Altered Hydrology.