the definitive guide to the theory and practice of water treatment engineering
THIS NEWLY REVISED EDITION of the classic reference provides complete, up–to–date coverage of both theory and practice of water treatment system design. The Third Edition brings the field up to date, addressing new regulatory requirements, ongoing environmental concerns, and the emergence of pharmacological agents and other new chemical constituents in water.
Written by some of the foremost experts in the field of public water supply, Water Treatment, Third Edition maintains the book′s broad scope and reach, while reorganizing the material for even greater clarity and readability. Topics span from the fundamentals of water chemistry and microbiology to the latest methods for detecting constituents in water, leading–edge technologies for implementing water treatment processes, and the increasingly important topic of managing residuals from water treatment plants. Along with hundreds of illustrations, photographs, and extensive tables listing chemical properties and design data, this volume:
- Introduces a number of new topics such as advanced oxidation and enhanced coagulation
- Discusses treatment strategies for removing pharmaceuticals and personal care products
- Examines advanced treatment technologies such as membrane filtration, reverse osmosis, and ozone addition
- Details reverse osmosis applications for brackish groundwater, wastewater, and other water sources
- Provides new case studies demonstrating the synthesis of full–scale treatment trains
A must–have resource for engineers designing or operating water treatment plants, Water Treatment, Third Edition is also useful for students of civil, environmental, and water resources engineering.
1 Introduction 1
2 Physical and Chemical Quality of Water 17
3 Microbiological Quality of Water 73
4 Water Quality Management Strategies 165
5 Principles of Chemical Reactions 225
6 Principles of Reactor Analysis and Mixing 287
7 Principles of Mass Transfer 391
8 Chemical Oxidation and Reduction 457
9 Coagulation and Flocculation 541
10 Gravity Separation 641
11 Granular Filtration 727
12 Membrane Filtration 819
13 Disinfection 903
14 Air Stripping and Aeration 1033
15 Adsorption 1117
16 Ion Exchange 1263
17 Reverse Osmosis 1335
18 Advanced Oxidation 1415
19 Disinfection/Oxidation By–products 1485
20 Removal of Selected Constituents 1529
21 Residuals Management 1625
22 Internal Corrosion of Water Conduits 1699
23 Synthesis of Treatment Trains: Case Studies from Bench to Full Scale 1805
Appendix A Conversion Factors 1851
Appendix B Physical Properties of Selected Gases and Composition of Air 1857
Appendix C Physical Properties of Water 1861
Appendix D Standard Atomic Weights 2001 1863
Appendix E Electronic Resources Available on the John Wiley & Sons Website for This Textbook 1867
MWH is a global consulting firm with more than 7,000 professionals and 180 offices in thirty–five countries, that provides services to a full range of water–related projects and programs ranging from water supply, treatment and storage, dams, water management for the natural resources industry, and coastal restoration to renewable power and environmental service. MWH employees wrote the first edition of this book.
JOHN C. CRITTENDEN is Director of the Brook Byers Institute for Sustainable Systems as well as Hightower Chair and Georgia Research Alliance Eminent Scholar in the School of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology.
R. RHODES TRUSSELL is the founder of Trussell Technologies and former senior vice president at MWH. He is Chair of the Water Science and Technology Board for the National Academies and, in 2010, was awarded the prestigious A. P. Black Research Award from the American Water Works Association.
DAVID W. HAND is a Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the Michigan Technological University. He has authored or coauthored over 130 technical publications including six textbooks, two patents, and eight copyrighted software programs.
KERRY J. HOWE is an Associate Professor of Civil Engineering at the University of New Mexico and former principal engineer at MWH. His teaching and research focuses on water quality, membrane processes, desalination, and advanced water treatment technologies.
GEORGE TCHOBANOGLOUS is Professor Emeritus of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of California, Davis. He is the author or coauthor of more than 300 technical papers and a number of textbooks, including Wastewater Engineering: Treatment and Reuse and Water Reuse.