The Water Desalting Planning Guide for Water Utilities offers practical guidance on the planning, design, and implementation of successful water desalination systems for decision–makers at public water utilities. Complete coverage ranges from vital background material on regulatory and standards issues to a wide range of insightful case studies illustrating how the latest processes work in the real world, including reverse osmosis, membrane technology, thermal technology, ion exchange, and freeze/thaw systems.
In a clear and easy–to–use format, the Water Desalting Planning Guide for Water Utilities covers the conversion of saline water sources and cost data, along with all the key issues a utility typically faces when implementing a desalting project, including:
- The pros and cons of most major treatment technologies
- System selection and demand analysis
- Concentrate disposal methods
- Estimating operation and maintenance costs
- Project delivery alternatives
- And much more
Packed with dozens of informative photographs and illustrations, Water Desalting Planning Guide for Water Utilities is an invaluable resource for water treatment engineers and operators, environmental professionals, and professional and civic groups involved with land permitting, zoning, and regulation.
Chapter 1: Introduction.
Development of Desalting Processes and Plant Inventory.
Chapter 2: Regulatory Issues.
Drinking Water Standards.
Environmental and Siting Issues.
Chapter 3: Treatment Technologies.
Applicability of Desalting Technologies.
Other Desalting Processes.
Chapter 4: Concentrate Disposal.
Concentrate Disposal Methods.
Chapter 5: Process Selection.
Treated Water Quality Goals.
Source Water Quality.
Product Water Posttreatment.
Chapter 6: Desalting Costs.
Definition of Capital Cost and Operation and Maintenance Cost.
Estimating Capital Costs.
Estimating Operation and Maintenance Costs.
Cost of Water.
Total Treated Water Costs.
Chapter 7: Project Implementation.
Defining the Project.
Obtaining Construction Bids.
Prepurchasing of Equipment.
Operating a Desalter.
Obtaining the Required Expertise.
Project Delivery Alternatives.
Comparison of Desalter Implementation Alternatives.
Case Study 1: Lavaca–Navidad River Authority Seawater Reverse Osmosis Facility.
Case Study 2: Two Years of Operating Experience at the Port Hueneme Brackish Water Reclamation Demonstration Facility.
Project Timeline and BWRDF Cost.
Two Years of Operation.
Comparison of Membrane System Performance.
Case Study 3: Desalting a High Total Dissolved Solids Brackish Water for Hatteras Island, North Carolina.
Case Study 4: Desalination for Texas Water Supply.
Reverse Osmosis Desalination Basic Concepts.
Tampa Bay Seawater Desalination Project.
Siting Issues Assessment.
Desalination Cost Impacts Identified.
Example Seawater Desalination Sites on the Texas Coast.
Case Study 5: Ultrafiltration as Pretreatment to Seawater Reverse Osmosis.
Conventional Seawater RO Pretreatment Options.
UF for Seawater RO Pretreatment.
Hollow Fiber Membrane Filtration.
Norit UF Technology.
Pilot Testing of UF on Seawater.
Results and Discussion.
Case Study 6: Performance and Economic Evaluation of a 16–Inch–Diameter Reverse Osmosis Membrane for Surface Water Desalting.
Results and Discussion.
Case Study 7: Membrane Integration for Seawater Desalting.
Tradition or Perdition?
The Road Less Traveled . . . .
For Want of a Map . . . .
A Bridge Across an Ocean . . . .
The Design of the Road . . . .
Coming Down the Home Stretch . . . .
The End of the Journey?
Case Study 8: Implementation of an Enhanced Multieffect Distillation Process for Seawater Desalination.
Commencement of the Design Effort: Early Design Basis Modifications.
The Huntington Beach Desalination Test Units.
Aluminum Evaporator Effects.
Project Cost Projections.
Glossary of Desalting Terminology.
AMERICAN WATER WORKS ASSOCIATION (AWWA) is the authoritative resource for knowledge, information, and advocacy to improve the quality and supply of drinking water in North America and beyond. The AWWA is the largest organization of water professionals in the world. The AWWA advances public health, safety, and welfare by uniting the efforts of the full spectrum of the drinking water community.