Today, trades are electronic, fast, complex, mathematically generated, and, at times, controversial. The High–Frequency Game Changer tells how high–frequency trading automated, computerized trading is changing the stock market, andwhat it really means to investors and traders. The authors illustrate how to builda high–frequency trading system and trading team and detail how a firm can acquire the relevant tools, components, and trading talent to build a high–frequency desk. They explain the trading infrastructure, the different venues for traders, and provide examples of algorithms, as well as offering an intriguing look at what to expect in the future, including upcoming trends in technology and the future convergence of asset classes.
High–frequency trading is now part of the mainstream lore of the financial markets. With this book as your guide, you′ll be able to compete in the ongoing trading technology arms race and learn the secrets to finding the next generation of technology solutions.
Chapter 1 Birth of High Frequency Trading: Equity Markets Go Electronic.
Defining High Frequency Trading.
Who are the High Frequency Traders?
Impact of High Frequency Trading.
Building a High Frequency Trading Team.
Chapter 2 Market Structure.
Order Handling Rules of 1997.
Growth of Electronic Communication Networks.
Regulation National Market System.
Market Fragmentation versus Competition.
Chapter 3 Trading Infrastructure.
Rise of High Performance Technology Vendors.
Key Components of High Performance Infrastructure.
Chapter 4 Liquidity.
HFT as Liquidity Providers.
Chapter 5 Trading Strategies.
Examples of Algorithms.
High Frequency Trading and Predatory Strategies.
Chapter 6 Expansion in High Frequency Trading.
Foreign Exchange Market.
Over the Counter Derivtives.
Expansion into Global Markets.
Chapter 7 Positives and Possibilities.
Commoditizing High Frequency Trading.
Trading Technology Demands and Preferences.
Finding the Next Opportunity.
Issues and Risks.
Order Routing Gets Smart.
Smart Order Routing s Future.
Is Artificial Intelligence Next?
Securities and Exchange Commission Filings.
The Pseudo–Semantic Web.
The Next Wave.
Chapter 8 Credit Crisis of 2008: The Blame Game.
U.S. Federal Reserve.
End–Users of Derivative Products.
Recent Regulatory History.
Financial Modernization Act of 1999.
Commodity Futures Modernization Act of 2000.
Dodd Frank Wall Street Reform Act of 2010.
Ending Too Big to Fail Bailouts.
Creating Transparency and Accountability for Derivatives.
Credit Rating Agencies.
Executive Compensation and Corporate Governance.
Impact of Potential Regulations and Rule Changes Securities and Exchange Commission Concept Release.
Chapter 9 Conclusion.
About the Authors.
SANG LEE is a cofounder of Aite Group, LLC and currently serves as the managing partner. Mr. Lee′s expertise lies in the securities and investments vertical and has advised many global financial institutions, software/hardware vendors, and professional services firms in sell–side and buy–side electronic trading technology and market structure.
Lee and Zubulake have both been quoted extensively in the media, including in the Wall Street Journal, New York Times, the Washington Post, Financial Times, Business Week, Reuters, the Chicago Tribune, and other publications.