As the authors note, the United States will become significantly less white over the next fifty years, so these issues are becoming more urgent. We must have institution–wide programs to improve the graduation rates of minority students. Pre–college preparation, admission policies, affirmative action, and financial aid are important factors, but campus–wide support, from the chancellor′s office to the classroom, is critical to success.
This ASHE–ERIC Higher Education Report is intended as a reference for key stakeholders regarding the realities of and strategies for student retention. It is our hope that it will serve as a compass for those with the complex task of improving retention.
The Growing Importance of a College Degree.
Moving from Access to Success.
Diagnosis by the Numbers: The Education Pipeline for Racial and Ethnic Minorities.
Diversity 101: Affirmative Action in America.
Why Students Leave College.
Models of Student Progression.
Factors Related to Retention.
A Framework for Retention.
A New Perspective on Student Integration.
Three Forces Affecting Student Persistence and Achievement.
The Model in Practice.
Practical Implications of the Geometric Model.
A Framework for Student Retention.
Monitoring Students Progress.
Implementation and Leadership.
Important Organizational Considerations in Developing an.
Institution–Wide Retention Program Implementing Campus–Wide Programs.
The Importance of Leadership on Student Retention.
Appendix A: Promising College Student Retention Programs.
Appendix B: Annotated Bibliography.