International Peirce–Smith Converting Centennial.
Historical Foundations/Refractory Practices.
William Peirce and E.A. Cappelen Smith and Their Amazing Copper Converting Machine (L. Southwick).
Before Peirce and Smith – The Manhes Converter: Its Development and Some Reflections for Today (A. Pelletier, P. Mackey, L. Southwick, and A. Wraith).
Conflicts over Designs, Refractories and Awards: The First 20 Years of PS Experience (L. Southwick).
Converting and Refining Experience in Ferrous and Non–Ferrous Metallurgy (T. Lehner, and C. Samuelsson).
Chrome–Magnesite Refractory Corrosion with Olivine Slag of High Cuprous Oxide Content (C. Ramirez, P. Ruz, G. Riveros, A. Warczok, and R. Treimer).
Development of Refractory Practices for Peirce Smith Converters (J. Bäckström, and M. Hansel).
Corrosion of Refractories in Peirce Smith Converters (G. Oprea, W. Lo, T. Troczynski, and J. Rigby).
A Century of Converter Operation in Vale Inco′s Ontario Operations (S. Marcuson).
Converting and Casting at Boliden′s Rönnskär Smelter 2009 – An Update (M. Ek, and P. Olsson).
Environmental Situation and Enhanced Productivity at Norddeutsche Affinerie AG (T. Buenger).
Evolution of the Converter Aisle at Xstrata Nickel s Sudbury Smelter (B. Salt, and E. Cerilli).
Recent Operation and Improvement at the Sumitomo Toyo Peirce–Smith Converters (K. Mori, K. Nagai, K. Morita, and O. Nakano).
The Use of Injection Tuyeres Clad Welding with Anti– Abrasive in the Teniente Converter (L. González M., J. Davis C., and G. Guzman D.).
Full Utilization of the Matte Converting Process Energy for Operatiing Conditions of the RTB Bor (B. Petkovic, and B. Todorovic).
Injection Techniques, Modeling and Process Control.
Peirce–Smith Converting: Another 100 Years? (T. Price, C. Harris, S. Hills, W. Boyd, and A. Wraith).
Technology and Operational Improvements in Tuyère Punching, Silencing, Pyrometry and Refractory Drilling Equipment (M. Marinigh).
Increasing Capacity and Productivity in the Metals Markets through Pneumatic Conveying and Process Injection Technologies (M. Coleman, and G. Money).
Decision–making Software for the Incremental Improvement of Peirce–Smith Converters (A. Navarra, and J. Kapusta).
Advanced Metallurgical Modeling of Ni–Cu Smelting at the Xstrata Nickel′s Sudbury Smelter (N. Tripathi, P. Coursol, D. Tisdale, and P. Mackey).
A Dynamic Simulation for the Validation Tests of the Codelco–Chile Continuous Converting Process (C. Caballero, A. Moyano, P. Morales, C. Toro, H. Jara, L. Guzmán, and R. Díaz).
Applications of Thermo–Chemical and Thermo–Physical Modeling in the Copper Converter Industries (P. Tan).
Minimum Numerical Model of a Peirce–Smith Converter (A. Cervantes–Clemente, C. Real–Ramirez, M. Palomar–Pardave, L. Hoyos–Reyes, M. Gutierrez–Villegas, and J. Gonzalez–Trejo).
Key Performance Indicators of Peirce–Smith converting – Choosing the correct parameters to monitor (B. Hogg, and J. Ball).
New Converting Technologies.
Continuous Converting of Copper Matte in Packed Bed Reactor (A. Warczok, G. Riveros, J. Vargas, R. Saez, and A. Tapia).
Scrap Melting in the Anode Furnace and the Development of Coherant Jet Technolgy in Copper Refining (A. Deneys, and A. Enriquez).
Advantages of Continuous Copper Fire Refining in a Packed Bed (G. Riveros, A. Warczok, D. Smith, and A. Balocchi).
The Validation of the Codelco–Chile Continuous Converting Process (A. Moyano, C. Caballero, C. Toro, P. Morales, and J. Font).
Continuous Improvement in Peirce–Smith Converter Design – Kumera′s Approach (S. Chen, H. Mansikkaviita, M. Rytkonen, and I. Kylmäkorpi).
Operation of the Air Liquide Shrouded Injector (ALSI) Technology in a Hoboken Siphon Converter (R. Pagador, N. Wachgama, C. Khuankla, and J. Kapusta).
Flash Converting – Sustainable Technology Now and in the Future (I. Kojo, M. Lahtinen, and E. Miettinen).
Ausmelt C3 Converting (J. Wood, R. Matusewicz, and M. Reuter).
ISACONVERT TSL Continuous Copper Converting Update (S. Nikolic, J. Edwards, A. Burrows, and G. Alvear).