Accounting Policies and Procedures Manual. A Blueprint for Running an Effective and Efficient Department. 5th Edition

  • ID: 2213578
  • Book
  • 544 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Now in a fifth edition,
Accounting Policies and Procedures Manual: A Blueprint for Running an Effective and Efficient Department is a how–to guide on creating an effective and efficient accounting department policies and procedures manual.

Written by Steven Bragg, the foremost authority in accounting and controllership issues, the new edition includes:

- A new, complimentary Web site providing readers with the foundation for creating or enhancing their accounting department policies and procedures manual
- More coverage of accounting procedures including inventory, billing, cash receipts, pricing, order entry, credit, collections, sales returns, capital budgeting, cash forecasting, payroll, and closing the books

Accounting Policies and Procedures Manual is the tool every accounting department needs to regularize and systematize its procedures to match the best in the industry.
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Preface xiii

Acknowledgments xv

About the Author xvii

About the Web Site xix

Chapter 1 Accounting Manuals 1

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 General Accounting Manual 2

1.3 Corporate Policies Manual 3

1.4 Accounting Procedures 4

1.5 Purchasing Card Manual 5

1.6 Accounting Controls Manual 5

1.7 Year–End Manual 5

1.8 Budgeting Manual 5

1.9 Property Accounting Manual 6

1.10 Forms Manual 6

1.11 Document Management Manual 6

1.12 User Manual 7

1.13 Information Technology Manual 7

1.14 Human Resources Manual 8

1.15 ISO 9000 Quality Standards 8

1.16 In The Beginning 10

1.17 Procedures to Write and Change Procedures 13

Chapter 2 General Accounting Manual 16

2.1 Introduction 16

2.2 Charts of Accounts 17

2.3 Accounting Term Definitions 23

2.4 Job Descriptions 31

2.5 Activities Calendar 36

2.6 Accounting Policies 36

2.7 Process Cycle Descriptions 40

2.8 Accounting Procedures 51

Chapter 3 Procedure Statements 52

3.1 Introduction 52

3.2 Writing Style 52

3.3 Writing Mechanics 56

3.4 Flowcharting for a Procedures Manual 58

3.5 Format of The Procedure 73

3.6 Work Steps for Constructing a Procedures Manual 77

3.7 Suggested List of Procedures 81

3.8 Other Uses for Procedures Manuals 86

Chapter 4 Maintaining and Distributing Accounting Manuals 88

4.1 Introduction 88

4.2 Maintaining Accounting Manuals 89

4.3 Responsibility for Maintenance of Manuals 93

4.4 Physical Construction of The Manual s Binder 96

4.5 Creation and Storage of The Master Manual Copy 98

4.6 Creation and Maintenance of The Distribution Mailing List 100

4.7 Physical Distribution Process 100

4.8 Issuances to New Employees 102

4.9 Manual Retrieval 102

4.10 Benefits of Using Electronic Manuals 103

4.11 Disadvantages of Using Electronic Manuals 105

4.12 Basic Electronic Manual 106

4.13 Accounting Manual on an Intranet, Extranet, or the Internet 107

4.14 Electronic Manual with Embedded Hypertext 107

4.15 Electronic Manual with Advanced Indexing Features 110

4.16 Electronic Manual with Built–in Help Information 111

4.17 Electronic Manual with Built–in Tutorials 114

4.18 Writing Tips for Electronic Manuals 114

4.19 Example of Comprehensive Electronic Manual Features 116

4.20 Using the PDF Format for Electronic Files 116

4.21 Maintaining an Electronic Manual 118

Chapter 5 Corporate Policies Manual 120

5.1 Introduction 120

Chapter 6 Accounting Procedures 147

6.1 Introduction 147

Chapter 7 Purchasing Card Manual 307

7.1 Introduction 307

Chapter 8 Accounting Controls Manual 324

