The dialogue of identity and difference finds many and varied architectural expressions in the contemporary museum buildings highlighted, which are drawn from across the globe. The projects vary dramatically in scale, context, thematics and intent, but all raise questions of architectural representation.
Many museum architects have turned to the natural landscape for inspiration, often for aesthetic or pragmatic reasons, but at times to invest their buildings with a specific identity. Similarly, rich archaeological and architectural caches have been plundered by designers in a quest to give identity to their built form. Several featured museum projects address the meeting of cultures, which were defining moments in history, and these encounters have left a tenacious legacy on the architecture and exhibitions of those museums. Most resonant here is the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: a deeply poignant physical monument to one of the most horrifying and inhumane encounters in human history, and a most extreme example of the museum s lasting role in the construction and depiction of identities.
Museum of Scotland (Benson + Forsyth).
Canadian Museum of Civilization (Douglas Cardinal TSE).
Te Papa Tongarewa the National Museum of New Zealand (Jasmax Group).
Imperial War Museum North (Daniel Libeskind).
Jewish Museum (Daniel Libeskind).
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (Pei Cobb Freed & Partners).
Chikatsu–Asuka Historical Museum (Tadao Ando).
Vulcania: The European Centre of Volcanism (Hans Hollein).
Fukui Prefectural Dinosaur Museum (Kisho Kurokawa and Associates).
Domus, Home of Man (Arata Isozaki and Cesar Portela).
National Maritime Museum Cornwall (Long & Kentish).
Art Museums: New Build.
Kunsthal Rotterdam (Rem Koolhaas).
Cartier Founda tion for Conte mporary Art (Jean Nouvel).
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (Mario Botta).
Modern and Contemporary Art Museum of Trento and Rovereto (Mario Botta and Giulio Andreolli).
Chicago Museum of Contemporary Art (Kleihues + Kleihues).
Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao (Frank Gehry).
Stockholm Museum of Modern Art and Architecture (Rafael Moneo).
Galician Centre for Contemporary Art (Alvaro Siza).
Serralves Museum (Alvaro Siza).
Toyota Municipal Museum of Art (Yoshio Taniguchi).
Fukui City Museum of Art (Kisho Kurokawa).
Lois & Richard Rosenthal Center for Contemporary Art (Zaha Hadid).
National Centre for Contemporary Arts, Rome (Zaha Hadid).
Spiral Extension to the Victoria & Albert Museum (Daniel Libeskind).
Tate Modern (Herzog and De Meuron).
Guggenheim Las Vegas and Guggenheim Hermitage Museums (Rem Koolhaas).
Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art (Dominic Williams and Ellis Williams).