To the plaintiffs and the feisty public–interest law firm that backed them, the suits were a long overdue assault on reverse discrimination. The Constitution, strictly construed, was color–blind. Discrimination under any guise was not only illegal, it was the wrong way to set history right in a nation that had been troubled and divided by the uses and misuses of race for more than two hundred years.
To the University of Michigan, and to other top institutions striving to expand opportunity and create diverse, representative student bodies, it looked as if most of what had been put in place since the 1978 Bakke v. University of California decision was about to be undone. Black and Hispanic students were in danger of being once again largely shut out of the most important avenue of advancement in America, an elite education. To some, it appeared likely that racial integration was about to suffer their worst setback since the start of the civil rights movement.
In A Black and White Case, veteran Supreme Court reporter Greg Stohr portrays the individual dramas and exposes the human passions that colored and propelled this momentous legal struggle. His fascinating account takes us deep inside America s court system, where logic collides with emotion, and common sense must contend with the majesty and sometimes the seeming perversity of the law. He follows the trail from Michigan to Washington, DC, revealing how lawyers argued and strategized, how lower–court judges fought behind the scenes for control of the cases, and why the White House filed a brief in support of the white students, in opposition to a chorus of retired generals and admirals worried that the military academies would no longer reflect the face of America.
Finally, Stohr details the fallout from the Supreme Court′s controversial 2003 ruling that both upheld affirmative action and upended some of the methods that had been used to effect it. And he shows how colleges and universities are reshaping their affirmative action policies––an evolution closely watched by lower courts, employers, civil rights lawyers, legislators, regulators, and the public.
A Black and White Case brings alive and brilliantly explains one of the most important Supreme Court decisions on the fundamental and divisive subject of race relations in America.
Part One: A Gathering Storm.
(December 1995 October 1997).
1 A Tale of Two Professors.
2 Getting Lawyered Up.
3 Gratz, Grutter, and Hamacher.
Part Two: Trial Court.
(October 1997 April 2001).
4 Equal Protection.
5 Arguments Michigan Wouldn t Make.
6 A Clash in Chambers.
7 Accepted on the Spot.
8 Bollinger′s New Front.
9 Duggan′s Distinction.
10 Preferences on Trial.
Part Three: On Appeal.
(April 2001 December 2002).
11 A Court Divided.
12 Martin v. Boggs.
13 Looking to the High Court.
Part Four: The Supreme Court.
(December 2002 June 2003).
14 The Most Powerful Woman in America.
15 Friends of the Court.
16 "She′s Fabulous".
17 "Race Unfortunately Still Matters".
18 Hail to the Victors.
"Seldom does a book of its genre match the quality ofGideon′s Trumpet . . . Stohr comes very close in his fascinating, insightfulA Black and White Case." (Choice)
"Stohr deserves the highest praise for tackling one of the most complex issues in the high court′s caseload and doing it fairly and well." (United Press International, 10/15/04)
"Stohr has produced a brisk yet meaty book that establishes him as a first–rate legal journalist. Move over Jeffrey Toobin." (St. Louis Post–Dispatch, 9/26/04)