National Resource center for the first–year experience® and students in transition
Helping Sophomores Succeed
Understanding and Improving the Second–Year Experience
Mary Stuart Hunter
Barbara F. Tobolowsky
John N. Gardner
Scott E. Evenbeck, Jerry A. Pattengale, Molly A. Schaller, Laurie A. Schreiner, and Associates
Helping Sophomores Succeed
Helping Sophomores Succeed offers an in–depth, comprehensive understanding of the common challenges that arise in a student′s second year of college. Sponsored by the University of South Carolina′s National Resource Center for The First–Year Experience® and Students in Transition, this groundbreaking book offers an examination of second–year student success and satisfaction using both quantitative and qualitative measures from national research findings. Helping Sophomores Succeed serves as a foundation for designing programs and services for the second–year student population that will help to promote retention, academic and career development, and personal transition and growth.
Praise for Helping Sophomores Succeed
"Lost, lonely, stressed, pressured, unsupported, frequently indecisive, and invisible, many sophomores fall off the radar of campus educators at a time when they may most be seeking purpose, meaning, direction, intellectual challenge, and intellectual capacity building. The fine scholars who focused educators on the first–year and senior transitions have done it againa magnificent book to focus on the sophomore year!"
Susan R. Komives, College Student Personnel Program, University of Maryland
"For years, student–centered institutions have front–loaded resources to promote student success in the first college year. This volume is rich with instructive ideas for how to sustain this important work in the second year of college."
George D. Kuh, Chancellor′s Professor and director, Indiana University Center for Postsecondary Research
"A pioneering work, this brilliant text explores in practical and meaningful ways the all but neglected sophomore–year experience, when students face critical choices about their major, their profession, their life purpose."
Betty L. Siegel, president emeritus, Kennesaw State University?
"All members of the campus communityfaculty, student affairs educators, staff, and studentswill benefit from learning about the unique challenges of the second college year. The book provides research and best practices to help educators and students craft an integrated, comprehensive approach to helping second–year students succeed."
Marcia Baxter Magolda, distinguished professor, Educational Leadership, Miami University
The National Resource Center for The First–Year Experience® and Students in Transition supports and advances efforts to improve student learning and transitions into and through higher education by providing opportunities for the exchange of practical, theory–based information and ideas.
List of Tables and Exhibit xi
Authors and Contributors xv
Introduction 1John N. Gardner, Jerry A. Pattengale, Barbara F. Tobolowsky, Mary Stuart Hunter
PART ONE: FOUNDATIONS 11
1 Understanding the Impact of the Second Year of College 13Molly A. Schaller
2 Keys to Student Success: A Look at the Literature 30Kirsten Kennedy, M. Lee Upcraft
3 Factors That Contribute to Sophomore Success and Satisfaction 43Laurie A. Schreiner
4 College Sophomores: The Journey into Self 66Molly A. Schaller
PART TWO: APPROACHES FOR ENGAGING SECOND–YEAR STUDENTS 81
5 Academic Advising: Helping Sophomores Succeed 83Virginia N. Gordon
6 Promoting Career Success in the Second Year of College 99Paul A. Gore, Jr., Mary Stuart Hunter
7 Curricular Approaches for the Intellectual Development of Second–Year Students 114Scott E. Evenbeck, Sharon J. Hamilton
8 The Critical Role of Faculty and Faculty Development in Sophomore Success 129Laurie A. Schreiner
9 Service–Learning in the Sophomore Year 146Steven G. Jones, Robert W. Franco
10 The Potential of Study Abroad in the Sophomore Year 163Susan Buck Sutton, Stephanie L. Leslie
11 Undergraduate Research: A Powerful Pedagogy to Engage Sophomores 177Kathryn J. Wilson, Mary Crowe
12 Residential Learning in the Sophomore Year 189Jimmie Gahagan, Mary Stuart Hunter
13 Spirituality, Meaning Making, and the Sophomore–Year Experience 203Jennifer A. Lindholm
PART THREE: CAMPUS PRACTICE AND IMPLICATIONS 215
14 Designing and Implementing New Initiatives for Sophomores 217Julie Tetley, Barbara F. Tobolowsky, Edward K. Chan
15 Assessment: Evaluating Second–Year Programs 234Ann M. Gansemer–Topf, Jerry A. Pattengale
16 Recommendations to Improve Sophomore Student Success 248John N. Gardner, Barbara F. Tobolowsky, Mary Stuart Hunter
Appendix A Summary of Hierarchical Regression Analyses in Private Institutions: 2007 Survey of Sophomores 257
Appendix B The Sophomore Student Success Initiative: Questions for Discussion Between Resident Advisor and Sophomore Students 263
Appendix C Principles of Good Assessment 267
Names Index 297
Subject Index 303