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Bender Gestalt Screening for Brain Dysfunction. 2nd Edition

  • ID: 2211760
  • Book
  • October 1998
  • 288 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Reviews of the First Edition . . .

"This is the first major manual on Bender Gestalt testing in over 30 years, and includes detailed administration and scoring instructions, and data on validity and reliability." —Epilepsia.

"This book will provide both psychologists and psychiatrists [with] a comprehensive yet easy–to–use manual for screening brain dysfunction." —Contemporary Psychiatry.

"Dr. Lacks should be complimented for her treatment of the use of the BGT in screening for organic brain dysfunction." —Book Reviews in Neurosciences.

Utilized for over 60 years by clinicians worldwide, the Bender Gestalt Test (BGT) today continues to be a widely used assessment tool to measure the cognitive domain of visuoconstructive abilities and to screen for brain dysfunction. Much of the BGT′s popularity rests on its brevity, simplicity, and proven effectiveness with individuals from age 4 to 100. The test is often employed in inpatient psychiatric settings because of its ability to discriminate between brain impairment and serious mental disorders like schizophrenia. More recently, the BGT has also been used to identify older adults at high risk for cognitive decline.

This Second Edition is fully revised and includes an up–to–date review of the relevant scientific literature on the test′s reliability, validity, and diagnostic accuracy. The book also contains additional normative data, a discussion of malingering, and almost all new examples and practice case materials. Five new chapters address issues in neuropsychological screening, eight steps to interpretation of test results, and use of the Bender Gestalt Test with children, adolescents, and older adults.

The book serves as a comprehensive manual for the administration, scoring, and interpretation of the Bender Gestalt Test. The diagnostic significance of general and specific behavioral observations is stressed and a format for recording them is included. For scoring, there are descriptions and multiple examples within the author′s adaptation of the 12 errors of the Hutt and Briskin scoring system. The reader can use the 12 varied clinical case examples with explication of the scoring and 10 additional practice cases to gain rapid scoring facility and accuracy. Norms are provided for adult non–patients and psychiatric inpatients, nonpatient and demented older adults, and adolescents.

Designed for practical use and adhering to APA standards for test manuals, Bender Gestalt Screening for Brain Dysfunction is a comprehensive and easy–to–use manual that will enable psychology clinicians, psychometricians, and graduate students to increase their level of diagnostic accuracy in screening for brain damage.

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Introduction to the Bender Gestalt Test.

Neuropsychological Screening.

Clinical Judgment Versus Objective Scoring Systems.


Description of the Scoring System.

Detailed Scoring Instructions and Examples.



Interpretation of Bender Gestalt Test Results.

Use of the Bender Gestalt Test with the Older Adult.

Use of the Bender Gestalt Test with Children.

The Bender Gestalt Test with Adolescents.

Selected Clinical Cases.

Summary and Conclusions.



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Patricia Lacks
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