Problem solving is a key skill that we all use every day to solve simple and complex problems. However, little education or training challenges learners to solve problems and almost none engages learners in the types of problem solving encountered in everyday and professional situations.
Learning to Solve Problems is a much–needed book that describes models for designing interactive learning environments to support how to learn and solve different kinds of problems. Using a research–based approach, author David H. Jonassen a recognized expert in the field shows how to design instruction to support three kinds of problems: story problems, troubleshooting, and case and policy analysis problems. Filled with models and job aids, this book describes different approaches for representing problems to learners and includes information about technology–based tools that can help learners mentally represent problems for themselves. Jonassen also explores methods for associating different solutions to problems and discusses various processes for reflecting on the problem–solving process. Learning to Solve Problems also includes three methods for assessing problem–solving skills: performance assessment, component skills, and argumentation.
Praise for LEARNING TO SOLVE PROBLEMS
"People can learn to be better problem solvers. This is the exciting premise underlying David Jonassen’s highly readable book, Learning to Solve Problems. If you are interested in helping people become better problem solvers, then this book is for you. In Learning to Solve Problems, you will find an up–to–date and reader–friendly book on teaching problem solving, written by a world–renowned expert in instructional design."
Richard E. Mayer, professor of psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara; and author, Multimedia Learning and Learning and Instruction
"This book is a major milestone in the quest for understanding how to teach problem solving. By focusing on the challenge of learning and instruction for each of the types of problem solving, together with a firm start on strategies for the assessment of problem solving, Jonassen makes this book valuable and unique."
Rob Foshay, author, Writing Training Materials That Work
Chapter 1: What Is Problem Solving?
What Are Problems, and How Do They Vary?
Domain (Context) Specificity/Abstractness.
What Is Problem Solving, and How Does It Vary?
Case and System and Policy Analysis Problems.
Chapter 2: Designing Learning Environments to Support Problem Solving.
Problem Type and Typology.
Case, Systems, or Policy Analysis Problems.
Problem Representation Tools.
Chapter 3: Presenting Problems to Learners.
Anchoring Problems in Macrocontexts.
Components of Case Problems.
Chapter 4: Tools for Representing Problems by Learners.
Representing Semantic Organization.
Representing Causal Reasoning.
Modeling Dynamic Systems.
Chapter 5: Associating Solutions with Problems.
Worked Examples: Modeling Performance.
Using Worked Examples.
Case Libraries: Teaching with Stories.
Supporting Problem Solving with Stories.
Cognitive Flexibility Hypertexts: Conveying Complexity.
Understanding Sexual Harassment.
Freedom of Expression.
Chapter 6: Supporting Solutions.
Using Microworlds to Simulate Solutions.
Building Learning Objects to Simulate Solutions.
Building Simulations of Problems.
Using Versus Building Simulations.
Chapter 7: Reflecting on Problem–Solving Processes.
Peer Instruction and Thinking–Aloud Pair Problem Solving.
Thinking–Aloud Pair Problem Solving.
Teachbacks and Abstracted Replays.
Chapter 8: Assessing Problem Solutions and Learning.
Assessing Problem–Solving Performance.
Heuristics for Developing an Effective Rubric.
Assessing Component Skills.
Case Analysis Problems.
Knowledge Representation Tools.
Assessing Argumentation and Justification.
Objective Forms of Assessment of Argumentation.
Coding Student Arguments.
Assessing Student Essays and Problem–Solving Accounts.
About the Author.
About the Series Editors.
About the Advisory Board Members.