8.1 Introduction 324

8.2 Basic Order Entry Controls 325

8.3 Computerized Order Entry Controls 325

8.4 Electronic Order Entry Controls 326

8.5 Basic Credit Granting Controls 326

8.6 Computerized Credit Granting Controls 327

8.7 Basic Purchasing Controls 328

8.8 Basic Inventory Procurement Controls 329

8.9 Computerized Purchasing Controls 330

8.10 Procurement Card Controls 331

8.11 Goods in Transit Controls 332

8.12 Manual Receiving Controls 332

8.13 Computerised Receiving System Controls 333

8.14 Receiving Evaluated Receipts Controls 333

8.15 Manual Accounts Payable Controls 334

8.16 Computerized Accounts Payable Controls 335

8.17 Manual Cash Disbursement Controls 336

8.18 Computerized Cash Disbursement Controls 337

8.19 Electronic Payment Controls 337

8.20 Basic Inventory Storage/Movement Controls 338

8.21 Basic Perpetual Inventory Tracking Controls 339

8.22 Computerized Perpetual Inventory Tracking Controls 339

8.23 Inventory Bar Code Scanning Controls 340

8.24 Inventory Zone Putaway and Picking Controls 340

8.25 Inventory Pick–to–Light Controls 341

8.26 Inventory Cross–Docking Controls 341

8.27 Inventory Valuation Controls 341

8.28 Obsolete Inventory Controls 342

8.29 Manufacturing Resources Planning Controls 343

8.30 Just–in–Time Manufacturing Controls 344

8.31 Basic Shipping Controls 344

8.32 Drop Shipping Controls 345

8.33 Shippings Evaluated Receipts Controls 345

8.34 Basic Billing System Controls 346

8.35 Computerized Billing System Controls 347

8.36 Advanced Billing System Controls 347

8.37 Credit Memo Controls 348

8.38 Basic Cash Receipt Controls 349

8.39 Basic Check Handling Controls 350

8.40 Computerized Check Handling Controls 351

8.41 Credit Card Receipt Controls 351

8.42 Lockbox Receipt Controls 351

8.43 Petty Cash Controls 352

8.44 Investment Controls 352

8.45 Basic Payroll System Controls 353

8.46 Computerized Timekeeping Controls 355

8.47 Computerized Payroll System Controls 356

8.48 Payroll Self–Service Controls 356

8.49 Cash Payroll Payment Controls 357

8.50 Electronic Payroll Payment Controls 357

8.51 Electronic Payroll Remittance Controls 358

8.52 Outsourced Payroll Controls 358

8.53 Fixed Asset Controls 358

Chapter 9 Period–End Manual 361

9.1 Introduction 361

9.2 Period–End Manual 361

9.3 Closing Procedure by Position 369

9.4 Soft Close 370

9.5 Year–End Close 376

9.6 New Year Startup 386

Chapter 10 Budget Manual 389

10.1 Introduction 389

10.2 System of Interlocking Budgets 389

10.3 Sample Budget 397

10.4 Flex Budget 413

10.5 Budgeting Process 414

10.6 Budgetary Control Systems 420

Chapter 11 Property Accounting Manual 422

11.1 Introduction 420

11.2 Project Cost Report 423

11.3 Record Keeping for Land Projects 423

11.4 Record Keeping for Land Improvement Projects 424

11.5 Record Keeping for Building Projects 424

11.6 Record Keeping for Factory Equipment Projects 425

11.7 Record Keeping for Office Equipment Projects 425

11.8 Record Keeping for Vehicles 426

11.9 Record Keeping for Leasehold Improvements 426

11.10 Record Keeping for Leases 427

11.11 Sample Property Accounting Manual 427

Chapter 12 Forms Manual 463

12.1 Introduction 463

12.2 Identify Needed Forms 463

12.3 Rules for Form Creation 465

12.4 Creating the Forms Manual 469

12.5 Electronic Forms 474

Chapter 13 Document Management Manual 475

13.1 Introduction 475

Chapter 14 User Manual 493

14.1 Introduction 493

14.2 Starting the Manual 494

14.3 Outlining and Updating the User Manual 495

14.4 Sample User Manual 495

Index 513

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Steven M. Bragg
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